Barriers to learning
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 27

Barriers to Learning PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 135 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Barriers to Learning. Systemic Societal Pedagogics Medical Disabilities. COMPILED BY: K KITSHOFF SCP: LSEN SCHOOLS. Systemic Barriers. Lack of basic and appropriate learning support materials Lack of assistive devices Inadequate facilities at schools Overcrowded classrooms

Download Presentation

Barriers to Learning

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Barriers to Learning

  • Systemic

  • Societal

  • Pedagogics

  • Medical Disabilities

COMPILED BY: K KITSHOFF

SCP: LSEN SCHOOLS


Systemic Barriers

  • Lack of basic and appropriate learning support materials

  • Lack of assistive devices

  • Inadequate facilities at schools

  • Overcrowded classrooms

  • Lack of mother tongue educators


Societal Barriers

  • Severe Poverty

  • Late enrolment

  • Gangs/Violence in neighbourhoods

  • Natural disasters and Epidemics

  • Crime, abuse, teenage pregnancy

  • Gender issues

  • Attitudes


NUTRITION

SHELTER

CLINICS

EMOTIONAL

STRESS

POVERTY

TRANSPORT

WATER

TOILETS

ELECTRICITY


Inappropriate Pedagogy

  • Insufficient support of educators

  • Inflexible Curriculum

  • Inappropriate and unfair assessment procedures


CURRICULUM

  • Policy Implementation

  • Content of LP

  • Subject Choices

  • Class management and organisation


Deaf - loss greater than 65 db

Hard of Hearing - hearing loss between 35 and 65 db

Prelingually deaf

Postlingually deaf

Unilateral/Bilateral

Sensory Disabled - Hearing


Blind - no vision, light perception, shape

Low Vision - few centimeters away

Visually Limited 20/70 to 20/200

Visual Acuity

Visual Field

Poor eye movements

Colour perception

Sensory Disabled - Vision


DEAF-BLIND LEARNER

Alternative Communication


Cerebral Palsied (CP)

  • Damage to the brain - before, during or shortly after birth. (Central Nervous System)

  • Muscular system and co-ordination of limbs affected

  • Intellectual potential

  • Speech impediments


Monoplegic - 1 limb

Hemiplegic - same side of body - arm, leg and face. Arm more than the leg.

Triplegic - 3 limbs. Mostly both legs and 1 arm.

Quadruplegic - both arms and legs.

Diplegic - both arms and legs, but legs much worse.

Paraplegic - only legs, no harm to arms.

Cerebral Palsied


Cerebral Palsied

  • Spasticity: increased muscle tone - tight and overactive - jerky/slow

  • Athetosis: muscle tone fluctuates - limbs flailing/difficult to control

  • Ataxia: lack of coordination - poor control of balance and movement - poor depth perception/ position in space


MEMORY

STRATEGIES

FOR

LEARNING

MOTOR

ABILITY

ATTENTION

SOCIAL

BEHAVIOUR

PERCEPTION

LEARNING DISABILITIES

MATHS

ORAL

LANGUAGE

READING

WRITTEN

LANGUAGE


Vitality

Mobility

Varying

Loss/Lack

Syndrome

Birth

Medical

diagnosis

Medication

Physically Disabled


Skeletal Disorders

  • Dwarfism

  • Marfin Syndrome

  • Brittle Bone

  • Diseases: Poliomyelitis & Tuberculosis of the Bone Structure

  • Clubfoot

  • Absence of Limbs

  • Amputations

  • Contractions


Muscular Weakness

  • Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

  • Spinal Muscular Atrophy

  • Spina Bifida

  • Spinal Cord Injuries


Chronically Sick

Constant

change

in

condition

Pain

discomfort

medication

Uncertainty

about

Outcome


Chronic & Acute Health Problems

HEART

CONDITIONS

TB

RHEUMATIC

FEVER

ASTHMA

HEMOPHILIA

LEAD

POISONING

LEUKEMIA

KIDNEY

FAILURE

DIABETES


BURSTS OF

ELECTRICAL

ENGERGY

ALTERED

ELECTRICAL

STATE

LOSS OF

CONSCIOUSNESS

ELECTRICAL

IMPULSE

NORMAL

SIGNS &

SYMPTYMS

GONE

ALL FUNCTIONS

NORMAL

ANY AGE

EPILEPSY

NO APPARENT

CAUSE

SYMPTOM OF

UNDERLYING

PROBLEMS

OUTGROW


EPILEPSY


Terminally Ill

  • Cancer

  • HIV-Aids

  • Cystic Fibrosis

  • Central Nervous System

  • TB

  • Hepatitis B

  • Protein Energy Malnutrition


COGNITIVE DIVERSITIES

Intellectually Severely Disabled

Mild

Moderate

Profound

Severe


Characteristics & accompanyingbehaviour of gifted learners

  • Theoretical and abstract - ignores stressed data in assignments - works unneat

  • Independent, inventive - resists chosen assignments

  • Sensitive - withdraws, strong goal orientated and rejected by others

  • Alert and Eager - resents periods of classroom inactivity


Gifted - Continued

  • Intuitive - Easily sees conclusions without displaying knowledge of sequential concepts

  • Daydreaming - concentrated periods of thinking - inattentive to teacher ‘s and other students’ comments and class discussions.

  • Aesthetically oriented - resists participation of active team sports


Learner with BarriersBiggest problems:

  • Poor self concept

  • Negative attitude

  • Poor motivation


BARRIERS TO LEARNING

  • For more Information:

  • Kobie Kitshoff

  • WCED: SCP LSEN Schools

  • [email protected]

  • http://curriculum.wcape.school.za/barriers


  • Login