Cloud computing
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Cloud Computing. Disruptive Innovation & Enabling Technology. Authors: John Keagy (CEO & Co-Founder of GoGrid/ServePath) Michael Sheehan (Technology Evangelist of GoGrid/ServePath) Paul Lancaster (Business Development Manager for GoGrid/ServePath) August 2008.

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Cloud Computing

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Cloud computing

Cloud Computing

Disruptive Innovation &Enabling Technology

Authors:

John Keagy (CEO & Co-Founder of GoGrid/ServePath)

Michael Sheehan (Technology Evangelist of GoGrid/ServePath)

Paul Lancaster (Business Development Manager for GoGrid/ServePath)

August 2008


The cloud 10x improvements

The “Cloud” = 10X Improvements

  • Ease of Use

  • Scalability

  • Risk

  • Reliability

  • Cost


Ease of use

Ease of Use

  • Deploy infrastructure with a mouse or API

    • No cabling, screwdrivers, racking, unboxing, buying

    • Middle of the night

    • Do it yourself remotely from anywhere anytime


Scalability

Scalability

  • See Ease of Use

  • Control your infrastructure with your app

  • Nothing to purchase and take delivery on

  • Instant


Cloud computing

Risk

  • Nothing to buy

  • Cancel immediately

  • Change instantly, even operating systems

  • Throw it out

  • Rebuild it instantly after testing

RISK


Reliability

Reliability

  • Based on enterprise grade hardware

  • Design for failures:

    • Automatically spin up replacements

    • Use multiple clouds


Cloud computing

Cost

  • “Turn off the lights” = turn off servers you aren’t using

    • Ex: Turn off development and test environments

  • Pay for only what you use

  • No need to buy in advance

  • Zero Capital Outlay

  • No contracts


Breaking the dam n

“Breaking the Dam(n!)”

  • Colocation – 1st step to outsourcing

  • Managed Hosting – dedicated servers managed by 3rd party take some pain away

  • Cloud Hosting – Lower cost, easier, lower risk, more reliable


Traditional hosting costs continue to grow

Traditional Hosting Costs Continue to Grow

  • High CapEx

  • Low facility asset utilization (55%)

  • High Depreciation (42-50%)

  • Power/Cooling costs > Server Costs

  • Not “Green”

  • 30% hardware obsolescence

    - Source: Forbes.com, Kenneth Brill, “Servers: Why Thrifty Isn’t Nifty”

PAINFUL!

Source: Forbes.com, “Servers: Why Thrifty Isn’t Nifty”


Trending away from the pain

Trending Away from the “Pain”

Source: Google Insight for Search


Multiple definitions

Understanding how others view “Cloud Computing”

Multiple Definitions


Forrester research

Forrester Research

“A pool of abstracted, highly scalable, and managed compute infrastructure capable of hosting end-customer applications and billed by consumption1”

1- “Is Cloud Computing Ready for The Enterprise?” Forrester Research, Inc.


Forrester research cont d

Forrester Research (cont’d)

  • Different than SaaS

    • Prescripted & Abstracted Infrastructure

    • Fully Virtualized

    • Dynamic Infrastructure Software

    • Pay by Consumption

    • Free of Long-Term Contracts

    • Application and OS Independent

    • Free of Software or Hardware Installation

      “Cloud computing has all the earmarks of being a potential disruptive innovation that all infrastructure and operations professionals should heed.”


Other definitions

Other Definitions

“Cloud computing is an emerging approach to shared infrastructure in which large pools of systems are linked together to provide IT services.” – IBM press release on “Blue Cloud”

“…a hosted infrastructure model that delivers abstracted IT resources over the Internet” – Thomas Weisel Partners LLC from “Into the Clouds: Leveraging Data Centers and the Road to Cloud Computing”

“Cloud computing describes a systems architecture. Period. This particular architecture assumes nothing about the physical location, internal composition or ownership of its component parts.” – James Urquhart blog post


Multiple graphic descriptions of the cloud

Multiple Graphic Descriptions of the “Cloud”


Redefining the definition

Our view of “Cloud Computing”

Redefining the definition


Defining the segments

Defining the Segments

  • SaaS

    • Software as a Service

    • Storage as a Service

  • PaaS – Platform as a Service

  • IaaS – Infrastructure as a Service


Colo vs managed vs cloud hosting

Colo vs. Managed vs. Cloud Hosting


Hosting industry ripe for change

Hosting Industry Ripe for Change

  • Technology has evolved

  • People demand more control

  • Instant gratification

  • In-house too costly from CapEx and Human Capital

  • Colocation for those who want to be physically there

  • Managed is not dynamic enough

    Cloud Computing -“Enabling Technology” to move from Traditional Hosting to Cloud Hosting


The cloud s snowball effect

The Cloud’s “Snowball Effect”

  • Maturation of Virtualization Technology

  • Virtualization enables Compute Clouds

  • Compute Clouds create demand for Storage Clouds

  • Storage + Compute Clouds create Cloud Infrastructure

  • Cloud Infrastructure enables Cloud Platforms & Applications

  • Multiple Cloud types lead to Cloud Aggregators

  • Niche requirements enable Cloud Extenders


The cloud pyramid

The “Cloud Pyramid”

  • Build upon a foundation

  • Layers equate structure

  • Building blocks: Infrastructure, Platforms, Applications

  • Breadth vs. Niche


The cloud pyramid inversed

The “Cloud Pyramid” Inversed

  • 1000’s of Cloud Applications currently

  • Handful of Cloud Platforms

  • Elite group of Cloud Infrastructure providers

# of Marketplace providers


Cloud computing is

Cloud Computing is…

… virtualized compute power and storage delivered via platform-agnostic infrastructures of abstracted hardware and software accessed over the Internet. These shared, on-demand IT resources, are created and disposed of efficiently, are dynamically scalable through a variety of programmatic interfaces and are billed variably based on measurable usage.


Cloud applications

Cloud “Applications”

  • SaaS resides here

  • Most common Cloud / Many providers of different services

  • Examples: SalesForce, Gmail, Yahoo! Mail, Quicken Online

  • Advantages: Free, Easy, Consumer Adoption

  • Disadvantages: Limited functionality, no control or access to underlying technology


Cloud platforms

Cloud “Platforms”

  • “Containers”

  • “Closed” environments

  • Examples: Google App Engine, Heroku, Mosso, Engine Yard, Joyent or Force.com (SalesForce Dev Platform)

  • Advantages: Good for developers, more control than “Application” Clouds, tightly configured

  • Disadvantages: Restricted to what is available, other dependencies


Cloud infrastructure

Cloud “Infrastructure”

  • Provide “Compute” and “Storage” clouds

  • Virtualization layers (hardware/software)

  • Examples: Amazon EC2, GoGrid, Amazon S3, Nirvanix, Linode

  • Advantages: Full control of environments and infrastructure

  • Disadvantages: premium price point, limited competition


Cloud extenders wild card

Cloud “Extenders” (Wild Card)

  • Provides extension to Cloud Infrastructure and Platforms with basic functionality

  • Examples: Amazon SimpleDB, Amazon SQS, Google BigTable

  • Advantages: Extends functionality of Compute & Storage Clouds to integrate with legacy system or other clouds

  • Disadvantages: Sometimes requires use of specific Platforms or Infrastructure


Cloud aggregators wild card

Cloud “Aggregators” (Wild Card)

  • Sits on top of various Cloud Infrastructures for management

  • Examples: RightScale, Appistry

  • Advantages: Provides more options for Cloud environments

  • Disadvantages: Dependent on Cloud Providers


The new cloud pyramid

The NEW “Cloud Pyramid”


Hosting heads to the clouds

Hosting Heads to the Clouds

  • Static  Dynamic = Quick & Easy Scalability

  • Cost Prohibitive  Cost Effective = Cost Efficiencies

  • Predictable  Unpredictable = Innovations

  • Stagnant  Growth = Evolution

    Traditional Hosting  Cloud Hosting = FUTURE!


Contact information

Contact Information

  • Paul Lancaster

    • Business Development Manager, GoGrid

    • Email: [email protected]

    • Mobile: 415.948.4182

      Site: http://www.GoGrid.com

      Blog: http://blog.GoGrid.com


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