Globalization and Poverty. Forthcoming, University of Chicago Press Ann Harrison, editor (UC Berkeley and NBER) www.nber.org/books/glob-pov. NBER Study: What is the relationship between globalization and poverty?. Definition of globalization trade (tariffs/trade shares)
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Forthcoming, University of Chicago Press
Ann Harrison, editor
(UC Berkeley and NBER)
While trade integration has increased, the incidence of poverty has declined (but not necessarily the absolute number of poor)
Summarizing: poverty has declined (but not necessarily the absolute number of poor)
In the last 2 decades, the percentage of the population living on less that 1 dollar a day fell from 40 to 22 percent
During this period, developing countries increased their trade shares and slashed their tariffs.
To what extent is increasing globalization responsible for the fall in the incidence of poverty?
I test for the following linkages:
(2) Growth and poverty. Poverty defined two ways:
- Percentage of households living on < 1 or 2 PPP dollars per day
- Income of poorest decile or quintile
(3) Openness and poverty
RIGHT: Shows NO Relationship between Trade Policy and Poverty
“Orthodox” view: in countries with a comparative advantage in exporting unskilled-intensive goods, unskilled or poor will gain more from trade than skilled workers
(Anne Krueger, Jagdish Bhagwati)
Why is this framework incorrect?
Exporters and foreign firms use skilled labor even in unskilled-labor rich countries
6. Bundling trade reform with complementary policies more likely to lead to gains for poor