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 Community-driven development (CDD)  REGIONAL WORKSHOP 14-17 March 2006 New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana. Outcomes of the Electronic Conference. 7 Main themes Definition Principles CDD Menu Institutions and CDD Targeting Monitoring and Evaluation in CDD Local Tax System.

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Community-driven development (CDD)REGIONAL WORKSHOP14-17 March 2006New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana


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Outcomes of the Electronic Conference

7 Main themes

  • Definition

  • Principles

  • CDD Menu

  • Institutions and CDD

  • Targeting

  • Monitoring and Evaluation in CDD

  • Local Tax System


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Definition

  • Aim:

    • Building long term processes for sustainable poverty reduction

    • Enabling the community to participate in their own development

  • Definition still not clear

  • Unanswered questions

    Is it a way to correct government or market failure?

    Is it a self-help approach to accelerate access to public goods and services?


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Principles

CDD should

  • Be complementary with local government

  • Accompany the decision making transfer to local democratic organizations

    Unanswered questions

  • What to do when the policy and institutional environment is unsupportive?

  • How to meet community preferences for concrete and early results?

  • Is there a trade-off between impact and longer-term sustainability of institutional and participatory processes?


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    Institutional Matters

    • Need for a supportive institutional environment, transparent and accountable

    • Questions:

      • Which kind of relationship should exist between CDD and local government?

      • What kind of process should be used:

        • long decentralisation processes

        • short processes as NGO led

    • Response:

      • A coalition of countervailing powers may be desirable to have more equity, more sustainability and more transparency.


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    Menu

    • Many questions, Few answers

    • Which components, activities are project led or demand driven?

    • We agreed that

      • Menu can not be fully open

      • The content of the Menu varies in different situation

      • There can not be blueprint for the Menu

    • Remaining question

      How to make sure thatcommunitiesare not be penalized for their illiteracy/semi-literacy or their poverty?


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    Targeting

    • Main issues emerging from the discussion

      • Is it the role of CDD to target the poorest?

      • Targeting needs to be done in ways that differ from conventional projects

    • Question remaining

      How to get community commitment without setting unaffordable contributions that would militate against poorer communities?


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    Monitoring, Evaluation and Supervision in CDD

    • Main Issues

      • More important at local level for CDD

      • More expensive than for other projects

      • Still difficult to link to short term qualitative identifiable results


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    Local Tax System

    • Fiscal Decentralization as a mean to confer financial autonomy to communities

    • Problems

      • Capacity to raise taxes at lower level

      • Lack of confidence of citizens in the good use of the money

    • Need for more transparency

    • Unanswered question

      • How to implement fiscal decentralization?

      • How to make transfer of public resources more equitable within a country?


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    Community-driven development (CDD)REGIONAL WORKSHOP14-17 March 2006New Coco Beach Resort - Accra, Ghana


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