Coral reefs
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Coral Reefs. By Touqa . Picture Bibliography: http:// www.sfgate.com /blogs/images/ sfgate /green/2009/08/03/reef625x416600x399.jpg. http://geography.about.com/od/lists/a/The-Worlds-10-Largest-Coral- Reefs.htm information bibliography . Where is the C oral R eefs located?.

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Coral Reefs

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Coral reefs

Coral Reefs

By Touqa

Picture Bibliography: http://www.sfgate.com/blogs/images/sfgate/green/2009/08/03/reef625x416600x399.jpg


Where is the c oral r eefs located

http://geography.about.com/od/lists/a/The-Worlds-10-Largest-Coral-Reefs.htm information bibliography

Where is the Coral Reefs located?

Coral Reefs are located around the globe in warm waters and they are mostly located in Australia, Mexico, Egypt and many many more places.

Picture: http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/kits/corals/media/coral05a_480.jpg


Coral reef animals

Coral Reef Animals

  • There are lots of animals in the coral reef and some of them are

  • Dwarf Minke Whales

  • Dugongs

  • Sea Snakes

  • Sea turtles

  • Humpback whales

  • I will be telling you on how they adapt in the Coral Reefs.


Dwarf minke whales and normal whales

Info: http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_adaptations_of_a_dwarf_minke_whale

Dwarf Minke Whales and normal whales

  • Have blow holes on the top if there body so they can breath

  • They have a fat layer of skin called blubber which helps them stay warm

  • Bubble netting- to help them catch more fish

  • Something extraordinary is that they can store oxygen in there muscles so they can stay underwater for a long period of time

Picture: http://www.visualphotos.com/photo/1x9112136/.jpg


Dugongs

Info: http://lifeofadugong.blogspot.com/2012/04/adaptations.html

Info& picture: http://www.reefed.edu.au/home/explorer/animals/marine_vertebrates/marine_mammals/dugongs

Dugongs

  • Dugongs have similar adaptations to whales but they can’t keep breath for a long time underwater and most whales are predators unlike dugongs they are preys

  • But they have 2 eyes at the sides of there heads to look out for predators

  • They also have flattened tales to help them swim away from predators


Sea snakes

İnfoandpic http://w3.shorecrest.org/~Lisa_Peck/MarineBio/syllabus/ch9vertebrates/reptilesandbirds/repbirdwp/tess/adapt.html

Sea Snakes

  • It has strong lungs to help it be under water for about 2 hours

  • They also have a great ability of camouflaging

  • Sea snakes developed a flattened paddle-shaped tail and a laterally compressed body making it an efficient swimmer.

  • Sea snake have a tooth to help them catch or paralyze or even kill its prey

http://www.afpmb.org/sites/default/files/Living_Hazards/580-Animals-Snakes-False%20Horned%20Viper%20FangsIraqBySCole090905.JPG


Sea turtles

http://www.seaworld.org/animal-info/info-books/sea-turtle/adaptations.htm

Sea turtles

  • They are very strong swimmers

  • They have paddle like flippers to help them swim together

  • The sea turtle can blend in with the help of the shell

  • The sea turtle is not a predator for it is a carnivore and it is a prey for humans


Plants

Plants

  • There are a lot of plants at the coral reefs but I am looking into a few only.

  • Sea anemones

  • Giant clams

  • Sea grasses/ sea weed

  • Mangroves

  • I am going to tell you about how they help animals and other plants in the coral reefs

  • I am also going to say how they in adapt to the coral reef.


Sea anemones

Info and picture 2:http://www.users.on.net/~jamesmosby/anemone/habitat.html

Sea anemones

  • Sea anemones can sting with there tentacles which helps protecting it

  • sea anemones survive at the coral reefs by getting a ride on the hermit crabs which helps it move around and to camouflage.

  • The sea anemone provides the hermit crab with food this act is called Mutualism.

Picture 1: http://www.brandoncole.com/profile%20photos/HABITATS/tidepool/jz1134.jpg


Giant clams

Picture and info: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/invertebrates/giant-clam/

Giant Clams

  • Giant clams Find a place and stay there for the left of their life's

  • Giant clams provide a home for the algae but the algae does not do any harm or does not benefit it. This is called commensalism.


Sea grass s ea weed

Sea Grass-Sea Weed

  • Sea Grasses and sea weed have adapted to live in a rocky environment.

  • It gives food and oxygen to the coral reefs but doesn’t get anything in return this is called commensalism.

  • it also helps when it is dead it usually stays on the ground but by time it grows again

Info and Pic:http://coralreefbiomes2.wikispaces.com/Adaptations


Mangroves

Mangroves

  • Mangroves don’t live in the coral reefs but they live at the top, but it is very useful to the reef.

  • Firstly it provides a nourishing habitat for the marine life

  • Some of the mangrove trees preserve water because some of them live in hot climates.

Pic: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f0/Mangroves.jpg


Abiotic rainfall

Info:http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20091114144730AAbqIiT

Abiotic-Rainfall

  • The Rainfall in the coral reef depends on the place but it rains heavily in February.

  • The Coral Reef Get about 12-33 inches per year but as I said it depends on the place

  • In Australia’s Coral Reef it gets about 2 meters of rain per year.

Pic:http://nowiknow.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/rain.jpeg


Abiotic t emperature

Abiotic-Temperature

  • Corals can not stand temperatures that drop much below an average of 18°C. but the average is 23-25 degree’s Celsius.


How to protect the c oral reefs

How to protect the Coral Reefs?

  • Follow the three R’s: Reduce, reuse and recycle which will help keep the coral’s clean.

  • When scuba divers dive don’t touch Dead Or Alive.

  • Keep the environment clean don’t pollute.

  • And last but most importantly SPREAD THE WORD.

Info: http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20110324182441


Thank you

Thank you

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