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UNESCO’s contribution to the implementation of the AU/CPA for science and technology Shamila Nair-Bedouelle Head of Unit, AU/CPA Implementation Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development, Natural sciences Sector, [email protected]

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UNESCO’s contribution to the

implementation of the AU/CPA for

science and technology

Shamila Nair-Bedouelle

Head of Unit, AU/CPA Implementation

Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development, Natural sciences Sector,

[email protected]


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Addis Declaration on S&T and Scientific Research for Development

  • called upon UNESCO to assist Member States and the AU to implement the Summit decision on S&T

  • UNESCO adopted 3 flagship projects, GA 2007:

  • - Capacity building in STI

  • - Enhancing ST education

  • - The African Virtual Campus


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    UN Regional Development Efforts Development

    1999

    • UN Secretary-General’s reform agenda

    • Coherence of activities of UN agencies

    • Regional consultation meetings (5 regions)

    • 5th Regional Consultation, May 2003 established

    • « UN Science and Technology Cluster »

    • UNESCO as Convener and UNECA as Vice Convener


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    UN S&T Cluster Development

    Established: 2003

    Members: 13 UN Agencies

    Activities

    Work closely with AU/NEPAD’s Plan of Action in Science

    Assist in preparation of First AMCOST 2003, Second and Third

    Contribution and support to the CPA

    Align Agency activities in support of the CPA


    African science technology and innovation policy initiative astipi l.jpg
    African Science Technology and Innovation Policy Initiative ASTIPI

    Objectives:

    • Review / formulate national STI policies for those African countries lacking STI policies

    • STI Policy Specialists trained

    • ASTIPI post graduate course designed and implemented


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    Current status of ASTIPI

    UNESCO STI policy review

    inAfrica

    STI Policies formulated

    STI Policy Reviews 2008-2009


    Unesco international review of s t statistics and indicators uis au nepad l.jpg
    UNESCO International Review of S&T Statistics and Indicators UIS + AU/NEPAD

    Objectives:

    • review priority science policy information needs

    • examine existing S&T statistical and indicator systems, build institutional capacities

    • promote adaptation and adoption of internationally compatible policy relevant STI indicators and methodologies

    • develop an African network for STI indicators.


    Countries that have participated in s t statistics workshops 2005 7 l.jpg

    Countries covered

    Countries covered but absent

    Countries not yet covered

    Countries not targeted

    Countries that have participated in S&T Statistics workshops 2005-7


    How many researchers are there researchers per million inhabitants latest available year l.jpg

    0 –100 per million

    101–300 per million

    301–1000 per million

    1001–2000 per million

    2001 per million and above

    Data not available

    How many researchers are there?Researchers per million inhabitants, latest available year

    Source: UIS, September 2007


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    African STI Observatoy

    • UNESCO-UIS-AUC/NEPAD

    • Performance of institutions and R&D activities

    • Map Africa wide STI capacity

      - Produce basic indicators

      - Human resources

      - Funding

      - Patents

      - Publications

      - Research institutions


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    Governance of Science: role of Parliament

    • The need for closer co-operation among policy-makers, parliamentarians, scientists, journalists, industry (public and private) and civil society;

    • The setting-up of parliamentary science committees in Africa

    • A first Parliamentary Science Forum took place in Brazzaville on 11-14 March 2008.


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    Women in Science

    International Report on S.T. and Gender 2007

    • ‘Statistics on Science, Technology and Gender (STG)’ with an Annex on statistical overview.

    • Collaboration with European Commission (Research Directorate-General) and a group of worldwide experts.

    • UNESCO will cooperate with AUC in the development of the Pan-African Association of African Women in Science and Technology (AAWOST)


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    UNESCO ’s

    University-Industry-Science Partnership

    UNISPAR (1993)

    • Capacity building in governance of S&T parks

    • World Technopolis Association (WTA)

    • International Association of Science Parks (IASP)

    • S&T Parks

      • economic and technological development complexes

      • promote STI and commercialization of research


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    UNESCO’s activities in promoting

    science and technology through

    the African Virtual Campus

    e learning

    M. Miloudi

    UNESCO, Natural sciences Sector,

    Division for Science Policies and Sustainable Development

    [email protected]


    The african virtual campus objectives l.jpg

    Contribute to building the capacities of the African States in ICT, science and technology

    Teachers trained in science, engineering and technology through e-learning

    Promoting technical and Vocational Education & Training

    Training of the human resources (middle / senior management)

    Teacher training in the secondary and primary levels

    Access to ICT infrastructure

    Adult learning, distance learning

    TheAfrican Virtual Campus Objectives


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    The Mediterranean Avicenna Virtual Campus (EU - UNESCO) in ICT, science and technology

    • A self-sustaining model which builds capacity in ICT infrastructure and e learning in 14 partner countries.

    • An appropriate solution for the development of education at different levels in line with the targets to 2015 of the UNESCO EFA programme


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    Avicenna - Main achievements in ICT, science and technology

    • 981 teachers/ tutors trained

    • 1500 blind students used the adapted online courses in 2007 (e-learning for blind students)

    • Avicenna Virtual Library shared by the partners;

    • 206 online modules of 20 hours each


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    Examples of Avicenna online courses produced in ICT, science and technology


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    Production process in ICT, science and technologyand Assurance Quality Control System (AQUAS)

    Quality-label request

    Scientific

    Council

    Control Committee

    (UNESCO)

    • Approval production

    • Modules selection

    • Agreement of production

    • Technical & Pedagogical

    • module Validation

    • Modules proposals

    • Agreement of production request

    • Quality-label request

    Modules with Quality -Label

    • Avicenna Modules

    • Technical & Pedagogical

    • Assistance

    • Modules Proposal

    • Modules Production

    AVICENNA

    VIRTUAL

    LIBRARY

    Local

    Universities

    MILOUDI  UNESCO/SC/PSD 2007


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    Avicenna Knowledge Centre (AKC) in ICT, science and technology

    or E-Learning Centre

    INTERNET

    Class Room

    Self Service

    Production Room

    Technical Room

    Administration

    & Information

    Meeting Room

    & Library

    Activities

    • Provide training sessions to the teachers on the engineering production of the online courses.

    • Provide training sessions for tutors and technical support and information for students;

    • Manage and Maintain the Virtual Library;

    • Develop relationships between the e-Learning centres of the regional network and also the centre is in charge for the development of the national virtual campus network.

    • Develop scientific groups through the network

    • Organise national seminars and dissemination activities

    • Provide support for the handicapped students (Blind and Deaf students)

    • E-Learning Centre Staff

    • Director

    • Educational Expert

    • Technical Expert

    • Technician

    • Secretary

    MILOUDI  UNESCO/SC/PSD 2007


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    Challenges in ICT, science and technology

    2008-2013

    • AFRICAN VIIRTUAL CAMPUS

    • - 54 Avicenna centres (5 regions)

    • Network will be used by all the

    • African universities

    • Project approved by the

    • UNESCO Executive Board and

    • GENERAL CONFERENCE (193 member states)


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    Project initiation development in ICT, science and technology

    • Development in 5 African regions: Northern, Western, Eastern, Central, and Southern

    • 1st centre initiated in Benin, July 2008

    • AVC training, West Africa Nov 2008

    • Funded by Spain and the EU ARAPKE

    • Extrabudgetary and regular project funding


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    Network of fully operational “e-Learning Avicenna Centres” one centre per African country;

    Specific online training in Sciences Policies and Science Technology and Innovation;

    An online “African Virtual Library in S&T” comprising online modules and teaching resource material;

    An African platform for the development of the African Virtual Campus to all African countries Teacher training National Campuses;

    Training:

    African experts trained in e-learning concept education (5 per centre - permanent staff);

    Teachers trained on the engineering production of online multimedia courses;

    Tutors trained in e-learning education methods;

    Large-scale student training

    Expected results


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    Conclusion Centres” one centre per African country;

    • UNESCO: instrument of international cooperation

    • International peace and development can thrive through collaboration and dialogue

    • Maximize science as a cultural value

    • AVCN: infrastructure, technology enhanced learning, and science and technology education extended to all countries in Africa


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