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Shinto. Background info. 500 BC Japan The Way of the Spirits 4 forms: Koshitso Shinto Jinja Shinto Shuma Shinto Minzoku Shinto. They believe that the universe was made up of In and Yo created egg shaped masses that was to become heaven and earth.

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background info
Background info
  • 500 BC Japan
  • The Way of the Spirits
  • 4 forms:
      • Koshitso Shinto
      • Jinja Shinto
      • Shuma Shinto
      • Minzoku Shinto
origins of the universe

They believe that the universe was made up of In and Yo

  • created egg shaped masses that was to become heaven and earth.
  • The pure masses which rose to the top became heaven and bottom became earth
Origins of the Universe
principal beliefs
Principal Beliefs
  • Four aspects of Shinto:
    • Tradition and family: must be honoured
    • Love of nature: shrines are built in special places.
    • Physical Cleanliness: “Purity is at the heart of the understanding of good and evil”.
    • Festival and ceremonies: “Matsuri”, joyful occasions with lots of colour and activity.
  • They also believe that they are the children of the Kami because all life comes from the Kami.
supernatural powers and deities
Supernatural Powers and Deities
  • No supernatural or single transcendent God
  • Believe in Kami who aren’t regarded as Gods
  • Adherents believe that Kami are associated with
    • Rocks
    • Communities
    • Families
  • Seen as protectors
rituals and influence on society
Rituals and influence on society
  • Purification before prayer.
  • Matsuri: a ritual occasion for the Kami where adherents give praise and thanks to them
  • Rituals include: rites of passage of birth, celebrations at various ages of life for girls and boys, marriage, and the celebration of anscestors.
  • Offerings are made (food and drink)
rituals and influence on society1
Rituals and influence on society
  • Festivals: Kami is taken out to the community on wheeled trolleys (Mikoshi), they are paraded around the village-bring good luck, fortunes and blessings Common festivals:
    • Oshogatsu- New years celebration
    • Seijin Shiki- Adults Day, coming of age celebration
    • Haru Matsuri- Spring celebration
    • Aki Matsuri- Autumm festival
the human search for meaning
The Human Search for Meaning
  • Not a way of explaining the world
  • Not thought of religion, but part of life
  • Sees people as good
  • Makoto: Sincerity of heart
  • Emphasis is placed on right practice, sensibility and attitude