The world of islam 600 1100
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The World of Islam: 600-1100. Muhammad the Prophet. Muhammad, 570-632, was a merchant and caravan manager living in Mecca At the age of 40, Muhammad received a vision from Gabriel who urged him to recite Muhammad’s visions were written down in the Quran, the holy scriptures of Islam

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The World of Islam: 600-1100

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The world of islam 600 1100

The World of Islam: 600-1100


Muhammad the prophet

Muhammad the Prophet

  • Muhammad, 570-632, was a merchant and caravan manager living in Mecca

  • At the age of 40, Muhammad received a vision from Gabriel who urged him to recite

    • Muhammad’s visions were written down in the Quran, the holy scriptures of Islam

    • The most basic tenant of Islam is: “There is only one God, Allah, and Muhammad is his Prophet”


The teachings of islam

The Teachings of Islam

  • The message of Islam is that Muhammad is the final prophet of God, completing the legacy left to Moses and Jesus

    • Both Moses and Jesus are revered as prophets in their own right in Islam

  • Islam is a monotheistic religion centered around belief in Allah, prayer 5 times a day, observation of Ramadan, a pilgrimage to Mecca, and the giving of alms to the poor


The rapid spread of islam

The Rapid Spread of Islam

  • Muhammad conquered Mecca in 630 and made it the center of the Islamic religion

    • But his death left a problem: he had named no successor

    • Some followed Abu Bakr, Muhammad’s father-in-law as caliph

  • 636: Abu Bakr defeats the Byzantine Empire and controls Syria

  • 642: Egypt and North Africa added to the Arabic Empire

  • 650: The Arabs take control of the Sassanid Empire


The islamic empire 654

The Islamic Empire, 654


Islamic empire 750

Islamic Empire, 750


The battle of tours

The Battle of Tours

  • October 10, 732: Charles Martel “The Hammer” defeats the Umayyad Caliphate at Tours, France

    • Charles Martel is the grandfather of Charlemagne

  • Charles Martel stops the Islamic advance into Europe…

    • But Spain remains under Islamic control for the next 700 years


The islamic empire

The Islamic Empire

  • The Islamic Empire preserved much of the writings of the ancient Greeks, particularly Aristotle

    • Much of what we know of Aristotle’s writings come from Arabic libraries

  • The Arabic States make numerous advancements in mathematics, science, chemistry, astronomy, and medicine that will inspire the Renaissance in the 1300 and 1400’s


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