Principles of Infection Control and Personal Protective Equipment. Session Overview. Disease transmission Introduction to personal protective equipment (PPE) How to use PPE Demonstration Infection control precautions In health care facilities In the community. Routes of Transmission.
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Principles of Infection Control and Personal Protective Equipment
Large droplets within 1 meter transmit
Very small particles of desiccated
droplets or dust with infectious agent
Host comes into contact with reservoir
Kissing, skin-to-skin contact, sexual intercourse
Contact with soil or vegetation
Disease is carried from reservoir to host
Contaminated surfaces (fomites)
Masks and Respirators: Barriers and Filtration
Inhale – respirator should collapse
Exhale – check for leakage around face
Surgical Masks (if N95 not available)
N95 Particulate Respirators
Remove in anteroom when possible
Precautions for Suspected or Confirmed Cases
Infection Control Precaution
Acute influenza symptom + contact with poultry
Surgical mask for patient, use tissue when coughing, sneezing
Isolation room, use of PPE
Apply all infection control precautions
Test for influenza A/H5
If Confirmed Influenza A/H5
Maintain required infection control precautions
Floor level exhaust
10 ml bleach + 990 ml cold tap water
20 ml bleach + 980 ml cold tap water
% chlorine in liquid bleach / 100
- 1 =
Desired ppm chlorine / 1,000,000
5 / 100
- 1 =
500 / 1,000,000
- 1 = 99
Application of Infection Control Activities during an Investigation
Contact with. . .
1. Giving a bath?
2. Transporting a patient in a wheelchair?
3. Responding to an emergency where blood is spurting?
4. Drawing blood from a vein?
5. Cleaning an incontinent patient with diarrhea?
6 Taking vital signs?