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Summary of the scientific results achieved by APICE project Salvatore Patti 1 , Alexander Armengaud 2 , John G. Bartzis 3 , Nicolas Marchand 4 , Jorge Pey 5 , Anastasia Poupkou 6 , Paolo Prati 7 A.De Bortoli 1 , S.DeVettori 1 , G.Giraldo 1 , E.Elvini 1 ,G.Formenton 1 ,

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Summary of the scientific results achieved by

APICE project

Salvatore Patti1, Alexander Armengaud2, John G. Bartzis3,Nicolas Marchand4,

Jorge Pey5, Anastasia Poupkou6, Paolo Prati7

A.De Bortoli1, S.DeVettori1, G.Giraldo1, E.Elvini1,G.Formenton1,

A.Latella1, F.Liguori1, S.Pillon1, L.Susanetti1, E.Tarabotti1,

D.Piga2, A.Detournay4, D.Salameh4,

K.F.Filiou3, D.Saraga3, E.I.Tolis3

N.Perez5, X.Querol5,

N.Liora 6, K.Markakis 6, T.Giannaros 6, D.Melas6,

C.Bove7, P.Brotto7, F.Cassola7, E.Cuccia7

1ARPA Veneto - Regional Air Observatory, Venice, Italy,

2AirPACA, Marseille, France

3University of Western Macedonia, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Env. Techn., Lab., Kozani, Greece

4Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, Laboratoire Chimie Environnement,, Marseille, France

5Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research –CSIC, Barcelona, Spain

6Aristotle University of Thessaloniki-Lab. of Atmospheric Physics, Thessaloniki, Greece

7University of Genoa & INFN, Dept. of Physics , Genoa, Italy


Common Mediterranean strategy and local practical Actions for the mitigation of Port, Industries and Cities Emissions

Intersectorial approach

Double-helix modelof the partnership

Budget: 2.281.400,00 €

Project timetable: June 2010- February 2013

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012

2


S contents
’s contents

The focus

Reduction of air pollution in port cities,

selecting the most effective policies in terms of cost/benefits balance

Specific objectives

Pinpointing the relative contribution to air quality of pollution sources in the 5 project harbour areas (focus on PM10 & PM2.5)

2. Strengthen the governance capacity to arbitratebetween conflicting socio-economic & environmental interests by including the air pollution analysis and trend scenarios within the already existing Sectorial Plans

3. Facilitate and promotevoluntary agreementsbetween local administration, port authorities, ship owners and cargos’ handlers to reduce air pollution caused by on-berth vessels (“green ports” approach)

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012

3


http://www.apice-project.eu

Results section

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012


PM10 emissions pie diagrams

Genoa

36x19km2 Resolution: 1km x 1km Reference year: 2005

Barcelona

100x100km2, Resolution: 50km x 50km, Reference year: 2008

Local Emission inventories

Thessaloniki

100x100km2, Resolution: 2km x 2 km Reference year: 2008

Marseille

100x100km2 Resolution: 1km x 1km Reference year: 2007

Venice

100x100km2 Resolution: 4km x 4km Reference year: 2008

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012


Socio economic indicators

Intercomparison of the 5 cities

WP3.3 socio-economic trends

6


Intercomparison sampling in Marseille

25th January – 2nd March 2011

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012

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Long monitoring campaign in Barcelona

  • PM10, PM2.5, PM1, NOx, SO2, H2S, Meteo real time measurements

  • PM10 & PM2.5 sampling using high-vol instruments (2 samples of each fraction per week)

  • Chemical characterization of samples

  • -ICP-AES (Al, Fe, Ca, K, Na, Mg, S, P)

  • - ICP-MS (Li, Be, Ti, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Ni, V, Sn, Sb, Cd, Pb, Bi, Th, U, Mo, Sr, Rb, Cr, As, Se, Ge, Ga, Zr, Hf, Ta, Tl, Rare earths, etc)

  • - Ionic chromatography (SO42-, NO3-, Cl-). Electrode for NH4+

  • - OC and EC by Sunset


Long monitoring campaign in Marseille

Harbor/indus. environment

Urban background environment

Sampling site (same of IC campaign)

~ 40 km

Marseille

West Harbour + indus. Area

East Harbour

  • Sampling strategy :

  • PM10 and PM2.5 (dichotomous sampler)

  • 1 year at urban background + 6 months in each Harbor/indus site

  • one sample / week (52x 2 sites x 2 size ranges = 208 samples)

  • Analytical and SA strategies :

  • OC/EC, major ions, organic markers, metals/elements

  • CMB and PMF


Long monitoring campaign in Genoa

All samples: gravimetric + metals (ED-XRF) +EC/OC (Sunset) + Ions (chromatography). PMF analysis

Site3: Genoa Bolzaneto

Urban Background

Site2: Genoa Multedo

Urban Background

Site1: Genoa city

Urban Background


Long monitoring campaign in venice
Long monitoring campaign in Venice

Ions Na, Cl, K, SO4, NO3, NH4, Mg, Ca

Heavy Metals As, Ni, Pb, Cd, V, Cu, Zn, Al, Mn, Cr,

Co, Sb, Sn, Tl, Fe

SVOC PAHs, Alkanes, hopanes, steranes

UB Urban Background

(Parco Bissuola)

IB Industrial Background

(Malcontenta)

HA Harbour Area

(Venice downtown, Giudecca island)

11


Long monitoring campaign in Thessaloniki

PORT

CITY HALL

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012


Long monitoring campaign outcomes

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012


Source Apportionment by Chemical Transport Models

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012


Source Apportionment by receptor models

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012c


Identification of risk activity

2011 ship emissions by ship categories and navigation phases


Scenarios analysis

Present time scenarios (base case run 2011)

Future development scenarios (base future run)

(BCN 2015; Ve, Th, Ge: 2020; Ms 2025)

Future mitigation scenarios (future run + emissions mitigations)

  • Cold ironing for cruise ships or Ro-pax vessels

  • 0.1% for sulfur content in fuels to be used also in manouvering phase

  • Scrubbers to be used in hotelling or manouvering phase

  • Use of LNG fuel

  • Displacement in different areas of harbour terminals

  • Chemical wetting agents to control the storage pile emissions

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012

17


Model application and scenarios for port cities sustainable development strategies

APICE final Conference

Venice, 8 November 2012

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Special thanks for the scientific coordination to: development strategies

John G. Bartzis3,Nicolas Marchand4,

Jorge Pey5, Anastasia Poupkou6, Paolo Prati7

3University of Western Macedonia, Dept of Mechanical Engineering, Env. Techn., Lab., Kozani, Greece

4Aix-Marseille Univ, CNRS, Laboratoire Chimie Environnement,, Marseille, France

5Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research –CSIC, Barcelona, Spain

6Aristotle University of Thessaloniki-Lab. of Atmospheric Physics, Thessaloniki, Greece

7University of Genoa & INFN, Dept. of Physics , Genoa, Italy


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