Simplified risk paradigm (top) and conceptual model (bottom) relating aging-related sources and stressors to ecological effects. A Framework for Research on the Impacts of an Aging Society on Ecology and Environmental Quality
Simplified risk paradigm (top) and conceptual model (bottom) relating aging-related sources and stressors to ecological effects.
A Framework for Research on the Impacts of an Aging Society on Ecology and Environmental Quality
P. Bradley, W. Munns, J. Orme-Zaveleta, A. Geller, L. Jackson1, B. Smith, D. Bauer2, B. van Akkeren3
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, 1NHEERL, 2NCER;3OPEI
Impact and Outcomes
Aging Americans: Impacts on Ecology and Environmental Quality August 10-12, 2004
A peer-reviewed workshop proceedings is being developed. The following background material, recommended methods, and recommended research directions are from the Workshop
As the population ages, how will changes in, e.g., housing, recreation, transportation needs, waste handling and health care requirements affect natural resource utilization, land-use planning, and environmental quality, and how will these interact with human health?
What are the environmental stressors associated with retirement in-place versus relocation to communities at the far edges of existing communities, expanding into rural areas and otherwise pristine areas?
Research should adhere to the following tenets:
- Local, state, federal agencies - Private sector
- Aging community stakeholders - Universities - NGOs
- Process development
- Facilitation of interactions and communications with stakeholders
- Implementation of appropriate policies and management actions emerging from the process
There is broad agreement that:
EPA should consider the following research :
Del Webb. 2003. Baby boomer report -- annual opinion survey. Pulte Homes, Inc., Del Webb and the Baby Boomer Report.
Department of Health and Human Services. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2003. Trends in aging -- United States and worldwide. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Vol. 52. No. 6.
Frey, William H. 2003. Boomers and seniors in the suburbs: aging patterns in Census 2000. The Brookings Institution, Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, the Living Census Series.
Longino, C.F., Perzynksi, A.T. and Stoller, E.P. 2002. Pandora’s briefcase: unpacking the retirement migration decision, Research on Aging. 24, 29-49.
Longino, C.F., Jr. and Fox, R.A. 1995. Retirement migration in America: an analysis of the size, trends, and economic impact of the country’s newest growth industry. Vacation Publications, Inc.
Roper Starch Worldwide, Inc. for AARP. 2004. Baby boomers envision their retirement II: survey of baby boomers’ expectations for retirement. http://research.aarp.org/econ/boomers_envision.html
Tonn, B., Waidely, G., and Petrich, C. 2001. The aging U.S. population and environmental policy. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management. 44(6), 851-876.
U.S. EPA. 2004. Proceedings of the Aging Americans: Impacts on Ecology and Environmental Quality Workshop. In print.
Wackernagel, M. and Rees, W.R. 1996. Our ecological footprint: reducing human impact on the Earth. New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, B.C.
Wright, S. 1999. The FANBY dynamic: The potential and future of retirement “hot spots” in the West. Sustainable Communities Review. 3, 6-11.
Wright, S., and Lund, D. 2000. Grey and green? Stewardship and sustainability in an aging society. Journal of Aging Studies. 14, 229-249.
Ecological research at EPA is structured around the ecological risk assessment process: