environmental changes and migration in the sahel an exploratory note
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Environmental changes and migration in the Sahel: An exploratory note. Aderanti Adepoju Human Resources Development Centre, Lagos, Nigeria [email protected] Key issues to be addressed. environmental change and human mobility; implications of environmental change on human mobility;

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environmental changes and migration in the sahel an exploratory note

Environmental changes and migration in the Sahel: An exploratory note

Aderanti Adepoju

Human Resources Development Centre,

Lagos, Nigeria

[email protected]

key issues to be addressed
Key issues to be addressed
  • environmental change and human mobility;
  • implications of environmental change on human mobility;
  • environmental vulnerability, migration, peace and stability;
  • climate change, human security, conflicts;
  • climate change and forced migration;
  • managing environmental issues at local level.
definitional typological issues
Definitional/typological issues

Environmentally induced migration in context of:

  • internal-international migration continuum
  • voluntary-forced migration continuum
  • temporary cross-border workers, seasonal migrants, clandestine workers, refugees and professionals
  • cross-border movements of farm labourers, unskilled workers, female traders and nomads
environmentally induced population displacements
Environmentally-induced population displacements

Kinds of disasters

  • deforestation,
  • desertification,
  • land/natural resources degradation
  • climate change,
  • drought,
  • soil erosion,
  • floods,
  • natural disasters,
  • dam construction
  • conflicts,
  • water, air and ground pollution
issues of multi cuasality
Issues of multi-cuasality
  • poverty, poor living conditions, cultural, religious underlying factors
  • current knowledge not well founded.
  • research-based understanding limited.
  • placing environmental migrants in the voluntary-forced migration continuum unresolved.
  • unexplored agenda: most people impacted by environmental degradation do not migrate.
the west african sahel zone
The west African Sahel zone
  • droughts and famine recurring environmental problem
  • imbalanced human and land-environmental systems
  • agriculture lifeline: delicate balance between production system and fragile environment.
  • ecological context: land confiscation for forest reserves
  • rapid population growth; diminished grazing land.
  • overgrazing, deforestation and poor land management.
  • inadequate rainfall and post-drought regeneration
family coping strategies
Family coping strategies
  • shift from cattle to drought resistant goats
  • employment diversification portfolio
  • selective sponsored migration
  • increasing circular migration
  • diversification of migration destinations
  • stronger lineage control, dual-residence
  • remittances to wider network of kin.
actors
Actors
  • Role of sectoral actors
  • NGOs
  • Local communities
  • National authorities
  • Development partners
  • United Nation Agencies
  • Researchers
targeted sectoral activities
Targeted sectoral activities

Basket of intervention measures:

  • Drought - promote irrigation; drought resistant varieties; soil/water conservation; reforestation
  • Desertification - reduce wood cutting; increase tree planting; promote solar cooking.
  • Land degradation: training on sustainable natural resource management, environmental education at village levels.
  • Deforestation: support local NGOs; reduce cost of alternative technologies
  • Conflicts: develop early warning system for conflict prevention; efficient settlement of differences, promote social harmony, democratic principles and popular participation.
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