Unit 8
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Unit 8. Immigration Ms. Rybak – US History. Essential Questions. By the end of this unit you will be able to answer the following questions: What are the significant differences between the periods of “Old Migration” and “New Migration” in America?

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Unit 8

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Unit 8

Unit 8

Immigration

Ms. Rybak – US History


Essential questions

Essential Questions

  • By the end of this unit you will be able to answer the following questions:

    • What are the significant differences between the periods of “Old Migration” and “New Migration” in America?

    • What is the main difference in the geographic origin of earlier immigrants and the more recent immigrants to the US?

    • Why might the term “salad bowl” be a more accurate metaphor than “melting pot” to describe the relationship between various ethic groups in America today?


Timeline immigration

Timeline - Immigration

  • From approximately 1700-1800 label “old migration”

  • From approximately 1850-1925 label “new migration”

  • From 1925-end of timeline label as NOA period

  • At 1892 (estimate) label the opening of Ellis Island Immigration center


Different periods of immigration

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “Old” Immigration (Colonial Period)

    • Dominated by the English

    • Other “English” speaking people; Scotch and Irish

    • Western and Northern Europeans: Dutch, Scandinavians, Germans

    • Africans (as forced labor – early slavery)


Different periods of immigration1

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “Old” Immigration

    • Most came for religious or political freedom

    • Some came to improve their economic situation

    • Opportunities for new land


Different periods of immigration2

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “Old” Immigration

    • These people became the US

    • They generally worked together and supported one another as newcomers in a new land

    • They often had common enough cultural traditions to reduce significant conflicts from occurring


Different periods of immigration3

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “New Immigration” (Late 1800-Early 1900)

    • More from Eastern and Southern Europe

    • Asians from Japan and China


Different periods of immigration4

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “New” Immigration

    • Better economic opportunities in the industrial centers of America (because of industrialization)

    • Religious Freedom (especially Russian Jews)

    • Some for political freedoms


Different periods of immigration5

Different Periods of Immigration

  • “New” Immigration

    • A significant increase in anti-immigrant feelings or “Nativism”

    • The first considered themselves to be the true or “native” Americans and resented new immigrants

    • Significant cultural differences often created prejudice (Italians vs. Irish)

    • Many feared the erosion of their original “American” way of life


Different periods of immigration6

Different Periods of Immigration

  • NOA Period (1925-1965)

    • Mostly Europeans from England, Italy, Germany

    • Reasons: World War II


Different periods of immigration7

Different Periods of Immigration

  • Recent Immigration

    • Latin Americans (Mexicans crossing illegally over the border, etc.)

    • Caribbean Islands (Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic)

    • Asian (China, Philippines, Vietnam, South Korea, India, Pakistan


Terms immigration

Terms - Immigration

  • Old Immigration: First wave of Europeans coming to the Americas (1700’s). Usually came from Northern and Western parts of Europe. Usually came with money. Came for a more independent life.

  • New Immigration: The second wave of Europeans coming to the United States (1800’s). Usually from Eastern or Southern Europe. Usually came poor – looking for opportunities.


Terms

Terms

  • Nativists: Americans that rejected the new immigrants coming to America. They considered themselves the “true” Americans and did not like the new wave of “foreigners” and their different cultures.

  • Know Nothing Party: Also called the American Party, they opposed new immigrants in America. They feared the loss of jobs, and as mostly Protestants, they feared a Catholic influence and possible control of America by the Pope – and the loss of religious and political freedoms.


Terms1

Terms

  • The Yellow Peril: A term used to describe the influx of Asian, especially Chinese, immigrants to the US. Also called the “yellow terror.”

  • Ellis Island: Island in New York Harbor where immigrants first arrived and registered.


Terms2

Terms

  • The Melting Pot: A metaphor to describe the old belief that immigrants blended easily into the American culture – that the various cultures mixed to make a new cultural identity.

  • The Salad Bowl: A more accepted metaphor that describes how various cultural groups coexist in America, living together but retaining their original cultural identity.


Terms3

Terms

  • Cultural Pluralism: A term that is in line with the “salad bowl” metaphor above. The idea that various cultural groups can exist within one larger cultural identity.

  • Refugee: A person who flees one nation for another in search of a more peaceful situation.


Terms4

Terms

  • Assimilation: The process of blending in to the dominant society – in this case the process of becoming “Americanized.” Immigrants chose, or were sometimes forced, to learn English, accept new foods, and adapt to other cultural differences.

  • Naturalization: The formal process to become an American citizen.


Essential questions1

Essential Questions

  • What are the significant differences between the periods of “Old Migration” and “New Migration” in America?

  • What is the main difference in the geographic origin of earlier immigrants and the more recent immigrants to the US?

  • Why might the term “salad bowl” be a more accurate metaphor than “melting pot” to describe the relationship between various ethic groups in America today?


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