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Restorative Practices 2009 Margaret McGarrigle 087 7752554 [email protected] Restorative Justice is…….

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restorative justice is
Restorative Justice is……
  • …..a process to involve, to the extent possible, those who have a stake in a specific offence and to collectively identify and address harms, needs and obligations, in order to heal and put things as right as possible

Howard Zehr, 2003

slide3
Short-term discipline
      • To stop inappropriate behaviour while explaining what is appropriate
  • Long-term discipline
      • To help young people take responsibilityfor their own behaviour
      • To teach self-discipline – when people’s lives and behaviour are too regulated by others, they feel no need to control themselves.
slide4

Our Task …

PunitiveRestorative

Think of Self

Think of Others

Recognise the extent of the harm caused

Minimise harm

Become the Victim

They become accountable

Blame Others

Accept Responsibility

Excluded from process

Marginalised

Included in process

Integrated

slide5

Fundamental Unifying Hypothesis

of Restorative Practices

Human beings are happier, more productive and more likely to make positive changes in their behavior when those in positions of authority do things with them, rather than to them or for them.

slide7

SOCIAL DISCIPLINE WINDOW( Mc Cold) RELATIONSHIP STYLES

Consistent

Responsive

Flexible

Accountable

Responsible

Cooperation

Negotiation

Power Struggles

Confrontation

Authoritarian

Win-Lose

Retribution

Stigmatising

HIGH

FIRM

Uncaring

Tired

Lazy

Burnt Out

Given Up

Chaotic

Inconsistent

Excusing

Giving In

Blurred Boundaries

Rescuing

LOW

HIGH

FAIR

slide8

Central Idea of Fair Process

Individuals are most likely to trust and cooperate freely with systems — whether they themselves win or lose by those systems — when fair process is observed.

Kim & Mauborgne, Harvard Business Review, July-August 1997

fair process
FAIR PROCESS
  • Expectations- everyone knows what is expected.
  • Engagement - involve individuals in decisions/ listen to views.
  • Explanation - clarify how decisions are reached.
slide10
The free expression of emotion inherent in restorative practices not only restores, but also proactively builds new relationships and social capital.
social capital
Social capital

Social capital is defined as the connections among individuals and the trust, mutual understanding, shared values and behaviors that bind us together and make cooperative action possible.

Putnam, 2001; Cohen & Prusak, 2001

a continuum of responses
A continuum of responses

Formal

Formal School Group Conference

Circle or classroom conference

Small impromptu conference

Restorative ‘chat’ / Circle Time

AffectiveQuestions/Open/Curious

Language/Tone/Non-verbal

Informal

slide13

To Offender

  • What happened?
  • What were you thinking at the time?
  • What have you thought about since?
  • Who has been affected?
  • In what way?
  • What do you think you need to do to make things right?
slide14

To harmed;

  • What did you think when you realised what happened?
  • What impact has this had on you and others?
  • What has been the hardest thing for you?
  • What do you think needs to happen to make things right?
school group conference
School Group Conference
  • Offenders tell what they did
  • Everyone talks about what impact this has had on them
  • The group reaches a shared understanding of the harm that has been done
  • The group negotiates an agreement about how to repair the damage and minimise further harm.
slide16

Donegal/Galway reports;

  • High degree of satisfaction after restorative interventions
  • Significant decrease
        • in number of detentions
        • In visits to Principals Office
        • In suspensions in some schools
  • Improved staff –student relationships (reported from staff and students)
  • Impact on behaviour management – both individual and class.
  • Positive response from parents
  • More calm, less stressed communication
culture change
Culture Change
  • Culture – result of messages that are received about what is really valued.
  • Behaviour is aligned to these messages in order to fit in.
  • Changing culture = a systematic and planned change to these messages whose sources are behaviour, symbols and systems.

Margaret Thorsborne

Peta Blood

slide18

Young People on Restorative Practice ….

  • It’s civilised ….you don’t have to shout….you can listen to each other.
  • Everyone was able to understand what has happened and I was able to make up for what I did.
  • Its Fair – staff have to do it if they are in the wrong.
  • I got a chance to say what I wanted to say and people had to listen
  • xxxxx was able to forgive me and we have a really good relationship now.
slide19

We each are governed by our relationships with others .

“Relationships are at the core”!!!

  • Relationships are guided by mutual respect and understanding
  • Where we have relationships within an environment, whether living environment or working environment, this creates a community.
  • Damage mutually impacts on relationships / community.
building a restorative community core elements
Building a Restorative Community- Core Elements
  • Explicit Framework
  • Fair Process
  • Working “With”
  • Awareness of where the young person is at – “compass of shame”
  • Awareness of where self is at!
  • Use of Restorative language
  • Respect, Responsibility, Reparation, Restore.
hazards in the lives of youth at risk
Hazards in the lives of youth at risk;
  • Destructive relationships - distrust the world
  • Climates of futility - labels, negativity
  • Learned irresponsibility - training for obedience rather than independence
  • Loss of purpose - no sense of value to others
the reclaiming environment involves
The reclaiming environment involves;
  • Relating to the reluctant
  • Brain Friendly Learning
  • Discipline for Responsibility
  • The courage to care.
features of a reclaiming environment
Features of a reclaiming environment;
  • BELONGING in a supportive environment rather than lost in bureaucracy
  • Realizing MASTERY rather than enduring inflexible systems for the convenience of the adults
  • INDEPENDENCE - Young people determining their own future in the context of a society needing to control harmful behavior.
  • GENEROSITY -Young people as care-givers, not just helpless recipients overly dependent of the care of adults.
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