On Farm Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in New York State. Jenifer Wightman T. Wise, S. Vergara, A. Buttel, J. Gaunt, J. Duxbury, Cornell University With the Agricultural Ecosystems Program Team. New York State alone, contributes nearly 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
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On Farm Opportunities to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in New York State
T. Wise, S. Vergara, A. Buttel, J. Gaunt,
J. Duxbury, Cornell University
With the Agricultural Ecosystems Program Team
New York State alone, contributes nearly 1% of global greenhouse gas emissions.
US EPA, Energy CO2 inventories
Land greenhouse gas emissions.Use in NY 1992
Forest - 62%
Agriculture - 26%
Residential - 6%
NY Dairy Economics greenhouse gas emissions.
Milk is the leading agricultural product in the state
12 billion poundsof milk was produced in 2003
Milk value of $1.56 billion in cash receipts.
New York is the nations 3rd leading milk producer.
GOALS greenhouse gas emissions.
Assess Energy Inputs for the Dairy System
Evaluate Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the NY Dairy Industry
Identify Strategies for Agriculture to Mitigate Emissions
AEP Team greenhouse gas emissions.
Of NY Dairy Herd
AEP Team greenhouse gas emissions.
of NY Dairy Herd
In Summary: greenhouse gas emissions.
Farm GWP By Farm GWP By greenhouse gas emissions.
By Source Greenhouse Gas
Cow + Manure 61 CH453
Feed production 35N2O 22
Mechanical 9 CO2 25
Methane and Nitrous Oxide contribute
75% of total farm Global Warming Potential (GWP)
Some Perspective: greenhouse gas emissions.
NY Dairy contributes 2.6% of NY Total Emissions
agriculture 8 %
waste 4 %
Pataki greenhouse gas report
ON FARM greenhouse gas emissions.MITIGATION STRATEGIES
1) Corn growers can optimize nitrogen application to reduce:
2) nitrogen leaching
3) energy inputs
4) nitrous oxide emissions
A 30% reduction in N application equals ~0.16% of total NY state emissions
2) Dairies can investigate manure biogas to capture methane
A 50% reduction of CH4 from manure equals ~0.25% of total NY State emissions
3) Dairies can optimize feed to further reduce enteric methane
Question: Can Agriculture Find Economic Opportunity greenhouse gas emissions.
in Climate Change Mitigation?
Can agriculture reduce total GHG’s by movinginto the energy sector and producing renewable bio-fuels?
Opportunities for Agriculture to Mitigate Climate Change: greenhouse gas emissions.Replacing Fossil Fuels with
Renewable, Carbon Neutral BIOFUELS
Agriculture for food, feed, fiber and FUEL
Management of underutilized land greenhouse gas emissions.
for fossil fuel displacement
million net fuel net GHG %NY total
acres MBTU/ac displacement
CRP land 0.2
Other Cropland 0.5
Total (ReedCG) 0.7 55 2.38 0.97%
Woodland 1.6 12 1.41 0.58%
FARM OPTION FOR GHG MITIGATION greenhouse gas emissions.
30% reduction in N application 0.16%
50% capture of manure Methane 0.25%
¾ cord/ac cull wood on farm woodlands 0.58%
Reed Canary grown on CRP and ‘other’ ag land 0.97%
Mitigation Potential (for 2000 NY total) 1.96%
At the end of the day, we are all consumers. greenhouse gas emissions.
Conservation and efficiency are key
Summary: Dairy in NY state greenhouse gas emissions.
Summary: Mitigation Options greenhouse gas emissions.
Acknowledgements: greenhouse gas emissions.