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Kouroi and Korai. An Evolution of Sculptural Style. Kouros (Kouroi). New York Kouros (600 BCE) Sounion Kouros (580 BCE) Kleobis and Biton (580 BCE) Tanagra Boys (580 BCE) Anavysos Kouros (530 BCE) Aristodikos Kouros (510 - 500 BCE) Kritios Boy (490 - 480 BCE). NY KOUROS. NY MMA 32.11.1

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Kouroi and korai

Kouroi and Korai

An Evolution of Sculptural Style


Kouros kouroi
Kouros (Kouroi)

  • New York Kouros (600 BCE)

  • Sounion Kouros (580 BCE)

  • Kleobis and Biton (580 BCE)

  • Tanagra Boys (580 BCE)

  • Anavysos Kouros (530 BCE)

  • Aristodikos Kouros (510 - 500 BCE)

  • Kritios Boy (490 - 480 BCE)


Ny kouros
NY KOUROS

  • NY MMA 32.11.1

  • 1.84 m in height

  • From Attica

  • 600 BCE

  • Egyptian grid-design

  • Attention to patterning

  • No real anatomy


Sounion kouros
Sounion Kouros

  • Athens, National Museum

  • Restored height 3.05 m

  • Found in a pit at the sanctuary of Poseidon at Sounion

  • Like NY Kouros but more achieved

  • Seashell like curls, washboard stomach, rounder musculature


Design
Design

  • Ionic volute ear

  • Careful attention to texture of hair

  • Love of geometric form and symmetrical patterning


Kleobis and biton
Kleobis and Biton

  • Delphi Museum

  • Restored height of 1.97 m

  • 580 BCE

  • Story of their sacrifice in Herodotus i.31

  • Artist’s inscription: [Poly]medes the Argive made this.


Boys from tanagra
Boys from Tanagra

  • Athens, National Mus.

  • From Tanagra

  • 1.47 m in height

  • Limestone

  • 580 BCE

  • “Amphialkes put this up for Dermys and Kittylos”


Some awkwardness
Some Awkwardness

  • Awkwardness of the embrace is seen in Egyptian couple statues.


Anavysos kouros
Anavysos Kouros

  • National Mus. 3851

  • 1.94 m in height

  • 530 BCE

  • “Stay and mourn at the monument for dead Kroisos whom violent Ares destroyed, fighting in the front rank.”


Problems with hips
Problems with Hips

  • More robustly modeled

  • Struggle with the weight of the marble

  • Unsuccessful solution


Aristodikos
Aristodikos

  • National Museum, Athens

  • 510 - 500 BCE

  • 1.95 m in height

  • Base inscribed with name Aristodikos

  • More skillfully handled body masses


Kritios boy
Kritios Boy

  • Acropolis Museum, Athens

  • 0.86 m in height

  • 490 - 480 BCE

  • Precursor to the Classical period

  • Shift of weight - confidence in body masses


Sculptor in bronze
Sculptor in Bronze?

  • Engrave lines of the hair

  • Hollow eyes characteristic of bronze work

  • Broken limbs and head


Archaic horsemen
Archaic Horsemen

  • Rampin Rider

  • 550 BCE

  • Head from the Louvre

  • Fragments from the Acropolis circuit wall


Remarkable join
Remarkable join

  • Payne saw that this head from the Louvre joined the body on the acropolis

  • Lace-like carving of the hair and beard

  • Celery crown - Nemean or Isthmian games.

  • Delicacy of features

  • Same sculptor as Peplos Kore?


Persian rider
Persian Rider

  • Newly restored

  • 520 BCE


Paint on archaic statues
Paint on Archaic Statues

  • Encaustic Paint

  • Depth to Flat Surfaces

  • Lost in late Classical Period


Kore korai
Kore (Korai)

  • Auxerre Kore (640 - 630 BCE)

  • Nikandre Kore (640 - 630 BCE)

  • Berlin Kore (570-560 BCE)

  • Peplos Kore (530 BCE)

  • Cheramyes Kore (570 - 560 BCE)

  • Ionic Korai, Acropolis (520 - 500 BCE)

  • Phrasikleia (540 BCE)


Auxerre kore
Auxerre Kore

  • Louvre 3098

  • From Crete.

  • 0.65 m in height

  • 640 - 630 BCE

  • Incision and traces of painted lines

  • Daedalic style

  • Large hands and position suggest adoration.


Nikandre
Nikandre

  • Athens, National Museum

  • From Delos

  • 640 - 625 BCE

  • 1.75 m in height

  • Earliest life-sized statue

  • Nowhere thicker than 20 cm .


Nikandre inscription
Nikandre Inscription

  • Boustrophedon.

  • “Nikandre dedicated me to the Far Darter, the Arrow Shooter, outstanding of women, daughter of Deinodikes of Naxos, sister of Deinomenes, wife of Phraxos.”


Berlin kore
Berlin Kore

  • Berlin Antikensammulungen.

  • 1.93 m in height

  • 570 - 560 BCE

  • Found wrapped in lead in Keratea, suburb of Athens.

  • Crown (polos) of meander pattern and lotus and bud motif.

  • Funerary?


Peplos kore
Peplos Kore

  • Acropolis Museum, Athens.

  • 1.17 m in height

  • 530 BCE

  • Peplos over the chiton

  • Same sculptor as Rampin head?


Traces of paint
Traces of Paint

  • Embroidered dress.

  • Colored belt.

  • Strands of hair, irises, lips all colored.

  • Added jewelry pegged in.


Cheramyes kore
Cheramyes Kore

  • Louvre 686

  • 1.92 m in height

  • 560 BCE

  • From Samos

  • Epiblema, mantle, and chiton

  • Dedication:”Cheramyes dedicated this statue to Hera.”


Ionic korai on the acropolis
Ionic Korai on the Acropolis

  • Acropolis 681: Antenor Kore

  • Acropolis 682

  • Acropolis 670

  • Acropolis 674

  • Acropolis 686: Euthydikos Kore


Antenor kore
Antenor Kore

  • Acropolis Museum

  • 2.155 m in height

  • 530 - 520 BCE

  • “Nearchos the potter dedicated this to Athens. Antenor the son of Eumares made this statue.”

  • Nearchos signed pots 757 - 540 BCE.

  • Eyes: rock crystal set in lead.


Early chian
Early Chian

  • Acropolis 682

  • 530 - 520 BCE

  • 1.82 m high

  • “most peculiar”

  • “the less one sees of the whole, the more of the detail, the better”


Unusual chiton style
Unusual Chiton Style

  • Acropolis 670

  • 1.15 m high

  • 520 - 510 BCE

  • Sculptor: same hand as the Aristodikos

  • No himation. Unusual chiton use.


Advanced chian style
Advanced Chian Style

  • Acropolis 674

  • H (preserved) 0.92 m

  • 500 BCE

  • Preliminaries to the Severe Style.


Euthydikos kore
Euthydikos Kore

  • Acropolis 686

  • 490 BCE

  • Euthydikos, son of Thaliarchos, dedicated me.

  • Same sculptor as the Kritios Boy.


Phrasikleia
Phrasikleia

  • Excavated from Merenda (ancient deme site of Myrrhinous) in 1972.

  • Found almost intact with a male kouros.

  • Cemetery context, on the road to Athens.

  • 1.72 m in height

  • 540 BCE


Bridal garb
Bridal Garb

  • Stephane or crown of lotus buds and flowers.

  • Earrings, necklace, bracelets.

  • Embroidered gown.

  • Fancy belt.

  • Special shoes.

  • Iconography of bride.


Inscription
Inscription

  • Fit into previously discovered base (1729).

  • Artist’s signature: Aristion of Paros.

  • Metrical epitaph:

    • “Sema” of Phrasikleia.

    • I shall be called kore

    • always, instead of marriage

    • by the gods that

    • having been alloted name.


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