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Ways to study ethics. When values compete. Four fundamental values: Freedom; Equality; Justice; Respect for privacy and autonomy.

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Ways to study ethics

Ways to study ethics

When values compete


When values compete

Four fundamental values:

  • Freedom;

  • Equality;

  • Justice;

  • Respect for privacy and autonomy.

  • These values conflict. In the old “Star Trek” television series, the “prime directive” required no interference in other cultures. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mH-L6UCCAE]

  • But what if another culture’s values so conflict with our own that we conclude they are evil? Is this why we fought against the Taliban? Against Saddam Hussein? Against Hitler?

When values compete


When values compete1

When values compete


When values compete2

Philosophers after Socrates divided ethics study into three areas:

  • Metaethics.

  • Normative ethics.

  • Applied ethics.

When values compete


When values compete3

When values compete


When values compete4

Attitudes, based on values, have three components: values conflict.

  • Affective;

  • Cognitive;

  • Behavioral.

When values compete


When values compete5

When values compete


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When values compete


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What about you? religion, friends, co-workers, the media.

  • Consider a value you hold: equality, justice, respect for privacy, do not lie, kindness, etc.

  • Where do you think your value came from? Parents, teachers, religion, media?

  • How do your attitudes reflect your value, affective, cognitive and behavioral?

  • Have you ever had difficulty with your value conflicting with others?

When values compete


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