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Internet and Learning Computers in Education 1 Week 9 Ruth Geer May 99 What is the Internet? A global network of networks An environment of software standards A medium for communication A major collection of electronic resources A new environment for social interaction

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Internet and Learning

Computers in Education 1

Week 9

Ruth Geer

May 99


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What is the Internet?

  • A global network of networks

  • An environment of software standards

  • A medium for communication

  • A major collection of electronic resources

  • A new environment for social interaction


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Data Pathways to the Internet

The Internet

Telstra / AARnet backbone

2 to 10Mbps

PSTN

Exchange

34K

128K

Access provider

Server

Modems

Internet Service Provider

Designed by David Curtis


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Brief History of the Internet

  • Late 1960’s ARPAnet was created

  • 1985 NSFnet formed

  • 1990 AARNet established

  • 1992 WWW born

  • 1993 Mosiac arrived

  • Number of users ??


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What is the Information Superhighway?

  • It is what the Internet is expected to become as its carrying capacity is increased


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What is it used for?

  • Sharing and communicating information that is both fast and cost effective.

  • Recreation, education, academic research, and on-line commerce

  • Current events (eg Olympics), travelling hints, shopping, etc


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Who governs the Internet?

  • There is no single authority figure.

  • However there is a body that is responsible for the technical management and direction of the Internet

  • The Internet Architecture Board is responsible for standards - addresses.

    • There is a common method of communication known as a protocol (TCP/IP)


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Internet services

  • World Wide Web

  • E-mail

  • Newsgroups

    • common interest groups

  • FTP (File transfer Protocol)

    • ability to download and transfer information


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Further Services

  • Gopher

    • information index and retrieval system

  • Telnet

    • allows access to another computer system

  • IRC (Internet Relay Chat)

  • MUDS & MOOS

    • multi-user simulation environment

  • Video-conferencing


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As a learning environment

  • Construct knowledge

  • Receive knowledge

  • Explore a subject

  • Interact with experts & peers


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A generative model of instruction

Various services highlight need to acquire various forms of instruction

  • create authentic learning tasks

  • explore information resources

  • represent new ideas

  • produce products


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Benefits of the Internet

  • Learning is active

  • Tailored to individual

  • Encourages collaboration

  • Requires development of specialised strategies

  • Learning is contextual


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Growth of the Internet

  • Increased ease of use

  • Vast variety of services

  • Volume of information

  • Incorporation of media

  • Communication capabilities

  • Hypertext linking - non-linear representation


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Dialup connections

If you want to access the Internet from home you will need the following:

  • a modem, this is a device that allows you to connect your computer to the telephone

  • an account with an Internet Service Provider (ISP)

  • software to “surf” the Net


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Internet Service Providers

  • These are businesses that sell access to the Internet

  • Prices for access vary

  • Some examples of service providers are: camtech, ozemail, nexus


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Internet cafe

  • There are a range of these in Adelaide

  • designed for casual users

  • buy computer time, price varies


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Netiquette

  • Internet etiquette

    • shouting

    • spamming

    • flamimg

    • use of appropriate language

    • respect rights of others


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Objectionable material

  • pornography

  • hate language

  • aid to harmful activities

  • virtual harm


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Safety

  • Don’t divulge personal information

  • Acceptable User Policies

  • Filtering software

  • Supervision

  • Intranets


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Accessing information

  • Type in address

    • URL (Uniform Resource Locator)

  • Follow links

  • Use search engines

  • Navigate through subject directory

  • join listserv or newsgroup


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What is a search engine?

  • A database of Internet sites complied by automated computer programs

  • indexing differs from traditional method

  • process varies among search engines

  • variation in content accuracy and ease of use

  • variation in size and frequency of updating

  • not all documents indexed on the web


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Evaluating information

  • Purpose and audience

  • Authority

  • Scope

  • Format

  • Comparison with other material

  • Acceptance of material


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Some interesting sites

  • Web Sites and resources for teachers

    http://www.csun.edu/~vceed009/

  • K12 lesson Plans

    http://teams.lacoe.edu/documentation/places/lessons.html

  • Community learning networks

    http://www.cln.org/themes_index.html

  • Apple learning Exchange Curriculum Resources

    http://henson.austin.apple.com/edres/curric.shtml


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More interesting sites

  • Technology in Schools Program

    http://www.unimelb.edu.au/tisp/chalkface/

  • Kathy Schrock's Guide for Educators

    http://discoveryschool.com/schrockguide/

  • Curriculum, Activities and lesson Plans by Subject

    http://www.cdepot.net/teachnet/Subdisciplines/index.html

  • DETE

    http://www.nexus.edu.au/


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