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US Programs and Possibilities Workshop on Biomedical Informatics and Collaboration March 18-19, 2004 Sylvia Spengler, US National Science Foundation Talk Outline Introduction to NSF Challenges and Opportunities for Research Collaborations The President of the United States Office of

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US Programs and Possibilities

Workshop on Biomedical Informatics and Collaboration

March 18-19, 2004

Sylvia Spengler, US National Science Foundation


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Talk Outline

  • Introduction to NSF

  • Challenges and Opportunities for Research Collaborations

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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The President

of the

United States

Office of

Science Advisor

Other Boards,

Management

Councils, Etc.

Office of

and Budget

Science &

Technology Policy

Agriculture

Health &

Interior

Transportation

Defense

Energy

Commerce

Human Services

National

National

Environmental

Smithsonian

Nuclear

Other

Science

Aeronautic

Protection

Institution

Regulatory

Agencies

Foundation

& Space

Agency

Commission

Administration

NSF-9


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NSF’s Mission

  • To promote the progress of science; to advance the national health, prosperity, and welfare; and to secure the national defense.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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NSF’s Mission (2)

  • External mission – “advance national prosperity and welfare:”

    • To address complex, interdependent and changing societal problems

    • E.G., IT workforce, changing atmosphere, global economy, terrorism, homeland security

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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NSF’s Mission (3)

  • Scientific mission – “promote the progress of science:”

    • Marburger (scientific advisor to the president)-- science based science policy: “discovery and the creation of new technologies are unlikely to emerge from mandates in service to a particular social issue”

    • “Seize the greatest opportunities science is creating for discovery and the improvement of the human condition”

    • Number of scientific fields are exploding (8,530 in 1987), many from new interdisciplinary areas

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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National Science Board

Office of Inspector General

National Science Foundation

Director Deputy Director

  • Office of the Director

  • Legislative & Public Affairs

  • Equal Opportunity Programs

  • General Counsel

  • Integrative Activities

  • Polar Programs

  • Directorates

  • Biological Sciences

  • Computer & Information Science & Engineering

  • Education & Human Resources

  • Engineering

  • Geosciences

  • Mathematical & Physical Sciences

  • Social, Behaviorial & Economic Sciences

  • Offices

  • Budget, Finance & Award Management

  • Information & Resource Management

33


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CISE Organization: 2004Peter Freeman, AD

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Computing & Communication FoundationsKamal Abdali, Division Director

Support research and education activities to explore the foundations of computing and communication devices and their usage.

Advance computing and communication theory, algorithms for computer and computational sciences, and architecture and design of computers and software.

Investigate revolutionary computing paradigms based on emerging scientific ideas and technologies.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Computer & Network SystemsGreg Andrews, Division Director

  • CNS supports research and education activities that invent new computing and networking technologies and that explore new ways to make use of existing technologies. The Division seeks to develop a better understanding of the fundamental properties of computer and network systems and to create better abstractions and tools for designing, building, analyzing, and measuring future systems.

  • CNS also supports the computing infrastructure that is required for experimental computer science.

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Division of Shared CyberinfrastructureSangtae Kim, Division Director

Supports design, development and deployment of

one coherent set of interconnected computational engines, data repositories, digital libraries, sensors and field-specific instruments known as cyberinfrastructure. Such resources are widely shared across multiple scientific and engineering domains

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Information and Intelligent SystemsMichael Pazzani, Division Director

  • increase the capabilities of human beings and machines to create, discover and reason with knowledge

  • advance the ability to represent, collect, store, organize, locate, visualize and communicate information

  • reveal how empirical data leads to discovery in the sciences and engineering

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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The Collaboration Challenge

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Collaboration Benefits ( Venice, October 2001)

  • Large-scale, global research challenges can be addressed

  • Exchange/gain expertise and knowledge

  • New perspectives on the research phenomenon

  • Economies of scope and scale

  • Sustainability of research efforts

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Examples of Collaboration

  • US grantees & EC Contractors

    • Grantee workshops and conferences for agenda setting and future collaborations

      • E-business, e-work (2001, 2002 in Europe)

      • Open Source Software (2002 in US & Europe)

      • Critical Infrastructure Protection (1998, 2000, 2002 in Europe and US)

      • Embedded Systems (2001, 2002, 2003)

    • Joint programs

      • Multi-lingual information access and management (1999)

    • NSF supplements to grants

      • For US researchers to work jointly with IST projects

      • For researchers to hold joint workshops

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Examples of Collaboration

  • Organization to Organization

    • Increasing invitations to workshops and conferences

      • Ework, ebusiness, eChallenges (2001, 2002, 2003)

      • Transforming Enterprise (2002)

      • Connecting Research and Policy (2002, Feb. 2004)

      • 2nd International Conference on Economic and Social Implications of IT (2005)

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Persistent Issues

  • Intellectual Property Rights

  • Timing of collaborations

  • Timing of actual award

  • Oversight and management from the funding perspective

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Distance matters”

  • Difficult to establish mutual regard and common ground, increased misunderstanding (Cramton, 2001)

  • Delays in project schedule (Herbsleb et al., 2000) and poor monitoring of progress (Weisband 2001)

  • Information and awareness distributed unevenly (Olson et al, 2001)

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Future Collaboration

  • A lot of models, many creative approaches

  • Many emerging areas of collaboration

    • Digital Government

    • Cyberinfrastructure

    • Cybertrust

    • Critical Infrastructure Protection, Embedded Systems

    • Digital Society

    • E-health

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Mechanisms of Collaboration

  • Supplements to US awards and modifications in scope of work in EC projects; the example of ITR at NSF. Other possibilities?

  • A Model Joint Partnership Agreement

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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A Model Agreement

  • EU-USA, Agreement for Scientific and Technical Collaboration between the European Community and the United States of America, December 1997

  • An Implementing Arrangement for Cooperative Activity in the Area of Environmental Research, 2001

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Elements of the Model

  • Scope

  • Duration

  • Management of the Partnership (overall and scientific

  • Information Management (publications, website)

  • Confidentiality

  • Intellectual Property

  • Handling and Use of Data

  • Dispute Resolution

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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Other Ideas?

Computer and Information Science and Engineering Directorate


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