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Tactics and Weapons of Islamic Warfare during the Middle Ages (AD 600-750). M. Michael Morita Period 5 1/10/08 . Introduction. Islamic rules of war Islamic tactics Islamic weaponry Islamic armor How Islamic warfare tied into government. Rules of war.

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Tactics and Weapons of Islamic Warfare during the Middle Ages (AD 600-750)

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Tactics and weapons of islamic warfare during the middle ages ad 600 750 l.jpg

Tactics and Weapons of Islamic Warfare during the Middle Ages (AD 600-750)

M. Michael Morita

Period 5

1/10/08


Introduction l.jpg

Introduction

  • Islamic rules of war

  • Islamic tactics

  • Islamic weaponry

  • Islamic armor

  • How Islamic warfare tied into government


Rules of war l.jpg

Rules of war

  • “War can only be declared if general call to Islam was issued and ignored”

  • “Muslim troops forbidden to kill women, children, and old men”

  • And “trees, crops, and farm animals cannot be destroyed, but could be used for food”


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Weapons

  • Muslims used swords, single edged and double edged axes, maces, balls and chains, and bows and arrows

  • Archers considered light Calvary armed with bows and arrows held in a quiver, a shield, and rode on horses


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Tactics

  • Surprise and outmaneuver enemy

  • Avoid charging knights armed with Lances

  • Lead enemies into ambushes with false retreats

  • During open battles infantry be placed behind soft sand and rocky ground to slowdown the knights horses in hope that enemy charge into headwind and get sand into eyes


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Armor

  • Muslim troops wore light weight armor that allowed them to move freely

  • One type armor is leather boiled in paraffin and wax and then covered in rectangular metal plates

  • Another type of armor is a short chain-mail coat, sometimes horses would wear this type of armor


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Warfare tied into government

  • Warfare tied into gov. because government run by Islam religion

  • Gov. created peaceful and prosperous environment for own people by conquering many lands and peoples.

  • Allowed non-Muslims to live in community but had to pay special taxes


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Summary

Muslim warfare tactics and weapons during middle ages more advanced than others at the time. This allowed Muslim empire to conquer many lands. The Muslim people lived in prosperity during middle ages


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Bibliography

  • “Birth and the spread of Islam”. The world book Encyclopedia of people and places. 2007 ed. pg.172.

  • Fregosi, Paul. Jihad. Amherst: New York. Prometheus Books, 1998. pg. 275, 276, 278, 288, 296.

  • Hilliam, Paul. Islamic Weapons, Warfare, and Armies Muslim Military Operations Against the Crusaders. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc., 2004 pg. 9, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 40, 41

  • “Islamic Warfare”. Umich.12/10/07. http://www.umich.edu/~eng415/topics/war/islamic_warfare.html.

  • Nevins, Allan. Builders of the World. Boston: D.C. Health and Company, 1959. pg. 212, 220.

  • Nicolle, David. Historical Atlas of the Islamic World. New York, NY: Thalamus Publishing, 2003. pg. 75, 121, 177.

  • “The rise of Islam” World Atlas of the past. The Medieval World. 1999 ed. pg. 25.


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