Architectural concepts
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Architectural Concepts. Theory of Architecture 2 M.S.Chua. Categories of Concepts. Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts Functional Concepts Structural Concepts Environmental Concepts Technological Concepts. Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts. Analogy Biological Analogy

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Architectural Concepts

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Architectural concepts

Architectural Concepts

Theory of Architecture 2

M.S.Chua


Categories of concepts

Categories of Concepts

  • Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Functional Concepts

  • Structural Concepts

  • Environmental Concepts

  • Technological Concepts


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Architecture based on anatomy

- Parts of a whole


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts1

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Biological Analogy

    - Organic Architecture

Falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright

Image Source: http://unseensights.blogspot.com/2012/10/falling-water-in-fall.html


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts2

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Biological Analogy

    - Morphology:

    Science of form

Guggenheim Museum by Frank Lloyd Wright

Image Source: http://media.guggenheim.org/content/New_York/about_us/about_us_frank_lloyd_wright.jpg


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts3

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Biological Analogy

    - Form follows function

Wainwright Building by Louis Sullivan

Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Wainwright_building_st_louis_USA.jpg


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts4

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Biological Analogy

    - Influence of the environment

San Miguel Corporation Building by Bobby Mañosa

Image Source:

http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/68/a6/b2/68a6b292429ade1168d9b3f0a9335d06.jpg


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts5

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Mechanical Analogy

- Scientific evolution and artistic evolution follow the same laws

- Movement and function

- Collaboration in the progressive accumulation of technical knowledge

- Precise destination and expression of potentialities


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts6

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Gastronomic Analogy

- Demands the combination of materials of strength, ideal sequence or plan, analysis and testing of efficacies

- Goes beyond scientific analysis; requires intuition, imagination, enthusiasm, immense amount of organizational skill


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts7

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Linguistic Analogy

    - Eloquence and expression

Dancing House by Frank Gehry

Image Source:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Case_danzanti.jpg


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts8

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Analogy

    Linguistic Analogy

    - Emotions and experiencing emotions

Taj Mahal of India

Image Source: http://cathrynysl.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/tajmahal1.jpg


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts9

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Linguistic Analogy

- Vocabulary and composition


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts10

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

  • Metaphors: Abstract relationships

The Milwaukee Art Museum by Santiago Calatrava

Image Source:

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rTYiaiRWzmQ/TcL6KaSffyI/AAAAAAAADVg/DRlIHbq5tH4/s1600/016-Milwaukee%2BArt%2BMuseum.JPG


Thematic or symbolic architectural concepts11

Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Essences: meanings, issues, symbols. Going beyond programmatic requirements

Direct responses: stated requirements

Ideals: universal values, highest aspirations


Functional concepts

Functional Concepts

  • Traditional definition of good architecture: Vitruvius’ Utilitas, Firmitas, Venustas

  • Architectural Programming


Structural concepts

Structural Concepts

By gravity


Structural concepts1

Structural Concepts

  • Post and lintel

Acropolis of Athens

Image Source: http://www.destination360.com/europe/greece/images/s/acropolis.jpg


Structural concepts2

Structural Concepts

  • Arches and vaults

Roman Aqueduct

Image Source: http://eliaseconomou.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/aqueducts.jpeg


Structural concepts3

Structural Concepts

  • Flying buttress

Flying Buttress Supporting the Cathedral of Notre Dame

Image Source: http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/Flying_Buttresses.gif


Structural concepts4

Structural Concepts

  • Domes

Hagia Sophia of Instanbul

Image Source:

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-_Dtc5CI79X0/TeWfaHDFuvI/AAAAAAAAABc/DsPQoXoYHQQ/s1600/Hagia+Sophia+Exterior.jpg


Structural concepts5

Structural Concepts

  • Frames

Capitol Complex Chandigarh

by Le Corbusier

Image Source: http://artmagonline.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/2677625658_aeacf0d5b8.jpg


Structural concepts6

Structural Concepts

  • Suspended Systems

CCP by Leandro Locsin

Image Source:

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-bHsF5QKbY5o/T6qJTViu-9I/AAAAAAAAMTM/dIAZsuTfmx4/s1600/MYM+CCP.jpg


Structural concepts7

Structural Concepts

Prefabrication

Stretched membrane


Environmental concepts

Environmental Concepts

  • Environmental Theory of Perception

    Light and color as a modifying element of space

Ronchamp Chapel by Le Corbusier

Image Source:

http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/10/06/chapelle460x276.jpg

http://www.siggraph.org/education/materials/HyperGraph/radiosity/images/slide26.jpg


Environmental concepts1

Environmental Concepts

  • Using what is there

    Design takes off from the natural features of the site

Coconut Palace by Bobby Mañosa

Image Source: http://64.120.233.186/~manosa/teddy/images/2012-11-18-15-37-56---cocopillar.jpg


Technological concepts

Technological Concepts

Marina Bay Sands by Moshe Safdie

Image Source: http://danielkarlsson.eu/blogg/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/marina-bay-sands.jpg


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