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BR: Observe the following demo. Briefly describe what is happening PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Objective: Define classical conditioning and behaviorism, and describe the basic components of classical conditioning. . BR: Observe the following demo. Briefly describe what is happening.

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BR: Observe the following demo. Briefly describe what is happening

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Br observe the following demo briefly describe what is happening

Objective: Define classical conditioning and behaviorism, and describe the basic components of classical conditioning.

BR: Observe the following demo. Briefly describe what is happening


Br observe the following demo briefly describe what is happening

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John b watson behaviorism

John B. Watson-Behaviorism

  • Psychology should be something that is observable


Classical conditioning in which organisms learn to associate stimuli and thus anticipate events

Classical Conditioning-in which organisms learn to associate stimuli and thus anticipate events

  • Unconditioned Response (UR)

    • A reflexive, natural behavior (dog drooling)

  • Unconditioned Stimulus (US)

    • A stimulus that brings about unconditioned response (the food)

  • Neutral Stimulus

    • Doesn’t initially bring about a response (what was it in the Pavlovian model?)

  • Conditioned Response (CR)

    • Happens through repeated pairings of the neutral stimulus (bell) and the US (the food)

  • Conditioned Stimulus (CS)

    • A previously neutral stimulus (the bell) is paired repeatedly with an US and begins to get a CR


Classical conditioning terms

Classical Conditioning Terms

  • Acquisition: initial stage in learning

    • When dog drools first time of bell

  • Extinction: The CR (drool) will gradually weaken and eventually disappear when CS (bell) is presented without the US (food)

    • Spontaneous Recovery: the CR (drool) will suddenly appear in response to a CS (bell)


Problems with classical conditioning

Problems with Classical Conditioning

  • Generalization: When response is conditioned, similar stimuli elicit conditioned response

    • Door bell rings dog drools

  • Discrimination-learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and other stimuli that are similar

    • Example: fear of pitbulls not golden retrievers


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