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ITU Regional Development Forum for Africa 9-11 May 2012 Kigali. Trends in ICT: Broadcasting Digital Transition and Digital Dividends in Africa by Shola TAYLOR CEO Kemilinks International & former Chairman, Radio Regulations Board, International Telecommunication Union (ITU).

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Itu regional development forum for africa 9 11 may 2012 kigali
ITU Regional Development Forum for Africa 9-11 May 2012 Kigali

Trends in ICT: Broadcasting Digital Transition and Digital Dividends in Africa



CEO Kemilinks International & former Chairman, Radio Regulations Board, International Telecommunication Union (ITU)

Outline of presentation
Outline of Presentation Kigali

  • RR06 and Decisions taken

  • Broadcast environment in Africa

  • DB – opportunity to restructure sector in Africa

  • Policy, Regulatory and Technical – Issues Arising

    • Simulcast, Signal Distributor, Replanning of GE06

    • Standards, STB

  • Digital Dividend

  • Benefits of the transition

  • Key elements of a national strategy

Brief on kemilinks international
Brief on Kemilinks International Kigali

  • Global consultancy firm focused on development of ICT infrastructure in Africa

  • Set up in 1999 in UK

  • Associate Consultants - all over Africa, Europe, USA

  • Liaison officers in some African countries

  • Handles wide range of ICT consultancy projects up to > US$1m

  • Consultancy, Training, Events Management and Investment facilitation

  • Consultancy – ICT policy, regulatory issues

  • Several major clients across Africa and Europe

Rrc and decisions taken
RRC and Decisions taken Kigali

  • RRC was to plan all digital terrestrial broadcast services for sound and TV

  • Two sessions : 2004 and 2006

    • S1 : established technical basis for regional agreement, including intersessional studies

    • S2 : to carry out planning exercises + draw the Plan

  • New Plan based on broadcasting standards: T-DAB for sound and DVB-T for TV

  • Complex Planning process using complex software

  • Agreement for digital broadcasting services in the frequency band 174-230MHz and 470-862MHz

  • Transition period from 17 June 2006 to 17 June 2015, allowing some countries an additional five-year extension for the VHF band

  • Current broadcast environment in africa
    Current broadcast environment in Africa Kigali

    • Government dominated broadcasting for a long time

    • Liberalisation has produced commercial broadcasters

    • Majority of populace depend on FTA

    • Access to TV still low: less 20%

    • Local Content has improved significantly but remains a challenge

    • Pay TV on the rise although still beyond the reach of average African

    • Industry structure remains a challenge in many countries

    Digital broadcasting opportunity to restructure broadcast sector in africa
    Digital Broadcasting Kigali- Opportunity to restructure broadcast sector in Africa

    • Mission objectives of a typical broadcaster

      • To educate inform and entertain

    • Industry structure :

      • Public Broadcaster

      • Commercial broadcasters

      • Signal distributors

    • Issues arising

      • Regulatory structures: content vs infrastructure

      • Review of spectrum management philosophy – allocations, assignments, pricing, rights

      • Creation of specialist or niche broadcast entities to

      • New Licensing regime

    Policy and regulatory issues arising
    Policy and Regulatory: Issues Arising Kigali

    • Policy Direction: National Committees

    • Introduction of new digital broadcasting media - digital terrestrial broadcasting, mobile broadcasting, IPTV etc

    • Wide Representation desirable : policy maker, regulator, broadcasters, signal distributors, civil society, organised labour, customs

    • Digital Switch On date

    • Analogue Switch off date

    • Dual Illumination period (Simulcasting)

    • Public Broadcaster vs Commercial stations

    • STB (Set top box)

      • cost

      • availability

    Technical issues arising
    Technical – Issues Arising Kigali

    • Spectrum allocation & frequency assignment

      • Special frequency channels will be allocated to the current broadcasters to provide for the simulcasting in digital format

    • Selection of suitable standard

    • Nationwide broadcasting network plan

    • Licensing – advisable that no further analogue licence should be issued

    • Infrastructure, particularly signal distribution Infrastructure sharing essential

    • Training for qualified experts

    Dual illumination





    • Reduces dual illumination costs

    • Reduces risk of technology dumping

    • Provides sufficient time to for uptake and usage of STBs and digital TVs – before cut off date

    • Broadcasters must be encouraged to establish a transition plan

    • National broadcasts will be transmitted as must carry, free-to–view, on any digital terrestrial platform that may be available

    Digital Switch-on:

    Analogue Switch-off date:

    Signal distribution model
    Signal Distribution Model Kigali

    • Establish a common transmission platform for all broadcasting services to optimise available resource

    • Licensing of Signal distributors to ensure the optimal use of broadcasting infrastructure

    • Separate signal distribution entity from the broadcasters

    • Each Signal distributor may provide services on equitable, reasonable, non-preferential and non-discriminatory basis

    • Incumbents could float a signal distribution company to compete with private broadcasters & other interested investors

    • Frequencies will be assigned to signal distributors

    Replanning of ge06
    Replanning Kigali of GE06

    • Much has changed since RRC06

      • WRC-07 and WRC-12

      • Demand for mobile broadband

      • 790MHz-862MHz sharing

      • 698MHz – 790MHz studies

      • Need for replanning

    • Need to continue the modification of the GE-06 digital plan in order to accommodate the spectrum required for future mobile broadband

    • Determine the required number of multiplexes

    Standards Kigali

    • Broadcast Transmission Standards

    • DVB-T2 recommended

      • due to many advantages

      • Improved efficiency in spectrum use up to 50%

      • Most widely used

    • Compression Technology

      • Adopt MPEG-4

    • Television system

      • SD, HDTV, 3DTV

      • HDTV/SD format

      • Ensure labeling of equipment which are compliant with the standards adopted

    Set top boxes
    Set Top Boxes Kigali

    • STB – Unique tool for universal service

    • Encourage local manufacturing

    • Control System

      • Possibility to prevent STBs to be used outside given area

      • Disable the use of stolen STBs.

      • Encryption Reading Feature

      • Prevents unauthorised STBs from working in country

    Digital dividend
    Digital Dividend Kigali

    • Spectrum Africa 2012 concluded thus:

    • “There is a need to ensure that the definition of the “digital dividend” should be all encompassing and should include:

      • The spectrum savings

      • Multichannel Programme Delivery within the normal Single Analogue Programme Channel

      • Transmission to multiple platforms for reception or Trans-platform Delivery

      • Provision of Electronic Programmes Guide – EPG

      • Electronic Service Guide (ESG) – the Programmes and system information service for Mobile DTV.

    Benefits of the transition i
    Benefits of the Transition (I) Kigali

    • Content explosion

      • Demand for more content will increase

      • More investment and competition in conten

      • Licensing of archival materials for conversion to digital format creates additional revenue to content owners;

      • More choices

    • Better quality

    • Interactivity

    • Access to Universal Access Funds

    • More jobs

    Benefits of the transition ii
    Benefits of the transition (II) Kigali

    • Ability to develop new business streams

      • Value Added Services (VAS) represent additional revenue streams from emergency services, road safety for traffic, air traffic information and other government/private sector concerns;

    • Infrastructure providers – provision of massive infrastructure to cover the whole country

    • Mobile operators – New applications like Mobile TV

    • Local Manufacture of STBs

    • Digital Transition is not a one size fits all, countries are unique with different advantages

    Conclusion key components of national strategies
    Conclusion: Key components of National Strategies Kigali

    • Clear policy on digital broadcasting

    • Digital Transition Team: clear mandate and funding

    • Manage stakeholders

      • Govt, regulator, industry, consumers etc

    • Infrastructure

      • replacement and upgrade of existing infrastructure

      • transit all current sites

      • add other services after switch-over

      • Signal Distributor model

    • Local Content development

    • Communication Plan

    • More collaboration between broadcasters and telecom with AUB leading