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Health, Behaviors & The teenage brain. Mary Markowski. What are your thoughts on this?. What does it mean to be healthy? What/who impacts our health? Is health important to you? Why/why not?. Health

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Health behaviors the teenage brain
Health, Behaviors &The teenage brain

Mary Markowski

What are your thoughts on this
What are your thoughts on this?

  • What does it mean to be healthy?

  • What/who impacts our health?

  • Is health important to you? Why/why not?

Review of key definitions

  • Health

    • "a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity"

      • Who would you describe as “healthy”? Why?

  • Wellness

    • Behaviors an individual chooses that helps determine one’s health

      • Which wellness choices you have made today?

        • Physically

        • Socially

        • Emotionally

  • Review of Key Definitions

    Remember the 4 main influences on health
    Remember the 4 main influences on health?

    • Heredity

    • Environment

    • Behavior

    • Culture

    • Which do we have the most control over?


    • Choices we make EVERY DAY

    • They will bring us closer or further away from health

      • at least 51% of all deaths are a direct result of our choices in our lives

      • Bottom line: Choose healthy behaviors OR deal with the consequences.

    Behavior and choices
    Behavior and choices

    • Think of all the little and big decisions you have made within:

      • The past 24 hours

      • The past week

      • The past year

      • They all add up to

      • shape our life!

    Top 10 wellness behaviors that promote good health

    Getting 8-10 hours of sleep each night (9-13 hours for teens)‏

    Eating a healthy breakfast

    Eating a variety of healthy foods each day

    Being physically active 60 minutes per day; 6 or more days per week.

    Maintain a healthy weight

    Avoid tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs

    Abstaining from sexually activity (or use a condom)

    Managing stress in a healthy way

    Have positive relationships

    Practice safe behaviors to prevent injuries

    Top 10 Wellness Behaviorsthat promote good health

    Let s talk
    Let’s talk teens)‏

    • So if this is all we need to do to be healthy, and health is important to us, why don’t we always do these 10 simple things?

    Why? teens)‏

    Teen brain differences
    Teen brain Differences teens)‏

    • 1. Prefrontal cortex (decision making) not fully developed yet

      • Tough to make good, logical decisions for the long term

    • 2. Amygdala (seeks pleasure and avoids pain) is swollen

      • so it’s sensitive to new, exciting experiences and overreacts to negative experiences

      • Makes Addictions PEAK now!!!!!

    • 3. Brain is STILL GROWING as a whole

      • usually finishes growing by age _____

    • Bottom Line: TEENS are PHYSIOLOGICALLY impaired

    • HEALTHY DECISIONS are more difficult to make now

    Making decisions in our lives
    Making Decisions in our lives teens)‏

    • SO, now that we know about the brain and how it impacts our choices/behaviors,

    • What can we do to make better choices for ourselves?

    • Focus on what we CAN control!

    Healthy decision making process
    Healthy Decision Making Process teens)‏

    • Identify decision to be made

    • Think about options.

    • **Predict consequences of each option.

      • Advantages/Disadvantages or a Pro/Con list

      • Is it against the law school or family rules, or teachings of my religion?

      • Is it harmful to me or others?

      • Would it disappoint my family or other adults important to me?

      • Would I be hurt or upset if someone did this to me?

  • Choose best option.

  • Do it.

  • **Rethink your decision

    • How did things turn out? You can always decide differently and learn from experieinces!.

  • Practicing healthy decision making process
    Practicing healthy decision making process teens)‏

    • You (or your partner) gets pregnant and does not know what to do.

    • • You want to drop out of school.

    • • You are really angry and hurt at your best friend and want to “tell them off”.

    • • You feel pressured into having sex with a boyfriend/girlfriend.

    Summary of what we know so far
    Summary of what we know so far teens)‏

    • - Behavior is the most significant part of our health

    • We are in control of our behavior

    • We make tons of behavior decisions each day

    • Our brains are still growing and that impacts behavior/decisions

    • We can choose to think about our reaction (use the healthy decision making process)….or not

    • So let’s put this to use!

    Decision making and goal setting making it real
    Decision making and goal setting – making it real teens)‏

    • .If you have made mistakes, there is always another chance for you.

    • You may have a fresh start any moment you choose, for this thing we

    • call .failure. is not the falling down, but the staying down..”

    • - Mary Pickford

    • Research shows that people who use goal-setting effectively suffer less from stress, are better able to concentrate,

    • show more self-confidence, and seem to feel happier. (Baylor University, 2012)

    • Let’s each set specific goals throughout the semester and help each other achieve those goals.

    Let s play a game wants
    Let’s play a game: “wants” teens)‏

    • In your journals, write “WANTS” and date it 1/31/13

    • I’m going to give you about 60 seconds to write down everything and anything you want to achieve in your life

    • Include short term and long term “wants”

    • Somet things to think about:

    • - physical health (eating and exercise)

    • - career/education goals

    • - people you admire and want to be like

    • - happiness/peace/excitement

    • - family/friend relationships

    • - romance/marriage/partnership

    • - where to live

    • - hobbies/sports

    • - ways to deal with stress

    Let s figure out how we can achieve those things we want
    Let’s figure out how we can achieve those things we want! teens)‏

    • Pick your top 3

    • Pick the most important one to focus on TODAY

    S m a r t goals and behaviors
    S.m.a.r.t. Goals and behaviors teens)‏

    • Specific

    • A SMART goal identifies a specific action or event that will take place.

    • Measurable

    • The description of a SMART and the outcome should be quantifiable.

    • Achievable

    • A SMART goal should be attainable given available resources.

    • Realistic

    • A SMART goal should require you to stretch some beyond your normal

    • routine and regular abilities, but allow for likely success.

    • Timely

    • A SMART goal should have a time period when it will be accomplished