Blood
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Blood. Components of Blood. Whole blood RBCs WBCs Platelets: cell fragments that aid in clotting Plasma 90% water (allows materials to dissolve) Amino acids, glucose, hormones, vitamins, salts, waste Concentrations allows diffusion in/out of blood stream. Click picture to play.

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Blood

Blood


Components of blood

Components of Blood

  • Whole blood

    • RBCs

    • WBCs

    • Platelets: cell fragments that aid in clotting

  • Plasma

    • 90% water (allows materials to dissolve)

    • Amino acids, glucose, hormones, vitamins, salts, waste

    • Concentrations allows diffusion in/out of blood stream


Blood

Click picture to play


Red blood cells

Red Blood Cells

  • Produced from stem cells in bone marrow

  • Lose nucleus as they mature

  • Transport O2 to cells; remove CO2

  • O2 binds to hemoglobin proteins

  • Dead cells filtered by liver & spleen


Blood

Sickle Cell

Normal


White blood cells

White Blood Cells

  • Remove foreign invaders & dead cells

  • Able to move through body tissue


Platelets

Platelets

  • Form clots when bleeding

  • Proteins form a web to trap cells & platelets


Abo blood groups

ABO Blood Groups

  • Proteins on blood cells determine blood type

  • Antigen (markers)

    • proteins on cell’s surface that identify cells as foreign or natural

  • Antibodies:

    • proteins from B cells to attack invaders

    • Float freely in plasma


Group a blood

Group A blood

  • A antigens on the surface of your RBCs

  • B antibodies in your blood plasma


Group b blood

Group B blood

  • B antigens on the surface of your RBCs

  • A antibodies in your blood plasma


Group ab blood

Group AB blood

  • Both A and B antigens on the surface of your RBCs

  • Neither A or B antibodies in your blood plasma


Group o blood

Group O blood

  • Neither A or B antigens on the surface of your RBCs

  • Both A and B antibodies in your blood plasma


Blood

If you have type A blood, can you receive:

Type B blood from a donor?

Type AB blood from a donor?

Type O blood from a donor?


Blood

If you have type B blood, can you receive:

Type A blood from a donor?

Type AB blood from a donor?

Type O blood from a donor?


Blood

If you have type AB blood, can you receive:

Type A blood from a donor?

Type B blood from a donor?

Type O blood from a donor?


Blood

If you have type O blood, can you receive:

Type A blood from a donor?

Type B blood from a donor?

Type AB blood from a donor?


Rh factors

Rh Factors

  • If Rh+

    • Protein found in blood

    • Can receive Rh+ or Rh- blood

  • If Rh-

    • Lack protein in blood

    • Only receive Rh- blood


Francis was just in a bad accident and lost a lot of blood he is blood type b can you help save him

Francis was just in a bad accident and lost a lot of blood. He is blood type B+. Can you help save him?


Blood type b

Blood type B+

Antigens: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept b blood

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept B+ blood?

Yes. The A antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept b blood1

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept B- blood?

Yes. The A antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept a blood

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept A+ blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept a blood1

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept A- blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept ab blood

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept AB+ blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept ab blood1

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

AB-

A antigens

B antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept AB- blood?

No. The A antibodies will attack the A antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept o blood

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept O+ blood?

Yes. The A antibodies won’t attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


This person has b blood type because of the b and rh antigens can he accept o blood1

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

This person has B+ blood type because of the B and Rh antigensCan he accept O- blood?

Yes. The A antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

Vein

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

A antibody


Blood

Sebastian was just involved in an accident at work and lost a lot of blood. He is blood type A-. Can you help save him?


Blood type a

Blood type A-

Antigens: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does he have?

A

B

Rh


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept a blood

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept A- blood?

Yes. The B and Rh antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept a blood1

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

A+

A antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept A+ blood?

No. The Rh antibodies will attack the Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept b blood

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

B-

B antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept B- blood?

No. The B antibodies will attack the B antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept b blood1

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

B+

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept B+ blood?

No. Both B and Rh antibodies will attack the B and Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept ab blood

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

AB-

A antigens

B antigen

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept AB- blood?

No. The B antibodies will attack the B antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept ab blood1

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

AB+

A antigens

B antigens

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept AB+ blood?

No. Both B and Rh antibodies will attack the B and Rh antigens. This will cause the blood cells to clump, thus stopping blood flow. This person may die.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept o blood

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

O-

No antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept O- blood?

Yes. The antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


This person has a blood type because of the a antigen can he accept o blood1

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

O+

Rh antigens

This person has A- blood type because of the A antigenCan he accept O+ blood?

Yes. The antibodies will not attack. Therefore, no clumping of blood cells will occur.

A-

A antigens

B antibody

Rh antibody

A-

A antigens

A-

A antigens

Rh antibody

B antibody


Blood type ab

Blood type AB+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh


Blood type o

Blood type O+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh


Blood type ab1

Blood type AB-

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh


Blood type b1

Blood type B+

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh


Blood type o1

Blood type O-

Antigens: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh

Antibodies: Which does they have?

A

B

Rh


Can this work

Can this work?

  • Acceptor

    1. O-

    2. A+

    3. AB-

  • Donor

  • AB-

  • 2. A-

  • 3. B-


1 can this work

1) Can this work?

  • Acceptor

    O-

  • Donor

  • AB-

No! The AB antibodies

attack the donors blood.

Blood type O can only receive

Blood type O.


2 can this work

2) Can this work?

  • Acceptor

    A+

  • Donor

  • A-

Yes! There are no Rh antigens

on the donors blood cells.


3 can this work

3) Can this work?

  • Acceptor

    AB-

  • Donor

  • B-

Yes! The AB patients can receive

any blood type. And, both people

do not have Rh antibodies.


Kobe kuiz

Kobe Kuiz

  • What are the components found inside blood?

  • What are the ingredients of plasma?

  • What is the purpose/function of RBCs?

  • Which part of blood stop bleeding when cut?

  • What do antibodies bind with?

  • If a person has type AB-, which antigens do they possess? Which antibodies?

  • If a person has type O+, which antigens do they possess? Which antibodies?

  • If a person is type A-, list all the blood types this person can receive in a transfusion.

  • If a person is type O-, list all the blood types this person can receive in a transfusion.


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