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CANADIAN SUPPORT SOCIAL PROGRAMS AND TAXATION. CHAPTER 8. Social programs. What are social programs? Social programs are provided by the government to reduce economic inequalities and promote the well-being of citizens. Social programs are paid for by taxes.

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Social programs
Social programs

  • What are social programs?

    • Social programs are provided by the government to reduce economic inequalities and promote the well-being of citizens.

    • Social programs are paid for by taxes.

    • They aim to reduce economic inequalities in society and promote the well being of citizens.

      In Canada:

    • Health care

    • Education

    • Low – income housing

    • Pension

    • Welfare services

    • Employment services and many many more

How do social programs affect quality of life?


Social programs1
Social programs

  • Thousands of people are homeless in Canada. Governments in Canada and the United States provide support to people in distress or those who cannot meet their basic needs.

  • Homeless shelters will provide a safe place to sleep and often supply a food program.

  • Low income housing can help people who do not make enough money to afford a home.

  • Citizens who cannot meet their

    basic needs for food, clothing or

    shelter receive assistance, paid

    for by taxes.


Government responsibilities
Government Responsibilities

  • Different levels of government provide and fund various social programs.

  • Each level of government had different responsibilities.

  • Each province is responsible for health care.

  • The federal government can pass laws, like The Canada Health Care Act.


The canada health care act
The Canada Health care act

  • A federal law that sets out 5 principles for health care in Canada.

  • Health care must be:

    • Publically administered: no profit gained

    • Comprehensive: for care provided by hospitals, physicians and surgeons.

    • Universal : available to everyone!

    • Portable: available everywhere in Canada.

    • Accessible: available within reasonable time and distance.


United states
United States

  • In the United States, federal and state governments can make laws about social programs.

  • Citizens with low income receive health care paid by taxes. HOWEVER, all other citizens pay for health services or health insurance on their own.

  • In 2007, about 15% of people in the USA did not have health insurance because they could not afford it.

  • People who cannot meet their basic needs may receive financial assistance – welfare.


Senior citizens
Senior Citizens

  • In Canada

    • At age 65, all citizens who have lived in Canada for 10 years automatically qualify for a monthly pension, paid for by taxes.

    • Federal legislations

    • Old Age Security Act

    • The federal government provides the pension

  • In the USA:

    • Senior citizens support themselves through personal savings.

    • Senior citizens sometimes receive help from their families

    • There is no legislation to help them.


How do we fund social programs
How do we fund social programs?

  • In Canada, the government collects taxes to pa for the services that are provided to citizens.

  • Canadian citizens pay 2 types of taxes to the federal government to the provincial government: Income Tax and Sales Tax.

  • Income Tax: is based on what you earn – the more money you earn, the more taxes you pay

  • Sales Tax: based on what you spend on products and services. Every person pays sales tax.

  • In Alberta, sales tax is 5%

  • Some provinces, like B.C and Saskatchewan, also have PST (provincial sales tax)

  • When GST and PST are combined it is called HST – meaning, Harmonized Sales Tax.


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