“Traces of Confucius”
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“Traces of Confucius”. Confucian Philosophy and Portraits. “Traces of Confucius” Historical Exhibit Executive Organizer H su Terry Wang, DTM President, New World B ilingual Institute Chinese Program Developer, FCPS-ACE / WIS. H su Terry Wang, DTM

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Confucian philosophy and portraits

“Traces of Confucius”

Confucian Philosophy and Portraits

“Traces of Confucius”Historical Exhibit Executive Organizer

Hsu Terry Wang, DTM

President, New World Bilingual Institute

Chinese Program Developer,

FCPS-ACE / WIS


Confucian philosophy and portraits

Hsu Terry Wang, DTM

President, New World Bilingual Institute

www.nwbi.us; [email protected]


Confucian philosophy and portraits

至聖先師,萬世師表

孔子 Confucius

名丘,字仲尼,

春秋时期鲁国人,汉族。

Confucius (traditionally 551 BC – 479 BC) was a Chinese philosopher and founder of Confucianism.

己欲立而立人,

己欲达而达人。


Confucian philosophy and portraits

“万世师表“ 孔子

  • 公元前551年9月28日(农历八月廿七)~公元前479年4月11日(农历二月十一)名丘,字仲尼,春秋时期鲁国人,汉族。生于鲁国陬邑昌平乡(今山东曲阜市东南的鲁源村)。逝世后葬于曲阜城北泗水之上,即今日孔林。孔子是春秋末期的政治家、思想家、教育家。他还是儒家学派的创始人。世界十大思想家之一,中国十大思想家之一,有 “万世师表"之称。


Confucian philosophy and portraits

中華文化核心學說儒家的首代宗師

孔子

是中華文化中的核心學說儒家的首代宗師,集華夏上古文化之大成,在世時已被譽為「天縱之聖」、「天之木鐸」,是當時社會上最博學者之一,並且被後世尊為至聖(聖人之中的聖人)、至聖先師、萬世師表。孔子和他創立的儒家思想對中國和朝鮮、韓國、日本、越南等地區有深遠的影響,這些地區又被稱爲儒家文化圈。


Confucius kong zi

Confucius (Kong Zi 孔子)

  • China’s most famous ancient philosopher and educator, was the founder of Confucianism. Born in 551 B.C., Confucius studied to become proficient in the Six Classical Arts: ritual, music, archery, charioteering, calligraphy, and arithmetic. At age 22, Kong Zi founded a private school, moving away from the traditional style of Chinese education. He proposed good conduct and benevolence (ren), and observance of rites (li) as the foundation of harmonious relationships at every level of society


Confucian philosophy and portraits

  • Confucius is considered to be one of the greatest philosophers of China and has had an enormous impact on not just Chinese culture and civilization but also the cultures and civilizations of other East and South East Asian countries. Confucius lived more than twenty five hundred years ago and more than half a million people in China and abroad can trace their descent to Confucius.  


Famous confucian scriptures

Famous Confucian scriptures

  • Confucian scriptures titled :

  • The Odes,

  • The Book of History,

  • The Book of Rites,

  • The Book of Music,

  • The Book of Changes, and

  • The Spring and Autumn Annals,

    handed down from generation to generation.

    His work not only built the foundation of Confucianism, but also contributed tremendously to the development of Chinese culture.


Confucian philosophy and portraits

Historical Portraits of Confucius

山东 历代珍藏 孔子 画像

Most of these historical portraits have been stored in Shandong’s museums

and have not been displayed in their original forms. Not all the portraits were flattering.

According to historical records, Confucius was described as having an “unusual” face.


Printed in xin hua news

Printed in Xin Hua News


Confucian philosophy and portraits

孔子教学经典名言


Confucian philosophy and portraits

Confucian Philosophy and Portraits

《論語‧為政篇》子曰“君子不器”

The accomplished scholar is not a utensil.

《里仁篇》:朝聞道,夕死足矣。

If a man in the morning hears the right way,

he may die in the evening without regret.

《為政篇》:學而不思則罔,思而不學則殆。

Learning without thought is labor lost ;

thought without learning is perilous.


Confucian philosophy and portraits

A MODERN INTERPRETATION OF

CONFUCIAN CORE VALUES

  • BE A GOOD HUMAN BEING

  • BE BENEVOLENT AND KIND TO OTHERS

  • BE RIGHTEOUS AND LOYAL

  • BE COURTEOUS WITH GOOD MANNERS

  • BE FORGIVING

  • HONOR YOUR PARENTS (BE FILIAL) AND RESPECT YOUR ELDERS

  • FOCUS ON EDUCATION AND LIFE-LONG LEARNING

  • DO WHAT IS RIGHT INSTEAD OF WHAT IS ADVANTAGEOUS

  • PRACTICE “RECIPROCITY” – DON’T DO TO OTHERS WHAT YOU WOULD NOT WANT DONE TO YOU


Confucian philosophy and portraits

INTERPRETATION OF CONFUCIAN

CORE VALUES

  • LEAD BY MORAL AND ETHICAL EXAMPLE

  • MANAGE BY VIRTUE AND GOOD MANNERS – PRACTICE SELF-CONTROL AND TEMPERANCE

  • TAKE WARNING OF “TEMPTATION” OF PROFIT AND POWER, AND OBTAIN THEM IN A RIGHTEOUS WAY

  • KNOW THAT MORALITY IS THE LIMITATION OF SELF-INTEREST

  • UNDERSTAND THAT IF YOU DESIRE TO ESTABLISH YOURSELF, YOU MUST ALSO ESTABLISH OTHERS


  • Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Today there are more than 2,000 Confucius temples in other parts of China and around the world.

    Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by

    Chinese people.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    孔子雕塑


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucius Residence


    Confucius and his disciples

    Confucius and His Disciples

    • The sage Confucius had over 3000 disciples, while among them there were only seventy-two worthy of Confucius’ acknowledgement.

    • Confucius was quoted as saying: “The disciples who received my instructions, and could themselves comprehend them, were seventy-seven individuals.They were all scholars of extraordinary ability.”


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucius and His Disciples


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    孔子相关图片


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    孔子讲学图


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    This section displays three sets of “Traces of Confucius” by

    Ming Dynasty artists. The originals are priceless.

    The actual prints will never be shown at museums

    due to preservation challenges.

    All the paintings were photographed by Mr. Hou Xinjian.

    It was an extremely demanding task

    because all the paintings were shot under natural light conditions.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Historical Relics of Confucius

    The Confucius Mansion is full of valuable relics and art work collected through the dynasties by descendents of Confucius. The picture at the upper left shows a seal of Confucius’ family that was modeled after the Ming emperor’s own seal; quite an honor bestowed upon Confucius.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Portraits of Confucius’ Descendents

    The family tree of Confucius, the revered Chinese thinker and educator, will number 1.5 million when the current update is completed. More than 1 million descendants of Confucius will be added to the family tree in this update.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Qufu is the legendary birthplace of Confucius; it served as the capital of the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn Period


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucius’ Residence

    Confucius’ Residence


    Confucius residence

    Confucius Residence

    • Confucius’ ancestral home is also called the Mansion of Duke Yansheng, an imperial title bestowed on the descendants of Confucius in the Song Dynasty.

    • The mansion was the residence of the sage’s eldest son, grandson and descendants through to conferment of the title of Duke Yansheng. There are 463 buildings in this manor.

    • The mansion houses a precious hoard of historical documents and cultural relics, as well as garments and utensils from bygone dynasties.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucius’ Burial Ground


    Confucius burial ground

    Confucius Burial Ground

    • The cemetery contains Confucius' tomb and the remains of more than 100,000 of his descendants. The “Confucius Forest” dates back 2,500 years. There are more than 100,000 tombs and steles sheltered by towering trees and high walls in this two sq km area. Qufu is home to 110,000 descendants of Confucius, and there are four million more living in other parts of China and around the world.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucius’ Temple


    Qufu confucius temple

    QuFu Confucius’ Temple

    • The Temple of Confucius is located on Guozijian Street, inside Anding Gate. Sacrifices were made to Confucius, the greatest ideologist and educationist in ancient China, during the Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) Dynasties at this temple. Now, the temple houses the Capital Museum. This is the second largest Confucius temple, next only to the one in Qufu, Shandong Province. Attraction Intro: Confucius Temple


    Qufu confucius temple1

    QuFu Confucius’ Temple

    • Confucius Temple, the former residence of Confucius, was built according to the specification for imperial palaces. Continuous expansion and reconstruction throughout the dynasties has transformed the temple into a huge complex of nine courtyards, spanning one km from north to south, and covering 95,000 sq m. Within the temple are hundreds of halls and chambers and more than 50 gates and archways.


    Tour to qufu

    Tour to QuFu


    Tour to qufu1

    Tour to QuFu


    Nanjing confucius temple fuzimiao

    Nanjing Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao)

    • The Confucius Temple in Nanjing was originally constructed in the year of 1034 in the Song Dynasty. It was a place to worship and consecrate Confucius, the great philosopher and educator of ancient China. It is also known as Fuzimiao in Chinese. This temple suffered repeated damage and has been rebuilt on several occasions since that time. 1937 was the most destruction when it was burnt to ruin by Japanese aggressors. In 1984 the temple was rebuilt under the support of the local government. During the long process, the original building expanded to be a complex building in the architectural style of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties, including the Confucius Temple itself, the Jiangnan Gongyuan (the place of imperial examinations) and the Xue Gong (the Imperial Academy). The complex is still called the Confucius Temple out of habit by locals and visitors.


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    • The Confucius Temple (Fuzi Miao) is situated by the Gongyuan Street, the northern bank of the Qinhuai River, Nanjing City. It's the place where people worship the great ancient Chinese ideologist and educator, Confucius (Kong Zi). Since the ancient times, Kong Zi has been called Kong Fuzi. Hence the temple name. Attraction Intro: Confucius Temple


    Nanjing confucius temple fuzimiao1

    Nanjing Confucius Temple (Fuzimiao)


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Celebration of Modern Confucianism


    Celebration of modern confucianism

    Celebration of Modern Confucianism

    • There are today more than 2,000 Confucius temples in other parts of China and around the world. Cultures and countries strongly influenced by Confucianism include China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Singapore and Vietnam, as well as various territories settled predominantly by Chinese people. The birthday of Confucius, September 28, is celebrated by the sage’s admirers, including this group of western tourists in Qufu in 2006


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucian Philosophy and Modern Practice 古禮與八佾舞(樂舞面)

    祭孔大典之祭儀與服飾在所有傳統祭典中,最為講究。全程以古禮進行。

    其程序與內容分別為:鳴奏炮、樂舞生就位、祭官就位、啟扉、迎神、進饌、行釋典禮、跳八佾舞、奏雅樂、讀疏文、徹饌、送神、望燎、閤扉、徹班、禮成、鳴炮。典禮以古禮進行,莊嚴而肅穆。


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Ceremony at Confucius Temple

    孔庙庆典


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    古禮與八佾舞(樂舞面)


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    古禮與八佾舞(樂舞面)Music


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucian Philosophy and Modern Culture

    儒教與軟實力(生活面)


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    中國八大菜系 Eight Famous Cuisines

    魯、川、粵、閩、蘇、浙、湘、徽

    Confucian Philosophy and Modern Application

    Confucius’ Residence Banquet

    孔府宴:魯菜(飲食面)

    孔府宴有幾項特點:高低有、菜名美、規矩多。

    菜色上至魚翅、下至豆芽都能上桌;主張飲食簡樸、衛生、禮教。


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    Confucian Philosophy and Modern Application 孔府宴:魯菜(飲食面)中國八大菜系(魯、川、粵、閩、蘇、浙、湘、徽)

    一卵孵雙鳳:西瓜煮雞

    簑衣黃瓜:小黃瓜以精密

    刀工切成鏤空的簑衣。

    孔府宴禮數周全嚴謹,

    是古代宴席的典範。

    孔府宴有幾項特點:高低有、菜名美、規矩多。

    菜色上至魚翅、下至豆芽都能上桌;主張飲食簡樸、衛生、禮教。


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    孔府宴禮數周全嚴謹,是古代宴席的典範


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    孔府宴--魯菜(飲食面)

    一卵孵雙鳳:西瓜煮雞


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    簑衣黃瓜:小黃瓜以精密刀工切成

    鏤空的簑衣。


    Acknowledgements

    Acknowledgements:

    • This exhibit would not be possible without the hard work of

    • Photographer: Mr. Hou Xinjin,

      (Shandong Pictorial Magazine)

    • Exhibit Director: Prof. Michael Ma

    • (University of Maryland)

    • Executive Organizer:Mrs. Terry Wang

    • (President, New World Bilingual Institute)

    • (International Education/Culture Consultant, GMU)


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    (If an organization is interested

    in borrowing this exhibit for cultural

    or educational events,

    please contact

    Mrs. Terry Wang

    E-mail: [email protected]

    703-978-7905


    Confucian philosophy and portraits

    謝謝各位!

    Thank You!


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