Civil War. Review. Election of 1860 Secession. 1 st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC. April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies Lincoln declared South in rebellion. After Fort Sumter ….
Functioning Gov’t.Union Strengths
Preservation of Way of LifeConfederate Strengths
2.Rifling – spiral groove cut inside gun barrel
Canister – Shell filled w/ tiny lead ballsNew Technology
Ironclad Gunboats – steamships w/ iron platingNew Technology
Draft – required military service
Suspended Writ of Habeas Corpus – right to a trial before imprisonmentIncreased Gov’t Power
Internal Revenue Act – tax on liquor, tobacco, medicine & paper
became Internal Revenue Service (IRS)Increased Gov’t Power
Created National Currency: GreenbacksIncreased Gov’t Power
Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 – project to connect East & West w/ railroadsIncreased Gov’t Power
Rep. – Abraham Lincoln
Dem. – George McClellan
Docs did not sterilize equipment!
Went days w/out washing equipment!
High rates of infectionMedical Conditions
Some tried to make changes: