Trs as measurement of tf customs experience in asia pacific
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TRS as Measurement of TF: Customs Experience in Asia Pacific Shujie ZHANG WCO Regional Office for Capacity Building (ROCB) For the WCO PICARD Conference 2009 Sep 28 – 30, 2009 San Jose, Costa Rica Why: Efficiency of Customs How to measure? control facilitation Collect revenue

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Trs as measurement of tf customs experience in asia pacific l.jpg

TRS as Measurement of TF: Customs Experience in Asia Pacific

Shujie ZHANG

WCO Regional Office for Capacity Building (ROCB)

For the WCO PICARD Conference 2009

Sep 28–30, 2009

San Jose, Costa Rica


Why efficiency of customs l.jpg
Why: Efficiency of Customs

How to measure?

control

facilitation

Collect revenue

Facilitate legitimate

trade

Protect domestic Ind.

Protect society

Secure trade security


Why complexity in i mportation l.jpg
Why: Complexity inImportation

Customs

Import License

Importer

Customs Broker

Border Police

Airlines

Quarantines

Shipping lines

Food sanitation

Agents

Port Authority

Forwarder

Warehouse

Immigration

Container Yards

Banks


Why stakeholders l.jpg
Why: Stakeholders

  • Simplified, transparent procedures

  • Efficient processing of legitimate trade flow

  • Reduced time and cost


Slide5 l.jpg

TRS: Image (sea)

Consumed

by

Shipping company

Shipping agent

Port Authority, etc.

Consumed

by

Port Authority

Container Yard

Warehouse,

Forwarder, etc.

Consumed

by

Importer,

Customs broker

Container Yard

OGAs, etc.

Consumed

by

Customs

Bank

Customs

broker

Ship Arrival

Unloading

Declaration

Permission

Delivery


What t rs timeline l.jpg
What: TRS Timeline

First TRS by Japan and US

TRS Guideline was reviewed & updated by WCO

1991

2001

2005

1994

TRS Software was developed by WCO and the World Bank

TRS was adopted by WCO


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Link to Other TF Indicators

Doing Business Index

Cross border

Time/

procedures

Logistics

Performance Index

Enabling Trade Index



Regional rollout phased approach l.jpg
Regional Rollout: Phased Approach

Initiation

Preparation

Data

Collection

Data

Analysis &

Report

Action

For

Improve-

ment



Regional rollout japan case l.jpg
Regional Rollout : Japan Case

  • Conduct regularly since 1991

  • Duration: 7 consecutive days

    (8th TRS: 13-19 March 2006)

  • Geographical Scope: All regional Customs

    (At least one sea port).

  • Types of goods: All cargoes.

  • Choice of Traffic: Sea and Air

  • Choice of Customs Office: 22 major sea

    ports and 4 major air ports.

Quantitative Evaluation (billion yen)

Source: Ministry of Finance, Japan (2004 year basis)


Regional rollout rocb role l.jpg
Regional Rollout: ROCB Role

  • TRS Workshop in Thailand (2006)

  • TRS Workshop in China (2006)

  • TRS Workshop in Lao PDR, in cooperation with World Bank (2008, 2009)

  • TRS Workshop for BIMP-EGGA (Mar.2009)

  • TRS Workshop for GMS EWEC (Jun.2009)

  • Developed “Regional Best Practice Compendium on TRS” (2007)


Regional rollout common findings l.jpg
Regional Rollout : Common findings

  • Customs may not be a significant impediment

  • Entities and variables on TTF are numerous and usually intertwined and inter-dependent

  • The private sector may be responsible for some delays

  • Regular conduct of a TRS


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Regional Rollout: Dilemmas

  • Customs only vs. whole process?

  • Look easy vs. actually difficult?

  • Standard-alone vs. integral?

  • Quantitative vs. qualitative?

  • Performance measurement or not?

  • Benchmarking tool or not?

  • The quicker, the better?


On successful trs l.jpg
On Successful TRS

  • Political will and concrete commitment should be in place.

  • Stakeholders’ buy-in should be obtained.

  • Project management approach should be adopted.

  • Defining types and components of clearance process is critical.

  • Principle of 3W & H should be followed.

  • Use findings properly and utilized wisely


Conclusions l.jpg
Conclusions

  • TRS can contribute to the continuous improvement of trade and transportation facilitation

  • The WCO Guideline should be adapted locally.

  • TRS incorporated into national TTF strategy and Customs modernization program

  • Capacity building is critical


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Shujie (Jack) ZHANG

Technical Attaché

WCO ROCB (Bangkok)

[email protected]

[email protected]


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