Ways to study ethics
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 9

Ways to study ethics PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 77 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Ways to study ethics. When values compete. Four fundamental values: Freedom; Equality; Justice; Respect for privacy and autonomy.

Download Presentation

Ways to study ethics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Ways to study ethics

Ways to study ethics

When values compete


When values compete

Four fundamental values:

  • Freedom;

  • Equality;

  • Justice;

  • Respect for privacy and autonomy.

  • These values conflict. In the old “Star Trek” television series, the “prime directive” required no interference in other cultures. [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4mH-L6UCCAE]

  • But what if another culture’s values so conflict with our own that we conclude they are evil? Is this why we fought against the Taliban? Against Saddam Hussein? Against Hitler?

When values compete


When values compete1

  • Socrates considered Such ethical values more than two thousand years ago.

  • What is good?

  • What is just?

  • He said to behave ethically would inevitably lead to conflicts.

When values compete


When values compete2

Philosophers after Socrates divided ethics study into three areas:

  • Metaethics.

  • Normative ethics.

  • Applied ethics.

When values compete


When values compete3

  • Often coming up with the right answer is difficult because values conflict.

  • Our values govern our attitude.

    Examples:

  • Individual privacy vs. right to know what officials are doing.

  • Sanctity of life (anti-abortion) vs. individual autonomy (pro-abortion).

When values compete


When values compete4

Attitudes, based on values, have three components:

  • Affective;

  • Cognitive;

  • Behavioral.

When values compete


When values compete5

  • Where do we get values and attitudes? Everywhere: parents, religion, friends, co-workers, the media.

  • The famous “Heinz Dilemma” indicates how they can conflict.

When values compete


When values compete6

  • These conflicts happen often in our own lives.

  • How about an instructor’s grade dilemma?

When values compete


When values compete7

What about you?

  • Consider a value you hold: equality, justice, respect for privacy, do not lie, kindness, etc.

  • Where do you think your value came from? Parents, teachers, religion, media?

  • How do your attitudes reflect your value, affective, cognitive and behavioral?

  • Have you ever had difficulty with your value conflicting with others?

When values compete


  • Login