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ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. First Constitution of the United States. Approved by Continental Congress in 1777. Established in the middle of the war for independence. Colonies needed a government that would allow them to be organized against Britain. Articles of Confederation.

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articles of confederation
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
  • First Constitution of the United States.
  • Approved by Continental Congress in 1777.
  • Established in the middle of the war for independence.
  • Colonies needed a government that would allow them to be organized against Britain.
articles of confederation1
Articles of Confederation
  • Created a federal government.
  • One legislative branch with limited powers.
  • A congress where each state had one vote.
national government powers2
National Government Powers
  • Maintain the armed forces.
national government powers3
National Government Powers
  • Make treaties with other countries.
national government powers4
National Government Powers
  • Settle disputes between states.
state powers1
State Powers
  • Collect Taxes
state powers2
State Powers
  • Create court systems.
state powers3
State Powers
  • Enforce laws passed by Congress.
slide14
State Powers

National (Congress) Powers

Declare war

Maintain the army

Make treaties

Borrow money

Settle disputes between states.

  • Collect taxes
  • Create court systems
  • Enforce laws passed by Congress.
weaknesses articles of confederation1
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation
  • Congress cannot collects taxes.
  • Congress cannot enforce laws.
weaknesses articles of confederation2
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation
  • Congress cannot control trade.
  • Congress cannot enforce laws.
weaknesses articles of confederation3
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation
  • No executive branch to force states to obey.
  • No judicial branch to settle disputes.
weaknesses articles of confederation4
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation
  • Required 9 out of 13 states to pass laws.
  • All states needed to agree to amend the constitution.
the articles of confederation
The Articles of Confederation
  • Weak central government
  • Limited power
  • No power to enforce laws
problem territory
Problem: Territory
  • New territories available for settlement.
  • More than 120,000 people moved to new territories.
  • States disputed the land.
the ordinance of 1785
The Ordinance of 1785
  • Law proposed by Thomas Jefferson.
  • Land would be sold and divided into towns.
  • Each town would be divided into 36 sections of 640 acres.
the northwest ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance
  • States would be organized from Northwestern territories.
  • Territory could apply to become state when it reached a population of 60,000.
  • Territory must draft a constitution.
  • Slavery would be outlawed.
problem economy
Problem: Economy
  • Money had lost it’s value.
  • Government was in debt with foreign countries and American citizens.
  • Congress tried passing taxes without success.
  • Economic depression.
problem shay s rebellion
Problem: Shay’s Rebellion
  • Farmers in Massachusetts grew tired of the economic situation.
  • A group of farmers under the leadership of Daniel Shays rose up in arms.
  • Their farms where taken away when they couldn’t pay the state taxes.
problem shay s rebellion1
Problem: Shay’s Rebellion
  • Shays led more than 1000 farmers against the government.
  • The state militia confronted them.
  • Many rebels died and others were hanged.
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