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SeVeCOM Workshop Lausanne 1-2 February 2006. CALM Architecture and Network. [email protected] What is CALM?. CALM - Overall. C ontinuous A ir interface for L ong and M edium distance ISO TC204/WG16 – Wide Area Communications Support user transparent continuous communications

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Calm architecture and network

SeVeCOM Workshop

Lausanne 1-2 February 2006

CALMArchitecture and Network

[email protected]


What is calm

What is CALM?


Calm overall

CALM - Overall

  • Continuous Air interface for Long and Medium distance

  • ISO TC204/WG16 – Wide Area Communications

  • Support user transparent continuous communications

  • CALM is the first open way to combine GPRS with vehicle-optimized WLAN technology. - NOT a complicated collection of new, unproven radio technologies

Q-Free ASA


Calm communication scenarios

GPS/GALILEO

Satellite

Broadcast

Terrestrial

Broadcast

2G/3G

WiMAX

2G/3G

WiMAX

Hot-Spot

(WiFi)

RSE

RSE

RSE

CALM M5

RSE-to-

WAVE *

RSE

5.8GHz

RSE *

DSRC

vehicle-to-vehicle *

portable-to-

CALM

(CALM 5 or 60 GHz)

vehicle

IR *

CALM Communication Scenarios


Calm applications

CALM Applications

  • Support of Internet services

  • Support of traditional ITS apps – media independent through DSRC L7

  • New generation of applications:

    • Major push in safety – Vehicle Safety Communication

    • New commercial applications made possible by high data rate & long range.

Q-Free ASA


Services defined for 5 ghz medium 1

CVO - Tractor-Trailer Interface

CVO - Rollover Warning

CVO - Electronic Border Clearance

CVO - Weigh Station Bypass Clearance

CVO - CVO Fleet Management

CVO - Onboard Safety Data Transfer

CVO - Tractor-Trailer Matching

CVO - Transit Vehicle Data Transfer

CVO - Vehicle Safety Inspection

CVO - Drivers Daily Log

OTHER SERVICES - Probe Data Collection

OTHER SERVICES - Access Control

OTHER SERVICES – Vehicle Manufacturer Info

PAYMENTS - Toll Collection

PAYMENTS - ITS Service Payment

PAYMENTS - Other ePayments

PAYMENTS - Rental Car Processing

PAYMENTS - Parking Payment

PAYMENTS - Food Payment

PAYMENTS - Fuel Payment

SAFETY - Vehicle-to-vehicle Data Transfer

SAFETY – Highway-Rail Intersection Warning

Traffic Information - Audio Transfer - Streaming

Traffic Information - Map Updates

Traffic Information - Mobile Internet

Traffic Information - Traffic Data

Traffic Information - Traveller Information

Traffic Information - Vehicle Registration (EVI)

Traffic Information - Transit Vehicle Priority

Traffic Information - Diagnostic Data Transfer

Traffic Information - Video Transfer - Block

Traffic Information - Audio Transfer - Block

Traffic Information - Video Transfer - Streaming

Traffic Information - Repair Service Record

Traffic Information - Vehicle Software Updates

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Approaching Emergency Vehicle Warning

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Emergency Vehicle Signal Pre-emption

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Intersection Emergency Vehicle Approaching

VSC - RSU to OBU - Emergency Scene Data Networking

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Emergency Scene Data Networking

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Cooperative Collision Warning

Services defined for 5 GHz medium - 1

Q-Free ASA


Services defined for 5 ghz medium 2

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Pre-crash Sensing

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Intersection Collision Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Enhanced Differential GPS Corrections

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Highway/Rail Collision Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Vehicle-based Road Condition Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Road Feature Notification

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Curve Speed Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Visibility Enhancer

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Electronic Brake Lights

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Hybrid Intersection Collision Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Instant (Problem) Messaging

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Blind Merge Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Post-Crash Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Merge Assistant

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Lane Change Assistant

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Left Turn Assistant

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Stop Sign Movement Assistant

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Cooperative Glare Reduction

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Blind Spot Warning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Platooning

VSC - OBU-to-OBU - Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Infrastructure-based Traffic Probes

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - SOS Services

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Post-Crash Warning

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Just-in-Time Repair Notification

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Intelligent On-ramp Metering

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Intelligent Traffic Lights

VSC - OBU-to-RSU - Blind Merge Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Map Downloads and Updates

VSC - RSU to OBU - Enhanced Route Guidance and Navigation

VSC - RSU to OBU - GPS Corrections

VSC - RSU to OBU - Adaptive Headlight Aiming

VSC - RSU to OBU - Adaptive Drivetrain Management

VSC - RSU to OBU - Merge Assistant

VSC - RSU to OBU - Sign Information (warning assistance)

VSC - RSU to OBU - Point-of-Interest Notification

VSC - RSU to OBU - Curve Speed Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Highway/Rail Collision Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Animal Crossing Zone Information

VSC - RSU to OBU - Low Bridge Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Work Zone Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Stop Sign Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Keep Clear' Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Wrong-way Driver Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Left Turn Assistant

VSC - RSU to OBU - Infrastructure Intersection Collision Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Pedestrian Crossing Information

VSC - RSU to OBU - Pedestrian/Children Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - School Zone Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Stop Sign Movement Assistance

VSC - RSU to OBU - Traffic Signal Warning

VSC - RSU to OBU - Low Parking Structure Warning

Services defined for 5 GHz medium - 2

Q-Free ASA


Tc204 wg16 co operation

TC204/WG16 Co-operation

  • IEEE 802.11p and P1609 – Wireless Access in the Vehicular Environment (WAVE)- Co-operation agreement with WG16

  • ETSI ERM TG37 – 2G/3G standards, spectrum and test standards,…

  • IETF – Internet Network Mobility (NEMO)

  • ITU-R WP 8A – Global radio standards

  • USA projects: VSCC and VII

  • Japan projects: CALM Proof-Of-Concept,…

  • Europe projects: C2C-CC, CVIS, SafeSpot,…

Q-Free ASA


What is calm technically

What is CALM?Technically!


Calm classic architecture

ISO TC204

ITS APPLICATIONS

Service

QoS

Interface

Selection

Handover

Interface

QoS

HTTP/

SMTP

Protocols

Stream &

Realtime

Protocols

ISO

DSRC

L7

TCP

UDP

L2/UDP

Init

Hnd-

ovr

Secur

MAC

IPv6 layer

802.11p

WAVE

Init

Hnd-

ovr

Secur

MAC

Init

Hnd-

ovr

Secur

MAC

2G/3G

GSM

GPS/Galileo

CALM classic architecture

Q-Free ASA


Calm system architecture 21217 rev geneva

CALM System Architecture (21217) (Rev. Geneva)

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21218

ISO 21214

IR

Manager

ISO 21215

W-LAN

Manager

ISO 21216

Millimeter

Manager

ISO 24xxx

W-MAN

Manager

ISO 24xxx

Broadcast

Manager

ISO 24xxx

Wired

Manager

ISO 24xxx

PAN

Manager

ISO 21212

ISO 21213

ISO 24103

2G Cell

Manager

3G Cell

Manager

DSRC

ISO15628

GPRS

EDGE

cdma2k

UMTS

IR-B

IR-A

WiFi

M5

RADAR

MM-J

MM-E

K-DSRC

J-DSRC

C-DSRC

HC-SDMA

WiMAX

Ether

W-USB

DAB

AMIC

CAN

GPS

BlueT

Non-CALM-aware

ISO 15628-based

APPLICATIONS

Non-CALM-aware

IP (Internet)

APPLICATIONS

CALM-Aware

APPLICATIONS

CME

Registration of

Ingress/Egress

Interfaces

Application

ManagementISO 24101

CME

CALM

Manager

ISO 21210

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

Convergence Layer

Part of ISO 15628ISO 21210

Convergence Layer

IP socket/ISO 21210

TCP/UDP/…

INTERNET STANDARDS

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

SAP

NME

Network

Manager

ISO 21210

NETWORK INTERFACE

Routing and Media Switching based on IPv6

ISO 21210

SAP

SAP

IME

Interface Manager

ISO 24102

ISO 21218

SAP

CALM Media

External Media

CALM Network

21218 = LSAP

Applications

Management SAP

Data SAP

SAP

SAP

Q-Free ASA


Cvis vehicle architecture

CME.

Router

Network

Network

Network

NME.

Router

GPSConvergence

DSRCConvergence

GPRSConvergence

IME.

Router

DSRC L2/L7

GPRS Stack

GPS Stack

DSRC L1

GPS PHY

GPRS PHY

CVIS β + γ Vehicle Architecture

OEM G/W

Real-time

Applications

CALMNetwork

Layer

C2CSwitch

Layer

Sensors, HMI

and Control

Firewall

In-Vehicle App

IVN DLL

Ethernet

IVN DLL

RT

Link

IVN PHY

Ethernet

IVN PHY

Ref

pt

In-vehicle OEM networks CAN/VAN/MOST/AMI-C..

ITS In-Vehicle Network 100baseT Ethernet

Nomadic device Gateway

Real-time

Applications

CVIS Integrated Mobile Router

CALM Routing

Comms

gateway

Network

Network

C2C-CC

FastNet

Ethernet

CALM LLC

CALM MAC

Blue-

tooth

Blue-

tooth

Ethernet

CALM M5 PHY

Combined Antenna Pod

Q-Free ASA


Communication scenarios

Communication Scenarios

  • CALM defines 5 communication scenarios:

    0 – V2I Non-IPv6 communications

    1 – V2I/V2V Local IPv6

    2 – V2I MIPv6

    3 – V2I NEMO

    4 – V2V Non-IPv6

Q-Free ASA


Calm m5 c2c cc wave

CALM M5: C2C-CC & WAVE

Geoaddressed applications

(e.g. active safety)

IP Applications (Deployment)

WAVE Short Message Apps

TCP / UDP

WSMP

IPv6

B

C2C-CC Network Layer

C

B

A

LLC/MAC (IEEE 802.11p)

C2C MAC

P1609.4

PHY (IEEE 802.11p)

Q-Free ASA


What about ieee

What about IEEE?


Draft ieee standards

Draft IEEE Standards

  • IEEE 1609.1: WAVE Resource Manager

    • Defines “Basic Application Platform”

      • Application data read/write protocol between RSU and OBU

      • First application available for testing purposes

  • IEEE 1609.2: 5.9 GHz Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Radio Service Security

    • Defines 5.9 GHz DSRC Security (formerly IEEE 1556)

      • Anonymity, Authenticity and Confidentiality

  • IEEE 1609.3: WAVE Networking Services

    • Provides description and management of the DSRC Protocol Stack

      • Application interfaces

      • Network configuration management

      • WAVE Short Message (WSM) transmission and reception

Q-Free ASA


Draft ieee standards cont d

Draft IEEE Standards (cont’d)

  • IEEE 1609.4: WAVE Multi-Channel Operation

    • Provides DSRC frequency band coordination and management

      • Manages Lower Layer usage of the seven DSRC channels

      • Integrates tightly with IEEE 802.11p

  • IEEE 802.11p: Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and physical layer (PHY) specifications: Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE)

    • Defines the Lower Layers of the communications stack

      • Radio wave forms and wireless medium access procedures

Q-Free ASA


Ieee standards status

IEEE Standards Status

  • Latest IEEE 1609 draft documents completed in December 2005

  • IEEE 1609 status:

    • 1609.1 completed sponsor ballot, 500+ comments

    • 1609 part 2-4 launched mid-January for 30 days sponsor ballot. Many comments are expected

    • Project approval all parts expected June 2006.

  • IEEE 802.11p is also progressing

    • Latest pre-Hawaii draft is D0.25

    • Possible ballot in March 2006? (IEEE 802.11)

Q-Free ASA


Ieee security services

IEEE Security Services

  • 5.9 GHz DSRC uses Public Key Infrastructure (PKI) to sign and/or encrypt DSRC data

    • Anonymity (prevents tracking - Privacy)

      • MAC address randomization

      • Security certificates may also be periodically changed

      • Opt-in services may not require anonymity

    • Authenticity

      • Digital signatures protect against various malicious security threats

    • Confidentiality

      • Data may also be encrypted to provide data privacy

      • Safety messages broadcast from RSUs do not always require encryption (digital signatures are always required)

Q-Free ASA


Calm and security

CALM and Security

  • CALM relates to security as follows:

    • Interface specific for lower layers or low latency

    • Application or protocol specific for higher layers (ETC, IPSEC,…)

  • There are no specific security means built into CALM

  • Vehicle Probe Data (ISO 24100) has provisions for protection of privacy.

  • CALM is interested in input from SeVeCOM.Liaison?

Q-Free ASA


How to get more info

How to get more info

  • ISO TC204/WG15 Convenor: T. Russel Shields [email protected]

  • ISO TC204/SG15.0 Convenor:Knut Evensen [email protected]

  • ISO TC204/SG15.1 Convenor:Bob Williams [email protected]

    WWW.CALM.HU

Q-Free ASA


Extra slides

Extra Slides

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Example full vehicle architecture

Central Router

Example: Full Vehicle Architecture

Computer

Computer

Firewall

Directory

services

CME.CM

ITS Application

INTERNET

SERVICE

SAP

CALMNetwork

Layer 3-4

Routing

Sensors

and Control

Layer 5-7

Layer 5-7

OEM G/W

NME

.CM

SAP

SAP

CALM Network

Layer 3-4

CALM NetworkLayer 3-4

In-Vehicle App

Network

Convergence

IVN DLL

IVN DLL

Convergence

IVN DLL

IVN DLL

IVN DLL

Convergence

IVN DLL

IVN DLL

IME

.CM

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

In-vehicle OEM network

ITS In-Vehicle Network

CALM MR 2

CALM MR 1

CME.MR2

CME

.MR1

Routing

CALMNetwork

CALMNetwork

Network

Layer 3-4

Network

Layer 3-4

SAP

Convergenc

N-Layer

NME

.MR2

NME.MR1

Routing

SAP

CELL Netw

IVN DLL

IVN DLL

Convergence

CALM LLC

SAP

IME

.MR2

CALM MAC

IME.MR1

MLME

PLCP/

PLME

CELL DLL

SAP

CALM M5 PHY

IVN PHY

IVN PHY

CellularPHY

Q-Free ASA


Example early vehicle architecture

Example – Early Vehicle Architecture

CME

.MR

Network

Network

Network

Network

Network

NME

.MR

IVN DLL

DSRCConvergence

CALM LLC

GPSConvergence

GPRSConvergence

IME

.MR

DSRC L2/L7

GPS Stack

GPRS Stack

CALM MAC

IVN PHY

GPS PHY

DSRC L1

GPRS PHY

CALM M5 PHY

CME

.CM

RESOURCE MANAGER, ISO14906

ITS INTERNET

APPLICATION

Traffic

Management

Application

Socket

UDP

SocketTCP/UDP

ApplicationInterfaceISO15628

VEHICLE

COMPUTER

NME

.CM

CALM NETWORK LAYER – IPv6

CALM Routing

IN-VEHICLE NETWORK DATA LINK LAYER

IME

.CM

IN-VEHICLE NETWORK PHYSICAL LAYER

CALM Mobile Router (“CALM Modem”)

CALM Routing

ITS In-Vehicle

Connection

Combined Antenna Pod

Q-Free ASA


Calm manager

User Interface

InterfaceStatusList

ApplicationRequirmtList

Policies

Interface

Protocol

Application

Protocol

Routes

CALM Manager

Q-Free ASA


5 ghz spectrum not exact

5 GHz Spectrum (not exact!)

Europe

HiperLAN

BRAN

Japan

”j-band”

North Ameri

U-NII

U-NII - New

Old

ISM band

ISM

CALM M5

WAVE?

Configurable or regionally fixed part

Dedicated ITS (DSRC)

Requested : Global ITS Safety allocation 5.85-5.925

Q-Free ASA


What is calm m5

What is CALM M5?


Us dsrc wave

US DSRC (WAVE)

  • WAVE is IEEE 802.11p Wireless Access for Vehicles - as required by US DoT/VSCC/VII/…

  • WAVE is optimised for US channel plan

  • WAVE protocols are optimised for current single-radio technology.

  • No GSM or other technology is included.

Q-Free ASA


Calm m5

CALM M5

  • CALM M5 incorporate WAVE and adds:

    • Global (European) 5 GHz spectrum

    • Regulatory domain (border) management

    • Directivity and EMC control

    • CEN DSRC co-operation

    • Multiple radio/interface/antenna management

    • GPRS/UMTS network interconnectivity

Q-Free ASA


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