Ethnobotanical methods
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Ethnobotanical Methods. Researchers and Informants in Bolivia. Study of the on-going process of domestication. 1. Informant interviews – especially about desired traits, planting methods, methods of selection for breeding or seed stock. 2. Participation observation

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Ethnobotanical Methods

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Ethnobotanical Methods

Researchers and Informants in Bolivia


Study of the on-going process of domestication

1. Informant interviews – especially about desired traits, planting methods, methods of selection for breeding or seed stock.

2. Participation observation

3. Collection of native texts

4. Field observations – grain, fruit, or vegetable measurements; altitude, temperature, varietal flowering and maturation rates; mapping locations and distances to fields from farm or village; soil and vegetative analysis of sample fields at various stages of crop-fallow cycle.


Phytoanthropology

Phytoanthropology examines the extent of similarities and differences in the responses of various human communities to their plant neighbors, and the reasons for these human responses.


Bo Tree – Ficus religiosa


Silk Cotton Tree – Bombax ceiba


Arrowhead –Sagittaria sagittifolia


Historical Ethnobotany


Hildegard of Bingen

1098 - 1179


Joseph Smith

1805 - 1844


Fertile Crescent


King Assurbanipal – 668-626 BCE

In his garden with Queen and Servants


Babylonian Medicine


Datura stramonium


Cannabis sativa


Mandrake – Atropa mandragora


Mandrake – Atropa mandragora

ca. 1474


Water lily – Nymphaea alba


Vitis vinifera var. Pinot Noir


Opium poppy – Papaver somniferum


Ergot – Claviceps purpurea


Fly agaric – Amanita muscaria


Amanita muscaria ornaments?


Sumerian

Headdress


Sun god Horus and Tuth-Shena


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