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New Orleans Jazz. The Original Dixieland Jazz Band King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band. The Original Dixieland Jazz Band. Originally from New Orleans, all white players Spent two years playing in Chicago Went to NY, recorded in 1917 an album designated “ jass ” music

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new orleans jazz

New Orleans Jazz

The Original Dixieland Jazz Band

King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band

the original dixieland jazz band
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band
  • Originally from New Orleans, all white players
  • Spent two years playing in Chicago
  • Went to NY, recorded in 1917 an album designated “jass” music
    • “Livery Stable Blues,” “Dixieland Jass Band One-Step” released in March 1917
  • Leader of band: Nick LaRocca (1889-1961)
  • Sparked a national fad for jazz music
tiger rag
“Tiger Rag”
  • Biggest hit of the ODJB recorded in 1918.
  • Written by Nick LaRocca
  • Each instrument has a specific role- typically:
    • Cornet (trumpet) carries main melody
    • Clarinet weaves a countermelody
    • Trombone either simple countermelody or bass notes
    • Each player is embellishing their parts, and they are playing simultaneously (called “polyphonic”)
  • Syncopation: 2 against 3
  • Series of musical phrases: no strong identifiable melody
  • Musical tricks: “stoptime” and unusual instrumental techniques
king oliver s creole jazz band
King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band
  • Precursor to big band jazz
  • Joe “King” Oliver, cornet player and bandleader
  • Represents New Orleans style in instrumentation, form, and performance.
  • All Black band recorded in Chicago and Indiana.
  • Early developers of the “procedure” of jazz – a series of variations on a standard formal harmonic plan
  • Musicians always innately know form: where they are in the piece at all times.
dippermouth blues
Dippermouth Blues
  • Recorded in 1923 by King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band (cornets: King Oliver and Louis Armstrong)
  • 12 bar blues form
  • Instrumentation – typical: two cornets, one clarinet, one trombone, rhythm section (piano, banjo, drums)
  • Analogous to ragtime piano
    • frontline instruments are like the right hand piano: they play melody and countermelodies
    • Rhythm section is like the left hand piano: they keep the beat going and outline the harmonies
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