Chapter 21 (part 1). Transcription. Central Dogma. Genes. Sequence of DNA that is transcribed. Encode proteins, tRNAs, rRNAs, etc.. “Housekeeping” genes encode proteins or RNAs that are essential for normal cellular activity. Simplest bacterial genomes contain 500 to 600 genes.
Site of DNA binding and RNA polymerization
3’General Gene Structure
Disassociation of s-factor
3’end tends to be AU rich easily to disrupt during pausing. Leads to disassembly of RNA polymerase complex