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ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION. First Constitution of the United States. Approved by Continental Congress in 1777. Established in the middle of the war for independence. Colonies needed a government that would allow them to be organized against Britain. Articles of Confederation.

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Articles of confederation
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION

  • First Constitution of the United States.

  • Approved by Continental Congress in 1777.

  • Established in the middle of the war for independence.

  • Colonies needed a government that would allow them to be organized against Britain.


Articles of confederation1
Articles of Confederation

  • Created a federal government.

  • One legislative branch with limited powers.

  • A congress where each state had one vote.




National government powers2
National Government Powers

  • Maintain the armed forces.


National government powers3
National Government Powers

  • Make treaties with other countries.


National government powers4
National Government Powers

  • Settle disputes between states.




State powers1
State Powers

  • Collect Taxes


State powers2
State Powers

  • Create court systems.


State powers3
State Powers

  • Enforce laws passed by Congress.


State Powers

National (Congress) Powers

Declare war

Maintain the army

Make treaties

Borrow money

Settle disputes between states.

  • Collect taxes

  • Create court systems

  • Enforce laws passed by Congress.



Weaknesses articles of confederation1
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation

  • Congress cannot collects taxes.

  • Congress cannot enforce laws.


Weaknesses articles of confederation2
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation

  • Congress cannot control trade.

  • Congress cannot enforce laws.


Weaknesses articles of confederation3
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation

  • No executive branch to force states to obey.

  • No judicial branch to settle disputes.


Weaknesses articles of confederation4
Weaknesses –Articles of Confederation

  • Required 9 out of 13 states to pass laws.

  • All states needed to agree to amend the constitution.


The articles of confederation
The Articles of Confederation

  • Weak central government

  • Limited power

  • No power to enforce laws


Problem territory
Problem: Territory

  • New territories available for settlement.

  • More than 120,000 people moved to new territories.

  • States disputed the land.


The ordinance of 1785
The Ordinance of 1785

  • Law proposed by Thomas Jefferson.

  • Land would be sold and divided into towns.

  • Each town would be divided into 36 sections of 640 acres.


The northwest ordinance
The Northwest Ordinance

  • States would be organized from Northwestern territories.

  • Territory could apply to become state when it reached a population of 60,000.

  • Territory must draft a constitution.

  • Slavery would be outlawed.


Problem economy
Problem: Economy

  • Money had lost it’s value.

  • Government was in debt with foreign countries and American citizens.

  • Congress tried passing taxes without success.

  • Economic depression.


Problem shay s rebellion
Problem: Shay’s Rebellion

  • Farmers in Massachusetts grew tired of the economic situation.

  • A group of farmers under the leadership of Daniel Shays rose up in arms.

  • Their farms where taken away when they couldn’t pay the state taxes.


Problem shay s rebellion1
Problem: Shay’s Rebellion

  • Shays led more than 1000 farmers against the government.

  • The state militia confronted them.

  • Many rebels died and others were hanged.



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