By aundrea ludy
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By aundrea ludy

By: Aundrea Ludy


Autism

  • People who have Autism tend to excel in visual skills, music, math, and art. Although there social skills are not as developed as they should be. Kids who have autism may not respond when you speak to them or become very angry when trying to talk. Children may find normal sounds painful and cover there ears. They become attached to normal objects and associate objects with feelings 1 in 100 people are diagnosed with autism. Although it is more common in boys, 1 in 252 girls are diagnosed and 1 out of 54 boys are confirmed to have some form of autism. There is no know cause or cure for autism.

Autism

A developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brain's normal development of social and communication skills.

U.S Centers For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)


By aundrea ludy

Autism can be placed in different areas on how severe a persons autism may be. It is placed on the Autism Spectrum.


Symptoms include

Symptoms include:

  • Repeats words or memorized passages, such as commercials

  • May not respond to eye contact or smiles, or may avoid eye contact

  • Prefers to spend time alone, rather than with others

  • Shows a lack of empathy

  • May find normal noises painful and hold hands over ears

  • Seems to have a heightened or low response to pain

  • "Acts up" with intense tantrums

  • Has a short attention span

  • Is overactive or very passive

  • Shows aggression to others or self

  • Uses repetitive body movements

  • Social interactions

  • Verbal and nonverbal communication

  • Be overly sensitive in sight, hearing, touch, smell, or taste

  • Have unusual distress when routines are changed

  • Perform repeated body movements

  • Cannot start or maintain a social conversation

  • Communicates with gestures instead of words

  • Develops language slowly or not at all


Autism is characterized in various degrees

Autism is characterized in various degrees.

Rett Syndrome

Child Disintegrative disorder

Pervasive Development Disorder

Asperger Syndrome


Rett syndrome

Symptoms in infants include:

  • Breathing problems (when awake)

  • Excessive salvia / drooling

  • Floppy arms or legs

  • Scoliosis

  • Toe walking

  • Seizures

  • Loss of normal sleep patterns

  • Poor Circulation

  • Loss of social engagement

  • Severe language development problems

Rett Syndrome

A disorder of the nervous system that leads to developmental reversals, especially in the areas of expressive language and hand use. It is only found in girls because it only damages on X chromosome.


Child disintegrative disorder

  • Symptoms include:

  • Delay or lack of spoken language

  • Impairment in nonverbal behaviors

  • Inability to start or maintain a conversation

  • Lack of play

  • Loss of bowel and bladder control

  • Loss of language or communication skills

  • Loss of motor skills

  • Loss of social skills

  • Problems forming relationships with other children and family members

Child Disintegrative disorder

A condition in which children develop normally through age 3 or 4. Then, over a few months, children lose language, motor, social, and other skills that they already learned.


Pervasive development disorder

Symptoms Include :

  • Difficulty with verbal communication, including problems using and understanding language

  • Difficulty with non-verbal communication, such as gestures and facial expressions

  • Difficulty with social interaction, including relating to people and to his or her surroundings

  • Unusual ways of playing with toys and other objects

  • Difficulty adjusting to changes in routine or familiar surroundings

  • Repetitive body movements or patterns of behavior, such as hand flapping, spinning, and head banging

  • Changing response to sound; the child may be very sensitive to some noises and seem to not hear others.

  • Temper tantrums

  • Difficulty sleeping

  • Aggressive behavior

  • Fearfulness or anxiety

Pervasive Development Disorder

Also called PDDs, Pervasive Development Disorder refers to a group of conditions that involve delays in the development of many basic skills, (to communicate, and to use imagination). Children with these conditions often are confused in their thinking and generally have problems understanding the world around them..


Asperger syndrome

  • Symptoms include:

  • Problems with social skills:

  • Eccentric or repetitive

  • Unusual preoccupations or rituals:

  • Communication difficulties:

  • Limited range of interests:

  • Coordination problems:

  • Skilled or talented

Asperger Syndrome

A form of PDD, Asperger Syndrome is a milder form of autism. Kids who have Asperser's may act normal most of the time. But they may have some differences that make them seem “not normal”.


By aundrea ludy

Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002503/http://www.autism-society.org/about-autism/causes/http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001535.htm


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