Greek Art & Architecture. Archaic Period (c. 800-479 BCE) Classical Period (c. 510- 336 BCE) Hellenistic Synthesis (c.336- 30 CE). Sculpture of Ancient Greece.
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Archaic Period (c. 800-479 BCE)
Classical Period (c. 510- 336 BCE)
Hellenistic Synthesis (c.336- 30 CE)
The Archaic period was the earliest period in Greek Sculpture which started around 600 B.C. and lasted until 480 B.C. These works have a stiff and ridged appearance similar to that of the Egyptian sculpture.
The second period, the Classical period, was between the Archaic and Hellenistic times. The Classical period shows a very large shift from the stiff Archaic to a more realistic and sometimes idealistic portrayal of the human figure. Females, after the 5th century B.C., were depicted nude, often with flowing robes. The robes gave the sculpture the idea of movement and realism in an effort by the artist to show humans more naturally and realistically.
The third period, the Hellenistic period, started a little before 300 B.C. To the average person, it is more difficult to see the distinctions between the Classical and Hellenistic period. Both periods did the majority of their sculpture as nudes. The Greeks portrayed a young, vigorous, and athletic person in their works. These works idealized the individual and in a way, attempted to capture the idea of youth and strength in their design. The works reflect the commonly held views of youth, strength, courage, and beauty which were encouraged in the Greek City states.
Discobolosc. 450 BCRoman marble copy after the bronze
original by Myronheight 155 cm (61 in)Museo Nazionale Romano, Rome
Compare the statue of Discobolos with the statue of Michael Jordan. How does each civilization portray its athletes? Why?
First free standing sculpture during this period-c. 650 BCE kouros (male) left , kore (female) above
Egyptian (c. 25thcentury BCE) Menkaure and his Queen
Greeks portrayed the gods in very similar fashion as they did the regular humans. There were no distinctions of size or body make up in their sculpture which would suggest that the gods were greater or more powerful then the humans. This is also similar in Greek stories, where the gods are shown to have very human characteristics, both good and bad.
How does this cartoon reflect the influence of the Greeks on our culture?
Nike, Greek Goddess of
The Greeks were blessed with a large supply of marble, which was what they used most in their sculptures. Bronze was also used in their artistic work of humans.
Remember: there are three main periods of Greek Sculpture: Archaic, Classical and Hellenistic.
Ajax on the right says,Tria“Three.” Achilles counters with Tesara“four.” They are believed to be playing dice.
Greek life was dominated by religion and so it is not surprising that the temples of ancient Greece built to honor their gods were the biggest and most beautiful. They also had a political purpose as they were often built to celebrate civic power and pride, or to offer thanksgiving to the patron deity of a city for success in war.
The Greeks developed three architectural systems, called orders, each with their own distinctive proportions and detailing. The Greek orders are: Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian.
Built as a temple of Athena Parthenos ("Virgin") in the Doric Style, the Greek goddess of wisdom on the Acropolis in Athens. The Parthenon was built in the 5th century BC, and despite the enormous damage it has sustained over the centuries, it still communicates the ideals of order and harmony for which Greek architecture is known.
How does the Lincoln Memorial compare to the Parthenon?
Doric: Parthenon - temple of Athena Parthenos
Doric: Temple of Athena Parthenos
Doric: Temple of Hera Parthenos
Doric: Temple of Zeus at Olympia
Ionic: Temple of Apollo at Didyma Parthenos
Erechtheum Parthenos on Acropolis in Athens c. 421 BC
Ionic: Temple of Athena Nike Parthenos – Acropolis Athens c. 427 BC
Corinthian: The temple of Zeus at Athens Parthenos2nd c. BC
The temple of Zeus at Athens Detail Parthenos
Greek tragedies and comedies were always performed in outdoor theaters. Early Greek theaters were probably little more than open areas in city centers or next to hillsides where the audience, standing or sitting, could watch and listen to the chorus singing about the exploits of a god or hero. From the late 6th century BC to the 4th and 3rd centuries BC there was a gradual evolution towards more elaborate theater structures, but the basic layout of the Greek theater remained the same.
How does the Jones Beach Theater compare to the Greek Amphitheater?