Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800 s
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**Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800’s. Temperance, public education, abolition, women’s rights, 2nd Great Awakening. Why did many Americans settle in Texas in the early 1800s?. invited by Mexico, wanted chance to own land.

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Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800 s l.jpg
**Identify three of the significant reform movements from the early 1800’s.

  • Temperance, public education, abolition, women’s rights, 2nd Great Awakening


Why did many americans settle in texas in the early 1800s l.jpg
Why did many Americans settle in Texas in the early 1800s? the early 1800’s.

  • invited by Mexico, wanted chance to own land


Slide3 l.jpg
Why did Santa Anna lay siege to the Alamo? What happened as a result of fighting between Mexico & Texas?

settlers were refusing to follow Mexican Laws, Texas won its independence


What is manifest destiny l.jpg
What is “Manifest Destiny”? a result of fighting between Mexico & Texas?

The belief that the U.S. would someday control the land from coast to coast.


Who opposed the mexican american war why l.jpg
***Who opposed the Mexican American War? Why? a result of fighting between Mexico & Texas?

Whigs and Abolitionists, opposed extension of slavery


What was the result of the mexican american war l.jpg
What was the result of the Mexican American War? a result of fighting between Mexico & Texas?

The United States defeated Mexico and bought the land you’re sitting on


What was the first time our government officially compromised over slavery l.jpg
What was the first time our government officially compromised over slavery?

3/5 Compromise


What was the result of giving kansas and nebraska popular sovereignty over slavery l.jpg
What was the result of giving Kansas and Nebraska popular sovereignty over slavery?

Bleeding Kansas (fighting over slavery)


Why was the dred scott decision significant l.jpg
Why was the Dred Scott decision significant? sovereignty over slavery?

  • it maintained that slaves remained property regardless of the circumstances


What was john brown hoping to do when he took over the arsenal at harpers ferry l.jpg
What was John Brown hoping to do when he took over the arsenal at Harpers’ Ferry?

  • arm slaves who would take part in a widespread revolt


Name two advantages the south had at the start of the civil war l.jpg
Name two advantages the South had at the start of the Civil War.

Better generals, defensive war, passion for their cause


Name three advantages the north had at the start of the civil war l.jpg
Name three advantages the North had at the start of the Civil War.

larger population, more industry, better transportation, more food production


What was the first actual fighting of the war l.jpg
What was the first actual fighting of the war? Civil War.

SC firing on Ft. Sumter


What happened to the southern industrial and agricultural production facilities during the war l.jpg
What happened to the Southern industrial and agricultural production facilities during the war?

They were almost totally wiped out


What was the official name of the south s government who was it s president l.jpg
What was the official name of the South’s government? Who was it’s President

CSA (Confederate States of America), Jefferson Davis



Slide17 l.jpg
What was it about the style of fighting in the Civil War that led to such huge numbers of casualties?

you would lead large #s of your men in an attempt to break lines of large #s of the opposition (e.g. Picket's Charge)


What was the purpose of the emancipation proclamation what did it give the union l.jpg
What was the purpose of the Emancipation Proclamation? What did it give the Union?

Free the slaves in rebellious states, moral cause for fighting the war


What two union victories happened on july 4 1863 why were they important l.jpg
What two Union victories happened on July 4, 1863? Why were they important?

Gettysburg (turned Lee back from DC) and Vicksburg (control of the Mississippi)


What was lincoln s main point in the gettysburg address l.jpg
What was Lincoln’s main point in the Gettysburg Address? they important?

no nation had ever been founded on the idea of the equality of all men, and this was a cause well worth fighting for


Who marched through the south in 1864 1865 with the goal of forcing them to surrender how l.jpg
Who marched through the South in 1864-1865 with the goal of forcing them to surrender? How?

Sherman, waging “total war”


What was lincoln s philosophy on reconstruction why was he unable to implement it l.jpg
**What was Lincoln’s philosophy on reconstruction? Why was he unable to implement it?

Heal the wounds (malice toward none…), he was assassinated 6 days after the war ended


What did the 13th amendment do l.jpg
What did the 13th Amendment do? was he unable to implement it?

Made slavery illegal


What president did the radical republicans have a major problem during reconstruction why l.jpg
What President did the Radical Republicans have a major problem during Reconstruction? Why?

Andrew Johnson, he appeared to be sympathetic to the South


Why did the radical republicans push for the 14th amendment l.jpg
Why did the Radical Republicans push for the 14th Amendment? problem during Reconstruction? Why?

Southern States were passing Black Codes


What was a carpetbagger a scalawag l.jpg
**What was a carpetbagger? A scalawag? problem during Reconstruction? Why?

a northerner who came south to help with reconstruction, a southerner that sympathized with the north


Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality during reconstruction l.jpg
**Name 2 things that kept freedmen from gaining true equality during reconstruction.

sharecropping, KKK, black codes, racist attitudes


How did sharecropping keep many freedmen in the same basic conditions as slavery l.jpg
How did sharecropping keep many freedmen in the same basic conditions as slavery?

Put them in debt to landowners, locked to the land living in poverty


Name 2 ways southern states kept freedmen from voting l.jpg
Name 2 ways Southern states kept freedmen from voting. conditions as slavery?

poll taxes, literacy tests, threats & violence


Why did congress impeach johnson what was the verdict in his trial l.jpg
Why did Congress impeach Johnson? What was the verdict in his trial?

fired Stanton in violation of the Tenure of Office Act, not guilty



What event of 1873 drew the attention of much of the country away from reconstruction l.jpg
What event of 1873 drew the attention of much of the country away from reconstruction?

the Panic of 1873 (economic depression)


Why was homesteading attractive to people like immigrants and freedmen l.jpg
Why was homesteading attractive to people like immigrants and freedmen?

gave them a chance to own land


Slide34 l.jpg
Why did the lifestyle of the plains Native Americans clash with the permanent fixtures (RRs, farms, etc.) of the settlers?

the NAs were nomadic


What gov t agency was in charge of handling relationships with the native americans l.jpg
What gov’t agency was in charge of handling relationships with the Native Americans?

Bureau of Indian Affairs


Give two examples of conflicts between plains nas and the settlers army l.jpg
**Give two examples of conflicts between Plains NAs and the settlers/army.

Wounded Knee, Sand Creek, Little Big Horn, Chief Joseph


Who led his people on a 3 000 mile journey in an attempt to avoid being placed on a reservation l.jpg
Who led his people on a 3,000 mile journey in an attempt to avoid being placed on a reservation?

Chief Joseph (Nez Perce)



Identify three u s gov t policies that were designed to force the native americans to assimilate l.jpg
**Identify three U.S. gov’t policies that were designed to force the Native Americans to assimilate.

reservations, education, English, farming, supplies


What industries were the cornerstones of western settlement l.jpg
What industries were the cornerstones of western settlement? force the Native Americans to assimilate.

mining and ranching


What infrastructure was necessary for either of these industries to be successful l.jpg
What infrastructure was necessary for either of these industries to be successful?

the Transcontinental Railroad


What were the key inventions in communications l.jpg
What were the key inventions in communications? industries to be successful?

telegraph, telephone, typewriter


Slide43 l.jpg
**Give two examples of men who took advantage of these new inventions to build powerful business empires.

Carnegie (Steel), Rockefeller (oil), Vanderbilt, Stanford, Huntington (RR’s)


What is laissez faire economics l.jpg
What is laissez faire economics? inventions to build powerful business empires.

a system with no gov’t control or interference


How do corporations raise capital l.jpg
How do corporations raise capital? inventions to build powerful business empires.

sell stock or take loans


What do you call a group of corporations controlled by the same board for common interest l.jpg
What do you call a group of corporations controlled by the same board for common interest?

trust


What is a pool l.jpg
What is a pool? same board for common interest?

companies in competition divide up market


Why were companies able to pay low wages and maintain poor conditions l.jpg
Why were companies able to pay low wages and maintain poor conditions?

huge labor surplus (more workers than jobs)


Give 2 examples of poor working conditions l.jpg
Give 2 examples of poor working conditions. conditions?

heat/cold, unsafe machines, long hours, toxic chemicals, low wages


Slide50 l.jpg
What kind of organizations did workers form to try and improve pay and conditions? How do these orgs get their power?

unions, collective bargaining


What was the first national labor organization l.jpg
What was the first national labor organization? improve pay and conditions? How do these orgs get their power?

Knights of Labor



What two groups did unions regularly exclude l.jpg
What two groups did unions regularly exclude? Labor?

blacks and immigrants


What clash between labor and gov t was wrongfully blamed on bomb throwing anarchists l.jpg
What clash between labor and gov’t was wrongfully blamed on “bomb-throwing anarchists”?

Haymarket Square Riot


What was the first strike where one union supported another l.jpg
What was the first strike where one union supported another? on “bomb-throwing anarchists”?

Pullman Strike


Why would the gov t always side with the owners against the unions l.jpg
Why would the gov’t always side with the owners against the unions?

the owners had put them into the offices they held


Identify 2 reasons why many immigrants came to the u s between 1875 1925 l.jpg
**Identify 2 reasons why many immigrants came to the U.S. between 1875-1925.

religious or political freedom, economic opportunity, land ownership, seeking adventure


Where were most immigrants who came to the u s in the late 1800 s early 1900 s processed l.jpg
Where were most immigrants who came to the U.S. in the late 1800’s & early 1900’s processed?

Ellis Island


Name 2 things that would have kept an immigrant from getting into the u s l.jpg
Name 2 things that would have kept an immigrant from getting into the U.S..

health problem, criminal record


What two regions did most immigrants come from in the late 1800s l.jpg
What two regions did most immigrants come from in the late 1800s?

Europe and Asia (China and Japan)


Why were new immigrants subjected to so much xenophobia l.jpg
Why were new immigrants subjected to so much xenophobia? 1800s?

different languages, religions, complexions, illiteracy


What are 2 characteristics of the gilded age l.jpg
**What are 2 characteristics of the “Gilded Age”? 1800s?

new wealth, conspicuous spending, political corruption, imitating Victorian lifestyle


What groups essentially stole the voting power away from the poor to use for their own benefit l.jpg
What groups essentially stole the voting power away from the poor to use for their own benefit?

political machines


How many families was the floor of a tenement designed for how many actually lived there l.jpg
How many families was the floor of a tenement designed for? How many actually lived there?

2, 6-10


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