Il passato prossimo con essere
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IL passato prossimo con essere. You already know how to form the passato prossimo tense. Here is a reminder:. Use part of the present tense of Avere. Then add the past participle of the verb you want to put into the past. Eg ha venduto abbiamo giocato. Part of avere. Past participle.

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Il passato prossimo con essere l.jpg
IL passato prossimo con essere

You already know how to form the passato prossimo tense. Here is a reminder:

  • Use part of thepresent tense of Avere

  • Then add thepast participleof the verbyou want to put into the past

Eg havenduto

abbiamo giocato

Part of avere

Past participle


But one group of verbs use the present tense of essere instead l.jpg
BUT one group of verbs use the present tense of essere instead.

MOST verbs use part of Avere to form the passato prossimo .

Here are some examples


List of verbs which use essere to form the passato prossimo l.jpg
List of Verbs which use Essere to form the passato prossimo

Arrivare partire stare

Cadere piacere succedere

Correre restare tornare

Diventare rimanere uscire

Entrare riusicre

Essere salire

Morire scendere

Nascere sembrare

Most intransitive verbs, most impersonal verbs and all reflexive verbs take essere


Slide4 l.jpg

When the passato prossimo is formed with Essere, the past participle behaves like an adjective.

So, if you have a feminine subject (the “doer” of the verb), you must also have a femininepast participle.

Eg

è andato (masculine)

BUT

è andata (feminine)

If the subject is plural, the past participle must also be plural.

Eg

Sono andati (masculine plural)

Sono andate (feminine plural)


Here is a table showing all the agreements l.jpg
Here is a table showing all the agreements participle behaves like an adjective.


Here are the past participles of some of the essere verbs l.jpg
Here are the past participles of some of the essere verbs participle behaves like an adjective.


Can you remember what to do l.jpg
Can you remember what to do? participle behaves like an adjective.

Choose the correct past participle.

lui è…

andati

andato

andata

andate

andato


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