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Aging. Childhood: A New Phenomenon?. What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of “ childhood ” or “ children ” ? History of Childhood Until the 19 th century “ Spare the rod, spoil the child ” Child labor Is it wrong? High infant mortality Cold, removed attitude

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Presentation Transcript
childhood a new phenomenon
Childhood: A New Phenomenon?
  • What is the first thing that comes to mind when you think of “childhood” or “children”?
  • History of Childhood
    • Until the 19th century
      • “Spare the rod, spoil the child”
      • Child labor
        • Is it wrong?
      • High infant mortality
      • Cold, removed attitude
      • Wet nursing
adolescence
Adolescence
  • Adolescence: the period between the onset of puberty and adulthood
    • A SOCIAL stage
    • Not a child, but not an adult
    • Not all societies have adolescence
  • Puberty: Physical maturing of an individual capable of sexual reproduction
american adolescence
American Adolescence
  • Education
  • Labor force exclusion
  • Juvenile justice system
characteristics of adolescence
Characteristics of Adolescence
  • Biological Growth
  • Undefined Status
  • Increased Decision Making
  • Increased Pressure
  • Search for Self
    • Eriksonian Stage?
discuss
Discuss…
  • Is it easier to be a teen or an adult? Why
  • Is it easier or harder to be a teen today than it was 50 years ago? Why?
  • Are teens today moral and responsible enough to be treated legally like adults?
  • Are teens “oversexed” today?
  • Are teens hypocritical regarding sex, drugs, and religion?
adulthood male development
Adulthood (Male Development)

1. Early Adult (17-22)

  • College—leave home
  • Still financial support from home

2. Entering the Adult World (23-27)

  • Exploring occupations and relationships
  • Gaining stability and independence

3. Age 30 Transition (28-32)

  • Career changes
  • Settling down / planning for the future
more adulthood
More Adulthood…

4. Setting Down (33-39)

  • Establish self in career
  • Starting a family

5. Mid-Life Transition (40-44)

  • Self examination
  • Take stock of accomplishments
  • Mid-Life Crisis
adulthood for females
Adulthood for Females

Phase 1: Leaving the family

  • Search for career or to begin family
  • Marriage takes priority

Phase 2: Entering the Adult World

  • Family established
  • Job advancement ends

Phase 3: Entering the Adult World Again

  • “Empty Nest”
  • Return to the workforce after the kids leave
late adulthood
Late Adulthood

Gerontology: the study of the aging process

  • What happens when we get old?
  • The significance of physical change—again

Groups of the Elderly

1. Young-Old

    • Age 65-74
    • Retirement—good or bad?
    • Free time and hobbies
    • Still in relatively good health
slide16
2. Middle-Old
  • Age 75-84
  • Death of a spouse
  • Health becomes an important issue

3. Old-Old

  • Age 85 and up
  • Reflection on life
  • Dealing with death and dependency
the right to die murder or compassion
The Right to Die: Murder or Compassion?
  • Euthanasia: the intentional killing (by act or omission) of a dependant human being for his or her alleged benefit
    • Active: doing something that kills the person
    • Passive: withholding a service that the person needs to survive
  • Assisted Suicide: Providing someone with the means to kill themselves
history
History
  • Illegal in the US until 1975 (Karen Quinlan)
  • Supreme Court allowed termination of life support in 1990
  • Jack Kevorkian
    • “Dr. Death”
    • Helped over 100 people kill themselves
    • Now serving time in jail for murder
  • Hemlock Society
  • Oregon (1994)
the debate
The Debate

Reasons ForReasons Against

Ethical “Playing God”

Merciful Medical Misdiagnosis

Personal Choice Pressure / Persuasion

Doctors save, not kill

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