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Architectural Concepts. Theory of Architecture 2 M.S.Chua. Categories of Concepts. Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts Functional Concepts Structural Concepts Environmental Concepts Technological Concepts. Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts. Analogy Biological Analogy

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architectural concepts

Architectural Concepts

Theory of Architecture 2

M.S.Chua

categories of concepts
Categories of Concepts
  • Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Functional Concepts
  • Structural Concepts
  • Environmental Concepts
  • Technological Concepts
thematic or symbolic architectural concepts
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Architecture based on anatomy

- Parts of a whole

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts1
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Organic Architecture

Falling water by Frank Lloyd Wright

Image Source: http://unseensights.blogspot.com/2012/10/falling-water-in-fall.html

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts2
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Morphology:

Science of form

Guggenheim Museum by Frank Lloyd Wright

Image Source: http://media.guggenheim.org/content/New_York/about_us/about_us_frank_lloyd_wright.jpg

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts3
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Form follows function

Wainwright Building by Louis Sullivan

Image Source: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/34/Wainwright_building_st_louis_USA.jpg

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts4
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Biological Analogy

- Influence of the environment

San Miguel Corporation Building by Bobby Mañosa

Image Source:

http://media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/68/a6/b2/68a6b292429ade1168d9b3f0a9335d06.jpg

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts5
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Mechanical Analogy

- Scientific evolution and artistic evolution follow the same laws

- Movement and function

- Collaboration in the progressive accumulation of technical knowledge

- Precise destination and expression of potentialities

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts6
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Gastronomic Analogy

- Demands the combination of materials of strength, ideal sequence or plan, analysis and testing of efficacies

- Goes beyond scientific analysis; requires intuition, imagination, enthusiasm, immense amount of organizational skill

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts7
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Linguistic Analogy

- Eloquence and expression

Dancing House by Frank Gehry

Image Source:

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/Case_danzanti.jpg

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts8
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Analogy

Linguistic Analogy

- Emotions and experiencing emotions

Taj Mahal of India

Image Source: http://cathrynysl.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/tajmahal1.jpg

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts9
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Analogy

Linguistic Analogy

- Vocabulary and composition

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts10
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts
  • Metaphors: Abstract relationships

The Milwaukee Art Museum by Santiago Calatrava

Image Source:

http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-rTYiaiRWzmQ/TcL6KaSffyI/AAAAAAAADVg/DRlIHbq5tH4/s1600/016-Milwaukee%2BArt%2BMuseum.JPG

thematic or symbolic architectural concepts11
Thematic or Symbolic Architectural Concepts

Essences: meanings, issues, symbols. Going beyond programmatic requirements

Direct responses: stated requirements

Ideals: universal values, highest aspirations

functional concepts
Functional Concepts
  • Traditional definition of good architecture: Vitruvius’ Utilitas, Firmitas, Venustas
  • Architectural Programming
structural concepts1
Structural Concepts
  • Post and lintel

Acropolis of Athens

Image Source: http://www.destination360.com/europe/greece/images/s/acropolis.jpg

structural concepts2
Structural Concepts
  • Arches and vaults

Roman Aqueduct

Image Source: http://eliaseconomou.files.wordpress.com/2011/03/aqueducts.jpeg

structural concepts3
Structural Concepts
  • Flying buttress

Flying Buttress Supporting the Cathedral of Notre Dame

Image Source: http://www.uncp.edu/home/rwb/Flying_Buttresses.gif

structural concepts4
Structural Concepts
  • Domes

Hagia Sophia of Instanbul

Image Source:

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-_Dtc5CI79X0/TeWfaHDFuvI/AAAAAAAAABc/DsPQoXoYHQQ/s1600/Hagia+Sophia+Exterior.jpg

structural concepts5
Structural Concepts
  • Frames

Capitol Complex Chandigarh

by Le Corbusier

Image Source: http://artmagonline.files.wordpress.com/2011/06/2677625658_aeacf0d5b8.jpg

structural concepts6
Structural Concepts
  • Suspended Systems

CCP by Leandro Locsin

Image Source:

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-bHsF5QKbY5o/T6qJTViu-9I/AAAAAAAAMTM/dIAZsuTfmx4/s1600/MYM+CCP.jpg

structural concepts7
Structural Concepts

Prefabrication

Stretched membrane

environmental concepts
Environmental Concepts
  • Environmental Theory of Perception

Light and color as a modifying element of space

Ronchamp Chapel by Le Corbusier

Image Source:

http://static.guim.co.uk/sys-images/Guardian/Pix/pictures/2008/10/06/chapelle460x276.jpg

http://www.siggraph.org/education/materials/HyperGraph/radiosity/images/slide26.jpg

environmental concepts1
Environmental Concepts
  • Using what is there

Design takes off from the natural features of the site

Coconut Palace by Bobby Mañosa

Image Source: http://64.120.233.186/~manosa/teddy/images/2012-11-18-15-37-56---cocopillar.jpg

technological concepts
Technological Concepts

Marina Bay Sands by Moshe Safdie

Image Source: http://danielkarlsson.eu/blogg/wp-content/uploads/2011/06/marina-bay-sands.jpg

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