Aging
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Aging. Childhood: A New Phenomenon?. What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of “ childhood ” or “ children ” ? History of Childhood Until the 19 th century “ Spare the rod, spoil the child ” Child labor Is it wrong? High infant mortality Cold, removed attitude

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Childhood a new phenomenon
Childhood: A New Phenomenon?

  • What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of “childhood” or “children”?

  • History of Childhood

    • Until the 19th century

      • “Spare the rod, spoil the child”

      • Child labor

        • Is it wrong?

      • High infant mortality

      • Cold, removed attitude

      • Wet nursing


Adolescence
Adolescence

  • Adolescence: the period between the onset of puberty and adulthood

    • A SOCIAL stage

    • Not a child, but not an adult

    • Not all societies have adolescence

  • Puberty: Physical maturing of an individual capable of sexual reproduction


American adolescence
American Adolescence

  • Education

  • Labor force exclusion

  • Juvenile justice system


Characteristics of adolescence
Characteristics of Adolescence

  • Biological Growth

  • Undefined Status

  • Increased Decision Making

  • Increased Pressure

  • Search for Self

    • Eriksonian Stage?


Discuss
Discuss…

  • Is it easier to be a teen or an adult? Why

  • Is it easier or harder to be a teen today than it was 50 years ago? Why?

  • Are teens today moral and responsible enough to be treated legally like adults?

  • Are teens “oversexed” today?

  • Are teens hypocritical regarding sex, drugs, and religion?


Adulthood male development
Adulthood (Male Development)

1. Early Adult (17-22)

  • College—leave home

  • Still financial support from home

    2. Entering the Adult World (23-27)

  • Exploring occupations and relationships

  • Gaining stability and independence

    3. Age 30 Transition (28-32)

  • Career changes

  • Settling down / planning for the future


More adulthood
More Adulthood…

4. Setting Down (33-39)

  • Establish self in career

  • Starting a family

    5. Mid-Life Transition (40-44)

  • Self examination

  • Take stock of accomplishments

  • Mid-Life Crisis


Adulthood for females
Adulthood for Females

Phase 1: Leaving the family

  • Search for career or to begin family

  • Marriage takes priority

    Phase 2: Entering the Adult World

  • Family established

  • Job advancement ends

    Phase 3: Entering the Adult World Again

  • “Empty Nest”

  • Return to the workforce after the kids leave


Late adulthood
Late Adulthood

Gerontology: the study of the aging process

  • What happens when we get old?

  • The significance of physical change—again

    Groups of the Elderly

    1. Young-Old

    • Age 65-74

    • Retirement—good or bad?

    • Free time and hobbies

    • Still in relatively good health


2. Middle-Old

  • Age 75-84

  • Death of a spouse

  • Health becomes an important issue

    3. Old-Old

  • Age 85 and up

  • Reflection on life

  • Dealing with death and dependency


The right to die murder or compassion
The Right to Die: Murder or Compassion?

  • Euthanasia: the intentional killing (by act or omission) of a dependant human being for his or her alleged benefit

    • Active: doing something that kills the person

    • Passive: withholding a service that the person needs to survive

  • Assisted Suicide: Providing someone with the means to kill themselves


History
History

  • Illegal in the US until 1975 (Karen Quinlan)

  • Supreme Court allowed termination of life support in 1990

  • Jack Kevorkian

    • “Dr. Death”

    • Helped over 100 people kill themselves

    • Now serving time in jail for murder

  • Hemlock Society

  • Oregon (1994)


The debate
The Debate

Reasons ForReasons Against

Ethical “Playing God”

Merciful Medical Misdiagnosis

Personal Choice Pressure / Persuasion

Doctors save, not kill


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