Highlights of Road Traffic Accidents In Ethiopia. In 1995 EC (2003 GC) Above 1,800 people died due to road accident Above 7,000 people are crippled or injured 53 % of deaths involve pedestrians 31 % of of pedestrian deaths are students The death rate is 136 per 10,000 vehicles,
In 1995 EC (2003 GC)
Road user and Road environment
Road user and Vehicle
Road users, Vehicles and Roads environment
Vehicles and Road environment
1. PEDESTRIAN STRIKE ---------- 68 %
2. OVERTURN ------------------------ 13 %
3. FALL FROM VEHICLE --------- 6 %
4. ANIMAL STRIKE ----------------- 3 %
5. ALL OTHERS TOGATHER -----10 %
1. Pedestrians -------------- 48 %
2. Passengers --------------- 46 %
3. Drivers -------------------- 07 %
1. DRIVER ERROR --------------- 81%
2. VEHICLE ERROR -------------- 5%
3. PEDESTRIAN ERROR --------- 4%
4. ROAD + OTHERS ERROR --- 10%
Strengthening drivers’ training and testing procedure. The drivers’ training and testing procedures have been revised and strengthened to ensure improvement of the drivers’ skill. The revised procedures are now being implemented at all levels.
Defensive driving. Studies have shown that professional drivers’ cause most of the personnel injury accidents in the country. In order to improve their skills and behavior defensive driving program has been implemented in the training programs of professional drivers. Further, transport associations and organizations have been made aware of the need to establish a safety unit to cater for their safety improvement programs. Upto now some 10 such organizations have established such units in their organizational structure.
Strengthening the technical inspection of vehicles. The annual technical inspection procedure has been made more stringent and is being implemented starting this September. Further, random inspections on roadsides and at bus terminals have been implemented in 3 regions. Other regions are expected to follow up this development.
Children road safety education.The ministry of Education has developed and issued directives with intensive road safety syllabus in both the basic education and extra curriculum activities for all the primary schools to adopt for this education year. This procedure is in line with the national road safety program in schools.
Road safety publicity. At the national level one TV program and two radio programs are broadcasted each week to develop the road safety awareness of the public. Also a weekly radio program on road safety has been started by Amhara region. A zonal once a week radio program has also been started by Wolaita zone in the Southern region. Some 5.5 million people have also been given road safety briefings in 5 regional states in the previous year alone.
Targeted traffic law enforcement. Speed has been identified in the studies made as one of the major factors in road accidents involving personnel injuries. Preliminary results of a 4 months of test period have shown significant reduction in the percentage of violators. The traffic police of Oromia region has adopted this effective speed control system and is taking penalty actions along the major route to the southern part of the country. Additional radars will be purchased to intensify such controls.
Hazardous location identification. Studies have been made to identify the hazardous locations of Addis Ababa city and the major highways of the country. At present such a study for the Addis Ababa-Awassa road segment is near completion. Even at this state the result shows that this concept is very valuable in identifying the location with frequent accidents and designing the safety measures needed to reduce accidents.
Pedestrian awareness. The accident data shows that 68% of personnel injury accidents in our country involve pedestrians. Students have participated in some towns to educate pedestrians to take proper precautions to avoid road accidents. Others are following the examples of such towns. Ambo is one such town to be noted. It is also important to note that some of the regions have started to sensitize the communities along the highways to protect road signs and posts from vandalism and damage. Good examples in this relation are Dawro and South Omo zones in SNNP region, which not only sensitized the communities but also took measures to recover lost signs and in some cases brought to court the offenders.
The goal of the national road safety program is to bring the present fatality rate of 136 per 10,000 vehicles to 54 by the year 2010. The observed collaborative effort of the concerned private and government organizations at federal and regional levels and the concern of the public is a strong basis for the confidence that this target will be achieved.