Unit 6 Women,. Grasp the main idea (the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goal) and structure of the text Appreciate how the author achieves coherence for her essay Master key languages points and grammatical structures
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Grasp the main idea (the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goal) and structure of the text
Appreciate how the author achieves coherence for her essay
Master key languages points and grammatical structures
Conduct a series of activities related to the text
Words，Phrases & Sentence structures
Key to exercise of Text A
Key to exercises of Text B
Who is the first person to say that “women, half the sky”?
Women, Half the sky !
In the old society of China, women in general were inferior to man. They always do housework all the time, and not have their own spare time. Maybe it was a luxury , or it is impossible for them to relax and learning knowledge.
As time goes on, the society is developing dramatically in all fields. Women’s role in society of China has been undergoing great changes. Overall, women become increasingly independent.
Women have the rights to receive education. From working as nurses and teachers to doctors, engineers and managers, women are no longer confined to certain professions.
They even surpass men in some fields which used to be dominated by men. With the recognition of women’s abilities, they are receiving growing respect from society.
A woman’s place is in the home
A woman’s work is never done
What’s your understanding of the above sayings?
Can you give an account of a typical day of your mother?
Do you want your future wife / yourself to be a working woman or housewife？ Give reasons.
If you were reborn, would you prefer to be a man or a woman? Why?
Sexism at Work
A college graduate who goes to New York City and gets a job as a co-assistant to powerful and demanding fashion magazine editor Miranda Priestly.
Starring the “boss from hell”， Streep manages to make the character both amusing, scary and touching (sometimes simultaneously).
In the 1960s feminism (=the belief that women and men are equal in abilities and should have equal rights and opportunities) became the subject of intense debate when the women’s liberation movement encouraged women to reject their traditional supporting role and to demand equal status and equal rights with men in areas such as employment and pay.
Since then the gender gap between the sexes has been reduced. However, the battle between feminist and traditional views of a woman’s role continues. It is widely accepted by younger people that women should, if they wish, be allowed to develop their careers and not give up work when they have a family.
The Brooklyn Bridge
1. A friend said that…, she had a bridge in Brooklyn she’d like to sell me.(L6)
2. Despite my friend’s…to buy that bridge she mentioned. (L66)
3. Then I’ll tell her …her own version of that bridge after all. (L86)
Evening provides some of the most recognizable images of the New York icon: Brooklyn Bridge at night has been captured in countless photographs. Bright lights fall on the Brooklyn Bridge at night, illuminating one of the most beloved structures in New York City.
A National Historic Landmark.
Completed over a century ago, the Brooklyn Bridge still stands today as not only a beautiful and iconic image of New York City, but also a functioning link between Manhattan and Brooklyn.
This bridge is traversed by over 140,000 pedestrians（行人）, bicyclists, and motorists each day. History of the Brooklyn Bridge spans from the commencement(开始) of construction in 1870 to the day Brooklyn Bridge Manhattan was finally completed in 1883.
Tricking sb. in a deal
Produces oil, gas, coal, wheat and cotton
The name Oklahoma was derived by combining the Choctaw words for “red” and “people”. Part of the state’s area had been originally put aside for settlement of Native Americans and was known as Indian Territory（领域）. The other section of the state, Oklahoma Territory, was gradually opened for white settlement toward the end of the 19th century. Oklahoma earned its nickname, the Sooner State, from the fact that some land-hungry settlers, known as the Sooners（抢先占有土地者）, jumped the starting gun that was to open one section of the territory to settlers and rushed in to take land before they were legally entitled to do so.
Oklahoma was admitted to the Union on November 16, 1907, as the 46th state. Resulting from the combination of Indian and Oklahoma territories, the state retains marked features of its Native American heritage in the makeup of its population and the Indian place-names in the state.
John Milton (1608~1674), English poet
Part Division of the Text
Despite her friend’s advice, the author, unable to resist the temptation, falls for superwomen stories again.
Her encounter with a superwomen and its impact on her.
She tells about what prevents her from becoming a superwoman herself.
Whether you like it or not, women in many cases have to take up more responsibilities than men. That’s why the author writes: “Men have generally been assured that achieving their heart’s desires would be a piece of cake. Women, of course, have always believed that we can’t have our cake and eat it too.” What she means is that men are encouraged to achieve their goals in life, but women know that they can only achieve some goals at the expense of other goals. However, there are superwomen in the real world who are able to perform great deeds and to enjoy their lives at the same time. It is they who give the average woman the courage to go on, that is to say, the belief in superwomen encourages average women to achieve their goals.
Part Division of the Text
She analyzes why she is still fascinated by modern superwomen tales.
She comes to the conclusion that to her, admiring a heroine is something worth doing.
1.Find as many words or phrases as possible related to food in the text .
to bake cakes
a piece of cake
you can’t eat the cake and have it too
the old low-dream diet
a diet without treats
a whole box of cookies
2.Can you get the implied meaning of those words or phrases?
Those words or phrases just reflect the traditional role of women as food-providers.
Coherence & repetition
Three main ways of achieving coherence in this text:
1. Try to find transitional words like but, however, yet,
especially in Paragraphs 8 to 10.
2. The most striking feature of this text is the repetition of key words and phrases. Try to scan the whole text to find the
following key words and phrases.
L4: in her spare time
L6: in her spare time
L33: in her spare time
L36: in their spare time
L37: in your spare time
What is the purpose of repeating key words ?
synonymous phrases of fairy tale
modern fairy tale,
point out the fact that many people do not believe in superwomen stories.
Superwomen in the text
L10: incredible accomplishments
L63: modern fairy tales
L70: extraordinary deeds
L76: an impossible dream
Superwomen: no easy job (paras. 8-11)
1) a single piece of news
There is a fascinating news item in Today’s China Daily.
2) a single article or unit on a list or among a set
There are at least 50 items on her Christmas shopping list.
n. a rough outline or version
My student emailed the first draft of his thesis to me yesterday.
This is only the first draft of my speech, but what do you think of it?
v. (fml) disturb or upset greatly
My daughter’s idea about wealth undid me.
2. v.untie, open
Would you please undo this knot for me?
3. V. Ruin
In 5 minutes he undidmy whole day’s work.
What is done can’t be undone.
(of marks, etc.) have the intended effect
His criticism hit home. I was really selfish.
I could see from her expression that his comments had hit home.
It seemed incredible that people would still want to play soccer during a war.
There has been an incredible amount of interest in the information highway during the last few years.
v.eat or drink
Michael consumes nearly a pound of cheese per day.
2. v.use up
E.g. The human body consumes energy in the form of carbohydrates.
1) take care of
The college students volunteered to care for the elderly in their community.
2) like or love
She had two sons and didn’t care for either.
My mother doesn’t really care for tea; she likes coffee better.
a large business or company
Several multi-national corporations are located in the new district of Pudong.
It’s easier for students graduating from well-known universities to get positions in large multinational corporations.
adv. not happening often
Rarely have I seen a student who is so absorbed in history.
He very rarely wears a raincoat because he spends most of his time in a car.
It’s strange that the couple were rarely seen together.
n. a person who buys goods or service
Our company is CITI Bank’s most valued client.
The company requires clients to pay substantial fees in advance.
n. the flat area formed by your thighs when you are sitting down
Sitting on her mother’s lap, the little girl was quiet.
2. n. a part of long journey, between two points where you stop
The first lap of our trip is from New York City to Boston.
n. pleasant combination of different notes of music played at the same time
The kids are singing in harmony.
2. n. a state or condition of agreement, cooperation, or peacefulness
Since they moved to this community they have lived in harmony with their neighbors.
as a result of inborn or inherent qualities; innately
He is by nature rather an aggressive person.
I’m not by nature a violent man, but these insults were more than I could bear.
(infml) organize oneself and one’s activities so that one does things in an effective way
Steve will have to get his act together if he is going to pass the exam. He can’t just sit about doing nothing all day.
adj. relating to the armed forces of a country
The president has not ruled out the possibility of military action.
Your working day will need to be organized with military precision.
V. start to write
The instant he put pencil to paper, his four-year-old son would sit beside him quietly.
When I put pencil to paper yesterday, vivid memories came flooding back of my first day in school.
1. sth. that happens at intervals happens occasionally
The interview continued, with Smith breaking off at intervals to consult his notes.
2. used to state the precise gap in time or distance between things
There were red warning lights at intervals along the street.
put (time or money) away for a special purpose
I have a little money set aside for emergencies.
My husband set aside half an hour every morning to do sports.
do sth. quickly in order to finish it in the available time
The deadline will be due tomorrow. We have to race the clock.
The semester is coming to an end. We have to race the clock every day to prepare for our final exams.
v. (fml) have or own
It is said that Michael possesses a fortune of more than two billion dollars.
The number of nations that possess nuclear weapons in on the rise.
wait patiently for a chance
His political rivals are biding their time until after the election for a chance to attack his policies.
She bided her time, planning revenge.
1. v. attract; give pleasure to
I was charmed by her slim figure and soft voice.
2. n. pleasing quality; attractiveness
“Snowwhite and Seven Dwarves” has never lost its original charm.
(usu. passive) cheat
She was so smart that she couldn’t be taken in by her colleagues.
The students played a trick on their teacher. Unfortunately he was taken in completely.
adv. in spite of
Despite the fact that she fell midway through the race, she won.
They had a wonderful holiday, despite the bad weather.
Despite wanting to see him again, she refused to reply to his letters.
I am not sure what her job is, but it has something to do with marketing.
His decision to move overseas has a lot to do with his financial problem.
get sb./sth. you want very much
To achieve her heart’s desires, she had to work from morning to night.
When she agreed to marry him he felt he had achieved his heart’s desire.
sth. that is very easy to do
Getting in tough with his overseas friends via email is a piece of cake for the old man.
Shopping on line is a piece of cake for the five-year-old.
worldly-wise; showing knowledge of the world
Richard was still young, but he was sophisticated enough to know when people were not telling the truth.
2. advanced or complicated
The missile has a sophisticated guidance system.
1. stop doing one thing and begin dealing with the next
We’re about to move on to the second stage of the project.
She ran this shop for ten years before deciding to move on to the real estate business.
v. putting money in sth.
More and more people have the desire to buy a house as an investment.
Buying shares in blue-chip companies is always a sound investment.
Total foreign investment in America still constitutes only a small portion of US assets.
1. I should have known better than to ask…(L32)
2. Other women,…, not only during office hours, butin their spare time as well. (L35)
3. I imagine how lovely life would be if only I possessed …(L60)
have time for sth.
as precisely as a Swiss watch
have a familiar ring
movers and shakers
postdoctoral studies in physics
schedule of military precision
OK the matter
the organizational skill
an optimistic approach to life
have one’s cake and eat it
Talk about the Pictures
Talk about the Pictures
Move on to
11. At intervals
Though Roger is absolutely convinced that the plan will work, I am still skeptical of / about it.
Carol’s worrying about her daughter has much to do with her being hooked on the internet recently.
Alison’s so disorganized-I wish she’d get her act togher.
Despite her resolution not to believe such modern fairy tales any more, she couldn’t resist the idea of admiring superheroines.
Don’t be taken in；his charming; by nature; rarely.
is racing the clock；sophisticated.
Reproaches; for possessing; consuming
I used to hate jogging but I’m actually growing to like it now.
We didn’t have the chance to see her-she was too busy
It seems she was coming to understand it better as she grew older.
How did you manage to become a television anchorwoman?
Gradually I came to like the proposal she brought forward in the group discussion.
You’re becoming more and more like your mother.
1）If only it were that simple!
We could go out this afternoon if only it would stop raining.
If only she hadn’t told David about that, everything would have been all right.
If only she hadn’t come into the room at that particular moment.
1）Tom is/was too intelligent for his class so he is/was not learning anything there.
The task is/was far too difficult for a nine-year old.
There are/were too many people for such a small room.
The noise became too much for me so I went and complained.
Put pen to paper
9. Piece of cake
10. Get our act together
Barbara has dreamed of becoming a CEO for a long time. To achieve her heart’s desire, she applied for a job in many a multi-national corporation, but failed to get it. However, nothing seems to be able to undo her. With a loan from a local bank she opened a restaurant not long ago. While doing business she is having two young children to care for. Also, she is working at/studying for an MBA degree. Despite all this she manages to get her act together. Nevertheless, even to her, racing the clock is by no means a piece of cake. It’s a very exhausting job.
live for take/get/gain credit (for sth.)
party die of quit reaction
plead temporary renew soak up
at every opportunity weigh down
semester expensive stir plentiful
take back set out to do (sth.)
in control (of sth.) seek after
Takes all the credit
In control of\
At every opportunity
Thank you !