Illustrative of african empires 1450 1750
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Songhai Empire 1464-1591 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Illustrative of African empires 1450-1750. Songhai Empire 1464-1591. History. Seceded from the Mali Empire (in 1375) Under Sunni Ali Songhai became the largest of the western Sudan empires

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Songhai Empire 1464-1591

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Illustrative of African empires 1450-1750

Songhai Empire 1464-1591


History

  • Seceded from the Mali Empire (in 1375)

  • Under Sunni Ali Songhai became the largest of the western Sudan empires

  • Successor Askia spread the empire west into Mali & north into Sahara and encompassed the trading cities of Hausaland

  • Askia centralized administration, created a tax system & regulated trade


Influence of Islam

  • Islam was present through trade, but weak outside of urban areas where traditional “small traditions” prevailed

  • 95% of population was peasants who spoke many languages, practiced indigenous religions, and stayed loyal to local chiefs

  • Askia made pilgrimage to Mecca and returned with Muslim scholars from Morocco and Egypt to teach in the Sankore Mosque in Timbuktu


Songhai Photos

Tomb of Askia

Sankore Mosque


Timbuktu

  • Today in the country of Mali

  • Primarily made of mud

  • Had 3 great mosques

  • Was the intellectual and spiritual capital for spreading Islam in Africa in the 15th and 16th centuries

  • Located at an intersection of the Trans-Saharan trade route

  • A natural meeting point for North African Arabs and nomadic Berbers

  • Longlasting reputation for scholarship, having one of the first universities in the world

  • Contains many ancient Greek texts, ended up being a trade post that involved Europe

  • Visited by IbnBattutta ~1350


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