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Teachers’ views of the challenges and solutions of their work: including children identified as at-risk and disabled. Sallee Beneke University of Illinois. Increase in Inclusion in Illinois. 1980s: Prekindergarten at-risk for 3- to 5-year-olds began

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Teachers’ views of the challenges and solutions of their work: including children identified as at-risk and disabled

Sallee Beneke

University of Illinois

increase in inclusion in illinois
Increase in Inclusion in Illinois
  • 1980s: Prekindergarten at-risk for 3- to 5-year-olds began
  • 2003: Illinois Early Learning Council recommendation
  • 2005: 72,0003- & 4-year-old served in prekindergarten at-risk classrooms
advent of preschool for all
Advent of Preschool for All
  • February 2006:
    • Governor Blagojevich announces intention to provide pre-k to every Illinois 3- and 4-year-old
  • May, 2006: Legislation passed
  • Fall 2006:
    • 103 Programs were funded ($45 million additional dollars)
      • 88 prekindergarten
      • 15 infant-toddler
    • 10,000 additional children
  • Current funding total is $363 million
  • Fully implementation will serve 190,000
preschool for all curriculum criteria include
Preschool for All Curriculum Criteria Include…
  • Alignment with Illinois Early Learning Standards
  • Inclusion of content to be taught with intentionality and integration
  • Provision for child initiation and engagement
  • Use of content based on research of how young children learn
  • Provision of parent involvement through meaningful communication with families
  • Alignment with authentic assessment tool that is ongoing and comprehensive
criteria cont
Criteria (cont.)
  • Consideration of child’s linguistic and cultural background
  • Consideration of range of experience and qualifications of early childhood teachers
  • Consideration of a wide range of children’s abilities, including those of children with IEP’s
  • Provision of research evidence of the effectiveness of the curriculum
many settings for preschool for all
Many Settings for Preschool for All
  • Public schools
  • University lab schools
  • Charter schools
  • Child care centers
  • Community colleges
  • Private preschools
  • Park districts
  • Faith-based organizations
  • Home-based child-care networks
slide7
Concurrent with increase in inclusion of children with disabilities in pre-kindergarten at-risk classrooms
  • Varying models
  • Increase in consistency for children
  • Reduction in full-day programs
  • Shortage of certified teachers
  • Increase in mentoring programs
  • Increase in monitoring programs
comparison of 2005 2007 survey results
Comparison of 2005 & 2007 Survey Results
  • 2005 -
    • Survey of 73 pre-k teachers from north central Illinois
  • 2007-
    • Survey of 79 educators in pre-kindergarten at-risk programs
      • Examined in terms of position and education
2005 what was useful in training
2005: What Was Useful in Training
  • Child Guidance (39%)
  • Child Development (75%)
  • Assessment (49%
  • Families (43%)
  • Lesson Planning (68%)
  • Management (49%)
2005 what should be added to training
2005: What Should Be Added to Training?
  • Hands-on
  • Classroom management
  • Authentic assessment
  • Behavior management
  • Working with families
  • Special education
  • Working with other adults
2007 survey of preschool for all staff
2007 Survey of Preschool for All Staff
  • Masters - 11
  • Bachelors - 42
  • Associates - 14
  • Administrators - 12
survey population experience
Survey Population - Experience
  • 0-6 Years Experience - 44 Surveys
  • 7-12 Years Experience - 12 Surveys
  • 13-19 Years Experience - 12 Surveys
  • 20+ Years Experience - 15 Surveys
education level administrators
Education Level - Administrators
  • Administrator - 12
    • AA - 3
    • Bachelors - 4
    • Masters - 4
    • PhD - 1
top problems 0 6 years
Top Problems: 0-6 Years
  • Guidance
    • 62% of AA responses
    • 43% of Bachelors
    • 33% of Masters
  • Special Needs Students
    • 37% of AA responses
    • 25%% of Bachelors
    • 50% of Masters
  • Parent Issues
    • 25% of AA
    • 37% of Bachelors
top problems 0 6 years15
Top Problems: 0-6 Years
  • Paperwork & Time
    • 71% of Bachelors
  • Co-workers & Assistants
    • 22% of Bachelors
  • Turnover
    • 66% of Masters
top 3 problems 7 12 years
Top 3 Problems: 7-12 Years
  • Guidance
    • 100% of AA responses (n = 2)
    • 66% of Bachelors (n = 3)
  • Special Needs Students
    • 66% of Bachelors (n = 3)
    • 50% of Masters (n = 3)
  • Paperwork & Time Management
    • 50% of AA responses (n = 2)
    • 100% of Bachelors (n = 3)
    • 100% of Masters (n = 3)
top 3 problems 13 19 years
Top 3 Problems: 13-19 Years
  • Guidance
    • 40% of Bachelors (n = 5)
    • 33% of Masters (n = 3)
  • Special Needs Students
    • Not a problem
  • Paperwork & Time Management
    • 100% of Bachelors (n = 3)
    • 100% of Masters (n = 3)
top 3 problems 20 years
Top 3 Problems: 20+ Years
  • Guidance
    • 50% of Masters (n = 2)
  • Special Needs Students
    • 100% of Masters (n = 2)
  • Paperwork & Time Management
    • 100% of Bachelors (n = 7)
    • 50% of Masters (n = 2)
educators perceptions what would help 0 6 years
Educators’ Perceptions - What Would Help? (0-6 Years)
  • Training/Inservice
    • AA- 100% (n = 8)
    • BA- 33% (n = 33)
  • Strategies/Ideas
    • BA- 39%
  • Reduce Paperwork & improve time Management
    • AA- 50%
  • Programming for parents
    • MA- 66% (n = 3)
  • Improve Administration
    • MA- 50%
educators perceptions what would help 7 12 years
Educators’ Perceptions - What Would Help? (7-12 Years)
  • Training/Inservice
    • AA- 100% (n = 2)
  • More Staff
    • BA- 66%
educators perceptions what would help 13 19 years
Educators’ Perceptions - What Would Help? (13-19 Years)
  • Programming for Parents
    • BA- 40% (n = 5)
  • Inservice
    • BA- 80% (n = 5)
educators perceptions what would help 20 years
Educators’ Perceptions - What Would Help? (20+ Years)
  • Programming for Parents
    • BA- 42% (n = 7)
  • Inservice
    • BA- 28% (n = 5)
    • MA- 100% (n = 2)
important preservice learning 0 6 years experience
Important Preservice Learning 0-6 Years Experience

Associates

  • Value of social-emotional dev. - 2
  • Creative Curriculum - 1
  • Developing materials - 1
  • Field experience - 1
  • Environment - 1
  • Observation Skills - 1
important preservice learning 0 6 years experience29
Important Preservice Learning 0-6 Years Experience

Bachelors

  • Lesson Planning- 8
  • Assessment- 6
  • Parent Involvement- 6
  • Content Areas- 4
  • Child Development - 3
  • Adaptations - 3
  • Individualizing Instruction- 3
  • Environment - 2
  • Open-ended questions - 2
important preservice learning 7 12 years experience
Important Preservice Learning 7-12 Years Experience

Associates

  • Child Development - 1
  • ‘Needed more on “real life” actions and reactions.’

Bachelors

  • Importance of Preparation - 1
  • Methods - 1

Masters

  • Ed Psych - 11
  • Reading - 1
  • Observations at real school - 1
important preservice learning 13 19 years experience
Important Preservice Learning 13-19 years experience

Associates

  • Child Development - 1
  • Learning Styles
  • Best Practices
  • DAP

“Most of the DAP things I do I learned from others in the field. It was so long ago that most of what was appropriate then is no longer DAP”

important preservice learning 13 19 years experience33
Important Preservice Learning 13-19 years experience

Bachelors

  • Child Development - 1
  • Special Ed. courses were helpful - 11
  • Student Teaching
  • Methods
  • Organizing lesson plans
  • Respecting children

“Not much! I went to college when the 04 was just coming out. Most of my professors were ELED professionals and had been in the field for many years. I have learned more ‘on the job’ and from conferences and workshops much like this one.”

“”

important preservice learning 13 19 years experience34
Important Preservice Learning 13-19 years experience

Masters

  • Importance of play
  • Social-emotional guidance
  • Curriculum
  • Assessment
  • History & Philosophy
  • Classroom Management
  • Environment
  • Instructional Techniques
important preservice learning 20
Important Preservice Learning 20+
  • Importance of play
  • Social-emotional guidance
  • Curriculum
  • Assessment
  • History & Philosophy
  • Classroom Management
  • Environment
  • Instructional Techniques
possible implications
Possible Implications?
  • More training in organization and management?
  • More educational psychology?
  • More special education training for all?
  • More specialized training for administrators?
  • More training on teaming?
  • More preservice experience with challenging children and situations?
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