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John Murrin, et al Liberty, Equality, Power A History of the American People. Chapter 11 “Democrats and Whigs”. Rise of the Age of Jackson. Democratic-Republican Rule President Monroe Missouri Compromise Competition between executive & legislative Constitutional guidelines

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John murrin et al liberty equality power a history of the american people

John Murrin, et alLiberty, Equality, PowerA History of the American People

Chapter 11

“Democrats and Whigs”


Rise of the age of jackson
Rise of the Age of Jackson

  • Democratic-Republican Rule

    • President Monroe

      • Missouri Compromise

    • Competition between executive & legislative

      • Constitutional guidelines

      • Expressions of power

      • Desire to reflect the will of the people


Election of 1824
Election of 1824

  • Candidates

    • John Quincy Adams

    • Andrew Jackson

    • Henry Clay

    • William Crawford

  • No Electoral Majority

  • House of Representatives


Corrupt bargain
Corrupt Bargain

  • Speaker of the House = Henry Clay

  • House votes for JQA defying popular vote

  • President Adams names Henry Clay Secretary of State

  • Andrew Jackson response = 4 year campaign for White House

  • Acceptable? Ethical? Legal?



Andrew jackson
Andrew Jackson

  • Biographical Information

    • Humble Beginnings

    • “Colorful” and controversial military career

    • “Self-made” wealth

    • Family & Loyalty


Election of 1828
Election of 1828

  • Four year campaign

  • Personal Attacks

  • Death of wife


President jackson
President Jackson

  • Spoils System

  • Kitchen Cabinet

  • Eaton Scandal

  • John C. Calhoun

  • Martin Van Buren


Nullification
Nullification

  • Tariff & Sectionalism

  • How does a state protest?

  • SC Exposition

    • VP Calhoun

  • Nullification Vote

  • Jackson response

  • Win / Loss Analysis


Indian removal
Indian Removal

  • Worchester v Georgia

    • Devolution of Federal Power

    • Repudiation of GW’s Indian policy

    • Let John Marshall enforce it

  • Indian Removal Act

    • Trail of Tears

  • Opened Land for Expansion and “PROGRESS”


Bank wars
Bank Wars

  • 2nd Bank of the US

  • Nicholas Biddle

    • Perceived Power

  • Clay’s Re-charter Scheme

  • Extra-constitutional power

  • King Andrew’s Veto

  • 1832 Re-election

  • Federal Deposits & Pet Banks


Currency
Currency

  • Paper v. Gold Currency Debate

    • Inflationary v. Stability

    • Borrower v. Lender

  • Wildcat Banks & Over Speculation

    • Panic of 1837


Specie circular
Specie Circular

  • Specie Circular

    • Gold for Government Land

    • Drastic Measure = deflationary

    • Reality tempering ideology

  • Balanced Budget & No Debt

  • Panic of 1837

  • Divorce Bill (Van Buren)

  • Independent Treasury


Democratic reforms
Democratic Reforms

  • 3rd Parties

    • Purpose

    • 1832 = Anti-Masonic Party

  • Whig Party

    • Anti-Jackson

    • Pro-America System

    • Election of 1836


Democratic reforms1
Democratic Reforms

  • Suffrage Extension – All white males

    • “Era of the Common Man’

    • Modern Campaigning

  • Party Platforms & Conventions


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