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Civil War. Review. Election of 1860 Secession. 1 st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC. April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies Lincoln declared South in rebellion. After Fort Sumter ….

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Civil War

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Civil war

Civil War


Review

Review

  • Election of 1860

  • Secession


1 st unofficial battle fort sumter sc

1st (Unofficial) Battle: Fort Sumter, SC

  • April 12, 1861 – General PGT Beauregard opened fire

  • Major Robert Anderson tried to hold fort but ran out of supplies

  • Lincoln declared South in rebellion


After fort sumter

After Fort Sumter…

  • VA, NC, TN & AK joined Confederacy

  • Borders States - between North & South

    • became very important to the North – DE, MD, WV, KY & MO


Union strengths

More Railroads

More Factories

Balanced Economy

Larger Population

Functioning Gov’t.

Union Strengths


Confederate strengths

More Trained Officers

Defensive Position

Preservation of Way of Life

Confederate Strengths


New technology

New Technology

  • Bullet – long piece of metal w/ rounded end


New technology1

New Technology

2.Rifling – spiral groove cut inside gun barrel


New technology2

New Technology

  • Shell – Exploding cannon ball


New technology3

Canister – Shell filled w/ tiny lead balls

New Technology


New technology4

Ironclad Gunboats – steamships w/ iron plating

New Technology


Increased gov t power

Draft – required military service

Suspended Writ of Habeas Corpus – right to a trial before imprisonment

Increased Gov’t Power


Increased gov t power1

Internal Revenue Act – tax on liquor, tobacco, medicine & paper

became Internal Revenue Service (IRS)

Increased Gov’t Power


Increased gov t power2

Created National Currency: Greenbacks

Increased Gov’t Power


Increased gov t power3

Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 – project to connect East & West w/ railroads

Increased Gov’t Power


Increased gov t power4

Increased Gov’t Power

  • Emancipation Proclamation: all enslaved people in areas of open rebellion were freed


Company c of the 54 th ma regiment

Company C of the 54th MA Regiment

  • 1st African American Regiment

  • Led by Colonel Robert Gould Shaw

  • Most of the regiment was killed during attack on Fort Wagner


Election of 1864

Election of 1864


Election of 18641

Election of 1864

Rep. – Abraham Lincoln

Dem. – George McClellan

  • Lincoln thought he would lose!

  • McClellan hated Lincoln!


Election of 18642

Election of 1864

  • Just before the election Sherman took Atlanta

  • This victory changed the country’s outlook

  • Lincoln won re-election


Civil war prison camps

Civil War Prison Camps

North

  • Point Lookout, MA

  • Camp Chase, OH

  • Fort Delaware


Civil war prison camps1

Civil War Prison Camps

South

  • Libby’s Prison, VA

  • Andersonville, Ga

    • 100 soldiers died a day

    • Commander guilty of war crimes


Medical conditions

TERRIBLE!

Docs did not sterilize equipment!

Went days w/out washing equipment!

High rates of infection

Medical Conditions


Medical conditions1

Medical Conditions

Some tried to make changes:

  • Clara Barton – gave first aide to troops & started Red Cross

  • Dorothea Dix – Organized Union’s nursing corps


Economy

Economy

NORTH

  • Flourished

  • Industry boomed

  • Women took jobs in factories

SOUTH

  • Declined

  • Food Shortages

  • Still produced cotton & not food crops


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