Heroes journeys myths and epics
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Heroes, Journeys, Myths, and Epics. An Introduction. Characteristics of an epic…. A physically impressive hero of national or historical importance A vast setting involving much of the physical world, and sometimes the land of the dead

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Heroes journeys myths and epics

Heroes, Journeys, Myths, and Epics

An Introduction


Characteristics of an epic

Characteristics of an epic…

  • A physically impressive hero of national or historical importance

  • A vast setting involving much of the physical world, and sometimes the land of the dead

  • Action such as a mission or quest taken in search of something of value


Continued

Continued…

  • Evidence of supernatural forces at work

  • Glorification of the hero at the end

  • Rooted in a specific culture or society


What is a myth

What is a myth?

Myths are stories about supernatural beings. In early times, they were handed down orally from one generation to another.


Myths attempt to explain

Myths attempt to explain…

  • NATURE and its processes:

    • Where did earth come from?

    • What about the heavens? (Sun, moon, stars, etc.)

    • The seasons? (Climate, rain, etc.)

    • Geography? (Oceans, mountains, forests, etc.)


Continued1

Continued…

  • MAN and historical events:

    • Where did man come from?

    • His life? (Birth growth, reproduction, death)

    • His victories? (Glory in battle)

    • His defeats? (Misfortunes)

    • His end? (Rewards and punishments)

    • Reality of the human condition


Continued2

Continued…

  • GODS:

    • Where did the gods come from?

    • How many are there?

    • What do they have power over?

    • What are their roles?

    • What are their powers and weaknesses?


What is an archetype

What is an archetype?

It is an original model after which other similar things are patterned – these are found in every culture all over the world.


Situational archetypes

The Quest

The Task

The Initiation

The Journey

The Fall

Death and Rebirth

Situational Archetypes:


The quest

The Quest

Search for someone or an object which,when found, will restore peace or balance to a society


The task

The Task

Part of the quest that serves as a test – hero will usually have to perform some super-human deed


The initiation

The Initiation

Usually an initiation into adulthood or some role the hero must take on


The journey

The Journey

SPIRITUAL journey hero must go through in search of truth – it is a spiritual or psychological awakening


The fall

The Fall

Descent from a higher to a lower state of being – usually involves loss of innocence, banishment, or death


Death and rebirth

Death and Rebirth

Shows cycle of nature and life


Character archetypes

Character Archetypes


The hero many traits

Unusual circumstances of birth

Leaves family or land

Event leads to quest

Has special weapon only he can wield

Gets “supernatural” help

Must pass test

Usually has a journey and an unhealable wound

Experiences atonement with parent(s)

Glorified at the end of the quest

THE HERO: Many traits!


Major character archetypes

The Initiates

The Mentor

The Hunting Group of Companions

The Friendly Beast

The Evil Figure with the Ultimately Good Heart

The Devil Figure

The Transgressor

The Destroyer

The Trickster

The Scapegoat

The Outcast

The Creature of Nightmares

Major Character Archetypes:


Other character archetypes

The Earth Mother

The Innocent

The Temptress

The Platonic Ideal

The Amazon Warrior

The Damsel in Distress

The Threshold Guardian

The Shadow

The Star-Crossed Lovers

Other Character Archetypes:


Symbolic archetypes

Symbolic Archetypes


Symbolic archetypes1

Light vs. Darkness

Water vs. Desert

Heaven vs. Hell

Fire vs. Ice

Nature vs. Mechanistic World

Good vs. Evil

Father vs. Son

Unhealable Wound

Ritual

Supernatural Intervention

Magic Weapon

Symbolic Archetypes:


Color archetypes

Color Archetypes

Yes, writers of literature and film choose colors for a reason!


White

White

  • Positive associations:

    • Light, innocence, purity, virginity

  • Negative:

    • Death, terror, supernatural, blinding truth

      http://www.starwars.com/databank/organization/stormtroopers/


Black

Black

  • Positive associations:

    • Knowledge, intelligence

  • Negative:

    • Evil, sadness, chaos, mystery, death

      http://www.starwars.com/databank/character/darthvader/


Yellow

Yellow

  • Represents hope, happiness

  • Associated with the sun


Heroes journeys myths and epics

Red

  • Positive associations:

    • Love, artistry

  • Negative:

    • Blood, sacrifice, disorder


Heroes journeys myths and epics

Blue

  • Positive color associated with serenity, truth, spiritual purity, peace


Green

Green

  • Positive associations:

    • Life, rebirth, growth, hope, fertility

  • Negative:

    • Death, decay


Orange

Orange

  • Positive color made from red and yellow; symbolizes hope and passion

    http://www.starwars.com/community/news/2002/03/news20020308b.html


Brown

Brown

  • Earth tones positively represent nature

    http://www.starwars.com/databank/species/ewok/eu.html


Purple

Purple

  • Associated with power and royalty


Numeric symbolism

Numeric Symbolism

Yes, these can mean something, too!


Significant numbers

One: complete unity

Two: symbolizes duality (night/day, sun/moon, etc.)

Three: associated with Holy Trinity, light, unity

Four: associated with the circle, life cycle, seasons, elements, earth, nature

Seven: signifies the union of 3 and 4, which signifies perfect order

Significant Numbers:


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