Alopecia areata
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Alopecia Areata. By Sami and Kyle. What is it?. Alopecia Areata is a condition that causes round patches of hair loss. About the size of a quarter In some cases people can lose more hair…. Total Hair Loss. Why is it Autoimmune?.

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Alopecia areata

Alopecia Areata

By Sami and Kyle


What is it
What is it?

  • Alopecia Areata is a condition that causes round patches of hair loss.

    • About the size of a quarter

  • In some cases people can lose more hair…



Why is it autoimmune
Why is it Autoimmune?

  • White blood cells gather around the affected hair root or hair follicle and are mistaken by the body as foreign.

  • This will cause mild inflammation which leads to the hair becoming weak and falling out resulting in bald patches on the head or on the body.

  • Scientists believe there are certain genes that cause Alopecia Areata.


Symptoms
Symptoms

  • Patchy hair loss

    • 1 or more coin-sized, round, smooth, bare patches

  • “Exclamation mark” hairs

    • Hairs that get narrower at the bottom


Symptoms1
Symptoms

  • Widespread hair loss

    • This is uncommon

  • Nail problems

    • Tiny pinpoint dents (pitting), white spots or lines, be rough, loss of shine, or become thin and split. Rarely nails change shape or fall off


Treatment mild cases
Treatment: Mild Cases

  • This is cases with less than 50% hair loss

    • Cortisone injections

    • Topical Minoxidil

    • Anthralin cream or ointment


Treatment severe cases
Treatment: Severe Cases

  • This is cases with more than 50% hair loss

    • Cortisone Pills

    • Topical Immunotherapy

    • Wigs


Other info
Other Info

  • To test for alopecia areata a scalp biopsy will be done, blood tests may be done to check for autoimmune conditions and thyroid problems.

  • Full recovery is common unless they got it when they were young, have had it for a long time, have widespread or complete hair loss or have eczema.


Works cited
Works Cited

  • http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002421/

  • http://www.hairtherapyforwomen.com/causes.html

  • http://www.dermaamin.com/site/atlas-of-dermatology/21-v/1512-vitiligoalopecia-areata-.html

  • http://www.niams.nih.gov

  • http://www.patient.co.uk/health/Alopecia-Areata.htm

  • http://www.aad.org/dermatology-a-to-z/diseases-and-treatments/a---d/alopecia-areata/signs-symptoms

  • http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p356.html

  • http://dermatology.about.com/cs/hairloss/a/alopeciaareata.htm

  • http://www.naaf.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_alopecia_treatment\

  • http://www.aocd.org/skin/dermatologic_diseases/alopecia_areata.html

  • http://marbohair.com/initiator-of-alopecia-totalis/

  • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001450.htm


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