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Session 4 Building the Classical World: Hebrews, Persians, and Greeks. Peoples of the Mediterranean: traditions, cultural uniqueness, interaction and influences… Wars, conquests and new systems. T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m e HSM 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I.

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T h e a m e r i c a n u n i v e r s i t y o f r o m e hsm 201 survey of western civilization i l.jpg

Session 4 Building the Classical World: Hebrews, Persians, and Greeks.Peoples of the Mediterranean: traditions, cultural uniqueness, interaction and influences…Wars, conquests and new systems

T h e A m e r i c a n U n i v e r s i t y o f R o m eHSM 201 - Survey of Western Civilization I


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  • Q of chapter 2 for the students to discuss

  • In what ways did New Kingdom Egypt differ from the Old and Middle Kingdoms?

  • What were the principal features of the Late Bronze Age international system?

  • Why did Phoenician cities prosper during the Early Iron Age? This development would occur a bit later…900-800 BC

  • What were the foundations of Assyrian imperial power?

  • In what ways did the Persian empire differ from its Near East predecessors? How would you account for those differences?

  • What developments marked the Hebrew transition from polytheism to monotheism? Its political consequences. The importance of the Old testament, common grounds…


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  • The New Empires…in rapid succession

  • A list of Mesopotamian empires and states…

  • > Summerians (Ubaid + Uruk) 6000-2500 BC

  • > Akkadians 2300-2000 BC

  • Indo-European invasions: the Bronze age innovations; Hittites in Anatolia, Mitannis in Syria, Kassites in Babylonian… Hyksos in Egypt..

    > Ammorites and the Old Babylonian Kingdom

    > Assyrian Kingdom 1300-880 BC

    > Neo-Assyrian Empire 880-600 BC …Egypt

  • New Babylonian Empire… Nabucodonossor

    > Persian Empire.


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The International Bronze Age What is the character of international relations in the Ancient World?

  • 1900-1450Minoan C.

    >1628 Eruption of Thera –Santorini

  • 1600-1200Mycenaean C. + Near East I.S. + New K Egypt

  • Basis of Greek Pol.Org / Gods

  • Collapse - The Sea Peoples

  • Mycenaean collapse with reverberations in the region


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The birth of the Classical World The birth of our Western Civilization?

900-800Phoenician alphabet / Commercial shipping

800 Renewal (migrations) and growth of Greek populations

800 From Demos to Polis and birth of the City State


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  • Q of chapter 3 on the birth of the Greek Classical World

  • What cultural changes marked the end of the dark Age of Greece?

  • How did the emergence of hoplite tactics affect Greek political norms?

  • How and why did the Athenian, Spartan, and Milesian poleis differ from each other?

  • How were the Greek armies able to defeat the much larger Persian forces?

  • To what extent was the culture of Athens in the Golden Age the product of Athenian Democracy?

  • How did the Peloponnesian War influence Greek philosophy?


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