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The Conditional. By Amy Roper. The Conditional. The conditional tense is used in a largely similar way to that in which it is used in English. It expresses a condition, i.e. ‘would’ in English. Formation of The Conditional.

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The Conditional

By Amy Roper


The Conditional

The conditional tense is used in a largely similar way to that in which it is used in English.

It expresses a condition, i.e. ‘would’ in English.


Formation of The Conditional

The Conditional Tense is formed by taking the FUTURE STEM of the verb, and adding the IMPERFECT ENDINGS.

  • je ____ ais

  • Tu ____ ais

  • il ____ ait

  • Nous ____ ions

  • Vous iez

  • ils ____ aient


Formation of The Conditional Tense

For example Using the verb Jouer – to play, we take the infinitive and add the conditional endings

je jouerais

Tu jouerais

Il jouerait

Nous jouerions

Vous joueriez

Ils joueraient


Future stem

  • For most verbs you use the infinitive form of the verb

    For example

    Jouer

    However there are some irregular verbs where the stem changes completely

    For example

    Venir becomes viendr…


Further examples of irregular stems

  • Here are some other examples of the different future tense forms.

  • Aller – ir

  • Avoir – aur

  • Faire – fer

  • Vouloir – voudr

  • Pouvoir – pourr

  • Savoir – saur

  • Etre - ser


The Conditional Tense

Examples:

I would go shopping if ...

I would fly if I had wings…

I would type faster if I had more hands…


Si Clauses

The IMPERFECT and CONDITIONAL are used together in "si clauses" in the same way as they are used in English.

e.g. If I won the lottery, I would buy a larger house.

Si je gagnais à la loterie, j'achèterais une plus grande maison.

If my friend was not on holiday, we would go to the cinema together,

Si mon ami n'était pas en vacances, nous irions ensemble au cinéma


Exercices

  • You would find …………………………….

  • We would change…………………………

  • They (males) would talk……………………

  • I would give …………………………….

  • He would eat …………………………….

  • She would find…………………………….

  • They would work…………………………….



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