The interpretations process
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The Interpretations Process. Membership Services Training. Overview. Participants Types of Responses Process Student-Athlete Friendly Philosophy Screening Process Impact on Enforcement. NCAA staff provides an answer. Coach poses a question. The rule is not clear.

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The Interpretations Process

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The interpretations process

The Interpretations Process

Membership Services Training


Overview

Overview

  • Participants

  • Types of Responses

  • Process

    • Student-Athlete Friendly Philosophy

    • Screening Process

  • Impact on Enforcement


The interpretations process1

NCAA staff provides an answer.

Coach poses a question.

The rule is not clear

The Interpretations Process?

Everyone’s doing it!!!


The participants

Enforcement

Services

Member

Institutions

Member

Conferences

CCACA

Membership Services

Interps

Committees

Management

Council

ARS

The Participants

The Interpretations Process


Member institutions

Member Institutions

  • Apply and enforce NCAA legislation.

  • Administer its athletics program in accordance with the constitution, bylaws and other legislation of the Association.


Member conferences

Member Conferences

  • Assist member institutions in applying NCAA legislation.

  • Promote competitive equity by ensuring consistent application of the rules.

  • Assist membership services staff by reducing volume of interpretations requests.


Membership services

Membership Services

  • Assists institutions and conferences in applying legislation.

  • Issues three categories of responses:

    • Institutional Discretion.

    • Confirmations.

    • Determinations.

  • Membership Services does not have the authority to adopt or approve legislation.

  • Membership Services does have the authority to issue a binding staff interpretation.


Divisional interpretive subcommittees committees e g lric

Divisional Interpretive Subcommittees/Committees (e.g., LRIC)

  • Issue official interpretations in response to requests from:

    • Institutions/Conferences.

    • Membership services staff.

    • Governance structure.

  • Review all recorded membership services staff interpretations (screening process).


Management councils

Management Councils

  • Review all official interpretations issued by Sub/Committee.

  • May issue official interpretations on their own.

  • Institutions/conferences may appeal the Sub/Committee decisions to the Council.

  • Council decisions are final.

    • Sub/Committee does not have the authority to revise an interpretation approved by the Council.

    • It can, however, recommend modification or reversal of previously approved interpretations.


Types of responses

Types of Responses


Is the issue interpretive

Is the Issue Interpretive?

  • An issue is not interpretive if:

    • The plain meaning of the legislation is clear on its face;

    • The legislative history of the rule (including intent and rationale) clearly addresses the situation; or

    • A published official interpretation clearly addresses the situation.


Institutional discretion

Institutional Discretion

  • Institutional Discretion:

    • Is not an "interpretation. "

    • Is provided when:

      • An issue or fact situation is not addressed clearly by the legislation or an official interpretation; and

      • The issue is not one of national significance.


Staff confirmations

Staff Confirmations

  • A staff confirmation:

    • Is issued when the legislation or an official interpretation is responsive to the inquiry.

    • Is not an "interpretation."

    • Is binding on all member institutions.

  • Actions contrary to staff confirmations are considered rules violations.

  • Recourse is to seek further review by divisional interpretive body or amend the legislation.


Staff determinations

Staff Determinations

  • A staff determination:

    • Is an "interpretation."

    • Is provided when:

      • An issue or fact situation is not addressed clearly by the legislation or an official interpretation; and

      • The issue is one of national significance.

    • Is binding on the institution asking the question (and others who have knowledge).

  • Prior actions contrary to a staff determination are not considered rules violations.

  • Recourse is to seek further review by divisional interpretive body or amend the legislation.


Official interpretations

Official Interpretations

  • Official Interpretations:

    • Are rendered by the appropriate Divisional Subcommittee/Committee (e.g., Division I LRIC.)

    • Are binding on all institutions regardless of knowledge.

    • May be in the form of a confirmation or determination.

      • Determinations are binding from the issue date forward.

      • Confirmations are binding regardless of when the action occurred.


Screening process

Screening Process


The interpretations process

Interpretive Body Disagrees with Staff

SCREENING PROCESS

Divisional Interpretive Body Review of Staff Interpretations

Staff issues confirmation or determination.

Interpretive Body Approves Staff Interpretation

Sub/Committee reviews staff interpretations

Remains staff interpretation. May be appealed to Divisional Body.

Committee reviews the issue and renders official interpretation.

Committee agrees with staff and issues official interpretation.

Official interpretations, review of staff interpretations or other responses may be appealed to Management Council.


The end

The End.


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