Civil war
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 39

Civil War PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 86 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Civil War. Review. Election of 1860 Secession. 1 st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC. April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies Lincoln declared South in rebellion. After Fort Sumter ….

Download Presentation

Civil War

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Civil War


Review

  • Election of 1860

  • Secession


1st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC

  • April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire

  • Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies

  • Lincoln declared South in rebellion


After Fort Sumter…

  • VA, NC, TN & AK joined Confederacy

  • Borders States - between North & South

    • became very important to the North – DE, MD, WV, KY & MO


More Railroads

More Factories

Balanced Economy

Larger Population

Functioning Gov’t.

Union Strengths


More Trained Officers

Defensive Position

Preservation of Way of Life

Confederate Strengths


New Technology

  • Bullet – long piece of metal w/ rounded end


New Technology

2.Rifling – spiral groove cut inside gun barrel


New Technology

  • Shell – Exploding cannon ball


Canister – Shell filled w/ tiny lead balls

New Technology


Ironclad Gunboats – steamships w/ iron plating

New Technology


Draft – required military service

Suspended Writ of Habeas Corpus – right to a trial before imprisonment

Increased Gov’t Power


Internal Revenue Act – tax on liquor, tobacco, medicine & paper

became Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

Increased Gov’t Power


Created National Currency: Greenbacks

Increased Gov’t Power


Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 – project to connect East & West w/ railroads

Increased Gov’t Power


Increased Gov’t Power

  • Emancipation Proclamation: all enslaved people in areas of open rebellion were freed


Company C of the 54th MA Regiment

  • 1st African American Regiment

  • Led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw

  • Most of the regiment was killed during attack on Fort Wagner


Election of 1864


Election of 1864

Rep. – Abraham Lincoln

Dem. – George McClellan

  • Lincoln thought he would lose!

  • McClellan hated Lincoln!


Election of 1864

  • Just before the election Sherman took Atlanta

  • This victory changed the country’s outlook

  • Lincoln won re-election


Civil War Prison Camps

North

  • Point Lookout, MA

  • Camp Chase, OH

  • Fort Delaware


Civil War Prison Camps

South

  • Libby’s Prison, VA

  • Andersonville, Ga

    • 100 soldiers died a day

    • Commander guilty of war crimes


TERRIBLE!

Docs did not sterilize equipment!

Went days w/out washing equipment!

High rates of infection

Medical Conditions


Medical Conditions

Some tried to make changes:

  • Clara Barton – gave first aide to troops & started Red Cross

  • Dorothea Dix – Organized Union’s nursing corps


Economy

NORTH

  • Flourished

  • Industry boomed

  • Women took jobs in factories

SOUTH

  • Declined

  • Food Shortages

  • Still produced cotton & not food crops


  • Login