the elizabethan view of the world
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The Order of Things

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The Elizabethan View of the World. The Order of Things. Elizabethans viewed the world as a hierarchy “chain of command” Everybody knew their place Society functioned well Based on religion. Hierarchy. Hierarchy. God was at the top Things happened because that’s how God wanted them

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hierarchy

Elizabethans viewed the world as a hierarchy

  • “chain of command”
  • Everybody knew their place
  • Society functioned well
  • Based on religion
Hierarchy
slide4

God was at the top

  • Things happened because that’s how God wanted them
  • God’s will was Divine and unfathomable
God
angels spirits

God’s messengers

  • They were the link between Heaven and Earth
  • They could communicate with men
  • The spirit world is often used by Shakespeare
  • Spirits (especially in romances) intervene in the affairs of humans
Angels/Spirits
the king

God’s chosen representative on Earth

  • To go against the will of the king was to go against the will of God
  • To disobey the king was to upset the entire social order
  • To murder a king would be to the worst crime
The King
nobleman

Nobleman were above common men

  • Their families were prominent politically
  • Hierarchy of nobles in Scotland:
    • Duke
    • Marquis
    • Thane (Earl)
    • Viscount
    • Baron
    • Knight (not an inherited title)
Nobleman
townsfolk

During the Renaissance, merchants were acquiring new power

  • Acquired a lot of wealth, thus started to have some political influence
  • However, looked down on by nobles
Townsfolk
women

Women were considered the property of men

  • Their sphere of influence was the home
  • They controlled the family, children, servants
  • Sometimes controlled finances
  • They were not politically active, with the exception of the queens regnant
Women
plants

Put on the Earth to feed animals and people

  • No concept of environmental stewardship
  • Humans had complete control over animals and plants
Plants
witches

Witches were perceived as a very real threat

  • Challenged God’s authority, thus the entire social order
  • Led humans into temptation
  • Seen as agents of the devil on Earth
Witches
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